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PUBLIC ORDERING POLICING LESS LETHAL AMMUNITION SOLUTIONS Bruce Botma Rheinmetall Denel Munition (Pty) Ltd.

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Presentation on theme: "PUBLIC ORDERING POLICING LESS LETHAL AMMUNITION SOLUTIONS Bruce Botma Rheinmetall Denel Munition (Pty) Ltd."— Presentation transcript:

1 PUBLIC ORDERING POLICING LESS LETHAL AMMUNITION SOLUTIONS Bruce Botma Rheinmetall Denel Munition (Pty) Ltd

2 2 Corporate Marketing DEFINITION Weapons which are specifically designed to incapacitate people or disable equipment, with minimal collateral damage to buildings and the environment. They should be discriminate and not cause unnecessary suffering, their effects should be temporary and reversible and they should provide alternatives to, or raise the threshold for use of lethal force. (Definition by N. Lewer & N. Davidson) LESS LETHAL CONCEPT

3 3 Corporate Marketing DEFINITION Weapons which are specifically designed to incapacitate people or disable equipment, with minimal collateral damage to buildings and the environment. They should be discriminate and not cause unnecessary suffering, their effects should be temporary and reversible and they should provide alternatives to, or raise the threshold for use of lethal force. LESS LETHAL CONCEPT

4 4 Corporate Marketing DEFINITION Weapons which are specifically designed to incapacitate people or disable equipment, with minimal collateral damage to buildings and the environment. They should be discriminate and not cause unnecessary suffering, their effects should be temporary and reversible and they should provide alternatives to, or raise the threshold for use of lethal force. PREREQUISITE Use as intended by appropriately trained operators prerequisite to minimize risk of serious injuries or death. LESS LETHAL CONCEPT

5 5 Corporate Marketing TECHNOLOGYTYPICAL PRODUCT Blunt Impact / Kinetic EnergyBaton Round Chemical / BiologicalTeargas AcousticStun Grenade ElectricalTaser Gun Direct EnergyActive Denial System (ADS) Barriers and EntanglementsSticky Foam LESS LETHAL CONCEPT

6 6 Corporate Marketing TECHNOLOGYTYPE OF SOLUTIONS Blunt Impact / Kinetic Energy LESS LETHAL AMMUNITION Chemical / Biological Acoustic Electrical NON MUNITIONS Direct Energy Barriers and Entanglements LESS LETHAL CONCEPT

7 GENERIC LETHAL WEAPONS o 40mm single and multiple grenade launchers o Shotguns DEDICATED LESS LETHAL WEAPONS o 37/38mm grenade launchers 7 Corporate Marketing TYPICAL LAUNCHES FOR LESS LETHAL AMUNITIONS

8 GRENADES o Acoustic and irritant chemicals containers for deployment by hand. SPRAYS o Aerosol and alternative spray mechanisms for close contact deployment. 8 Corporate Marketing TYPICAL NON WEAPON DEPLOYMENT

9 APPLICATIONS o Disperse rioters by inflicting pain with single or multiple projectiles. o Temporarily disable specific individuals with single projectiles. NUMEROUS OPTIONS o Tradeoffs between minimum safe and maximum effective ranges result in numerous approaches and designs. 9 Corporate Marketing IMPACT AMMUNITION (1)

10 CROWD DISPERSION APPLICATIONS o Accuracy not a prime requirement and both multiple projectile or “skip-firing” of single batons utilized. LIMITATIONS o High velocity loss of small multiple projectile designs limit effective range. o Conventional baton rounds potentially lethal at short range. ENHANCEMENTS o Complementing small multiple projectile applications at short range with irritant chemical ammunition at longer ranges. o Composite construction of sophisticated projectiles. 10 Corporate Marketing IMPACT AMMUNITION (2)

11 INCAPASITATING SPECIFIC INDIVIDUALS o Accuracy a prime requirement and single projectiles utilized. LIMITATIONS o Low launch velocity results in curved. trajectory and aiming difficulties at longer range. ENHANCEMENTS o Composite construction of sophisticated projectiles enabling higher launch velocities and flatter trajectories. 11 Corporate Marketing IMPACT AMMUNITION (3)

12 12 Corporate Marketing IMPACT AMMUNITION (3)

13 APPLICATIONS o Disperse rioters by releasing irritant chemicals in vicinity of rioters. o Incapacitate specific individuals by weapon launched “direct flush” of irritant chemicals. MAIN AGENTS o CS (orthoclorobenzamalonitrile) o CN (chloroacetophenone) o OC (oleoresin capsicum) 13 Corporate Marketing IRRITANT CHEMICAL AMMUNITION (1) TEAR GAS PEPPER SPRAY

14 CROWD DISPERSION APPLICATIONS o Deployed by hand or launcher (typically 37/38mm or 40mm) in general vicinity of rioters. LIMITATIONS o Use curtailed by environmental conditions and urban settings. o Larger dispensers returned to deployer by throwing. ENHANCEMENTS o Multiple payload dispensers rendering payloads to small to be returned by throwing. 14 Corporate Marketing IRRITANT CHEMICAL AMMUNITION (2)

15 15 Corporate Marketing MULTIPLE PAYLOAD CS

16 APPLICATIONS o Temporarily disorientate and frighten rioters or individuals by sound in 140 – 170 dB range. LIMITATIONS o Not as effective in open spaces as within buildings and urban settings. ENHANCEMENTS o Combined use with million candela blinding flash of light. 16 Corporate Marketing ACOUSTIC AMMUNITION (1)

17 17 Corporate Marketing 40mm SOUND AND FLASH ROUND

18 Thank You Questions?


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