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Fundamentals of Forensic Assessment David L. Shapiro, Ph. D. Nova Southeastern University.

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Presentation on theme: "Fundamentals of Forensic Assessment David L. Shapiro, Ph. D. Nova Southeastern University."— Presentation transcript:

1 Fundamentals of Forensic Assessment David L. Shapiro, Ph. D. Nova Southeastern University

2 Similarities: Clinical & Forensic Use of broad range of assessment techniques to answer referral questions. Integration of data looking for consistencies and inconsistencies. Preparation of comprehensive report to address referral questions.

3 Differences: Clinical & Forensic Different Focus – Clinical: diagnosis, prognosis, treatment recommendations – Forensic: legal issues in addition Informed Consent – Forensic has some elements above and beyond clinical

4 Differences (continued) Need to integrate clinical and legal issues Concept of functional legal competencies Clinical finding different from legal issues Access to data: May be different – Issues of confidentiality and privilege

5 Use of Traditional Psychological Tests in Forensic Practice Objective Testing: Problems with test validation Objective Testing: Problem with conceptual issues Projective Testing: Issues regarding validity and reliability

6 Use of Traditional Psychological Tests in Forensic Practice (continued) Cognitive Testing: Cautions regarding “real world data” – e.g. Miranda Trauma Testing: Increased Relevance for Forensic Issues Tests for Malingering: Relevance and cautions in forensic issues

7 Objective Testing Computerized printouts- integration with other data Issues of normative data bases Ethical issues Limits of interpretation What tests to use? Malingering indices

8 Projective Testing Early uses of projectives Limits of Interpretation Constraints in forensic settings Subjective/Objective Interpretation External Verification (e.g. D.P. case)

9 Cognitive Testing Evaluation of scales Limits of Interpretation External Verification Relevance to certain legal tests: – Unique status Neuropsychological screening

10 Trauma Testing Distinction from Trauma Scales on Tests Need for external verification Cautions in interpretation – TSI/TSI-2 – DAPS

11 Malingering Use of history and collateral data Cognitive and personality: need to keep tests separate – SIRS – TOMM – VIP – SIMS – MPS

12 Forensic Assessment Instruments Integration of legal issues into test construction Formulated around legal constructs Use in conjunction with clinical tests

13 Grisso Instruments Miranda Rights – CMR – CMR-R – CMV – FRI – Increasing complexity: Comparison of scores Need for external verification

14 Competency to Stand Trial Sentence Completion Tests (CST) Structured Interview )CAI) Interdisciplinary Fitness Interview (IFI) MAC-CAT-CA FIT ILK (Malingering Test) ECST-R GCCT

15 Criminal Responsibility Structured Interviews Collateral Material R-CRAS- cautions

16 Assessment of Violent Behavior Early History – “Three Generations” – Role of Mental Illness – The Macarthur Studies – Conceptual Shifts – Five Domains

17 Types of Violence Assessment Clinical Anamnestic Actuarial Adjusted Actuarial Structured Professional Judgment

18 Types of Violence Assessment Actuarial: – VRAG – DVRAG S.P.J: – PCL-R – HCR-20

19 Sex Offender Evaluation Sexually Violent Predator Laws Actuarial, Adjusted Actuarial Clinical, Anamnestic S.P.J.

20 Sex Offender Assessments Actuarial SORAG STATIC-99 (2002) MNSOST-R S.P.J. SVR-20 Use of PCL-R

21 Child Custody & Parental Fitness PASI Bricklin Perceptual scales ASPECT

22 Admissibility of Expert Testimony Frye v. U.S. (1923) Federal Rules of Evidence (1975) Daubert v. Merrell Dow (1993) Kumho v. Carimichael (1999) F.R.E. Amendments (2000) Current Status

23 Tzkseminars Keith Hannan, Ph.D., consultant to juvenile facilities on “Conduct Disorder.” Dr. Hannan also does a Friday afternoon webinar series on juvenile delinquency David Shapiro, Ph.D., the father of clinical forensic psychology on the “Fundamentals of Forensic Assessment.” Learn forensic assessment from the best. David McDuff, M.D., consultant to the Baltimore Orioles and Ravens on “Sports Psychiatry.” This webinar is appropriate for all mental health clinicians interested in working with athletes. Heather Hartman-Hall, Ph.D., internship training director and talented clinician on “Making Sense of the Complexities of Trauma.” Scott Hannan, Ph.D., seen on the show “Hoarders,” on “Cognitive Behavioral Therapy for School Refusal.” Michael Herkov, Ph.D., of the University of Florida, on “The Ten Most Common Ethical Errors.” New speakers coming soon!!!

24 To Get Your CEU Certificate Go to our website: Log in using your email address and password Complete the webinar evaluation Download your certificate

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