Presentation on theme: "Eye and Face Protection. Disclaimer This training material presents very important information. Your organization must do an evaluation of all exposures,"— Presentation transcript:
Eye and Face Protection
Disclaimer This training material presents very important information. Your organization must do an evaluation of all exposures, applicable codes and regulations, and establish proper controls, training, and protective measures to effectively control exposures and assure compliance. This program is neither a determination that the conditions and practices of your organization are safe nor a warranty that reliance upon this program will prevent accidents and losses or satisfy local, state or federal regulations. All procedures and training, whether required by law or not, should be implemented and reviewed by safety and risk management professionals, and legal counsel to ensure that all local, state and federal requirements are satisfied.
Course Outline - Eye and Face Protection 1.Why Take Eye and Face Protection Training? 2.Training Requirements 3.Eye and Face Shield Requirements 4.Selection of Eye and Face Protection 5.Special Eye and Face Hazards 6.Other Essential Controls 7.Summary
Why Take Eye and Face Protection Training? Thousands of people are blinded each year from work-related eye injuries. According to the Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS), nearly three out of five of these injuries occur while failing to wear appropriate and adequate eye and face protection. Understand and utilize proper protection:
Why Take Eye and Face Protection Training? You are in danger of being a statistic if you don’t wear proper eye protection when operating hand or power tools or working in areas with dust, particulate, or impact hazards. Employees must be aware of Personal Protective (PPE) requirements. Eye protection must be ANSI Z87 approved. Employers must provide adequate and effective eye protection for their employees. Engineering controls such as guards need to be used to minimize hazards. Reasons for proper eye and face protection:
Training Requirements Know when to use PPE. Know what types of PPE are necessary for given work situations. Know how to inspect PPE prior to use. Be experienced in properly donning, doffing, adjusting, and wearing PPE. Understand PPE limitations. Know how to properly care for, maintain, and dispose of PPE. Training is required for employees in hazardous work environments:
Training Requirements Any changes in the workplace or job. Changes in the types of PPE to be used. Annual refresher training. When new or additional hazards are introduced into the work place. Inadequacies in an affected employee’s knowledge, work performance, or use of their assigned PPE. In the event observations reveal the employee has not retained the requisite understanding or skill. Recurring training is required, but not limited to the following situations:
Eye and Face Shield Requirements Requirements: ANSI standards are performance specification requirements that must be met by the manufacturer. Certification must be be marked on lens or frame. PPE must be replaced when it becomes scratched, damaged in any way, or fails to pass inspection. American National Standards Institute (ANSI) Z87: ANSI approved PPE must provide adequate protection against the particular hazards for which they are designed.
Eye and Face Shield Requirements Eye and face protection must: Be a safe design and construction for the work to be performed. Be reasonably comfortable and fit snugly. Not interfere with the movements of the wearer. Not interfere with other PPE that is used. Be durable. Be capable of being disinfected and easily cleaned.
Eye and Face Shield Requirements Options for prescription glasses or contact lens wearers: Employees who wear prescription (Rx) lenses or contacts must use PPE which incorporates their prescription.
Eye and Face Shield Requirements Options for prescription glasses or contact lens wearers: Over-glasses: Safety glasses that cover the wearers regular prescription glasses. Prescription safety lenses: Lenses that are manufactured to meet ANSI Z87 with integrated side shields. Prescription safety glasses: Safety glasses that are manufactured to common or unique prescriptions and meet ANSI Z87 with integrated side shields.
Selection of Eye and Face Protection Employees must be provided with eye and face protection equipment when machines or operations in the workplace present potential eye or face injury from physical, chemical, or radiation agents. Employer responsibilities: Proper selection of eye and face protection depends on the nature of the hazard.
Selection of Eye and Face Protection Before assigning PPE to workers, it is critical to determine if there are hazards which necessitate the use of eye and face protection. A hazard assessment of the job or operations will help the employer to determine the risk of exposure to eye and face hazards, including emergency situations. The hazard assessments must be “certified” (signed) by the person conducting the assessments. Employers must conduct a hazard assessment:
Selection of Eye and Face Protection Hazard TypeCommon related tasks Operations:Chipping, grinding, machining, masonry work, wood working, sawing, drilling, riveting, sanding, etc. Heat sources:Furnace operations, pouring, casting, hot dipping, welding, etc. Chemicals:Acid and chemical handling, degreasing, plating, and working with blood. Dust:Woodworking, buffing, and general dusty conditions. Optical radiation:Welding, torch-cutting, brazing, soldering, and laser work. Hazard types:
Selection of Eye and Face Protection Types - safety glasses: Intended to shield the wearer's eyes from impact hazards such as: –Flying fragments –Objects –Large chips –Particles Workers are required to use safety glasses with side shields whenever there are hazards present.
Selection of Eye and Face Protection Types - safety goggles: The intent is to shield the wearer's eyes from impact hazards, dusts, chemical exposure etc. Goggles fit the face immediately surrounding the eyes and form a protective seal around the eyes. They prevent contaminants from entering under or around the goggles. Ventilation should be adequate but should not compromise contaminant entry.
Lead in the Body Selection of Eye and Face Protection Types - face shields: Protect the entire face, or portions thereof, from impact hazards such as flying fragments, objects, large chips, particles, etc. When worn alone, face shields do not protect employees from impact hazards. Use face shields in combination with safety glasses or goggles for complete protection. NOTE: When worn alone, face shields do not protect employees from impact hazards
Special Eye and Face Hazards High temperature environments: Safety glasses, with side shields, are often used as the primary eye protection. Use safety glasses or goggles in combination with a heat-reflective face shield. Goggles form a protective seal around the eyes, preventing objects or liquids from entering under or around the goggles. This is especially important when working with or around molten metals that may splash.
Special Eye and Face Hazards Heat-reflective and wire-screen face shields are intended to shield the entire face from a range of heat hazards. Additional reflective clothing can also be worn to help shield the worker from intense heat and ultraviolet light. High temperature environments (continued):
Special Eye and Face Hazards Hot work operations: Operations involving welding, grinding, brazing and cutting submit the worker to heat hazards, with varying intensities of light and other hazards. Use shaded or reflective safety goggles and/or shields as primary protection for light and heat hazards. When removing safety glasses, goggles or faceplate, take care not to get dust and debris from the top into the eyes.
Special Eye and Face Hazards Working around ultraviolet light requires wearing protection with the correct filter shade number. When selecting PPE, consider the type and degree of radiant energy in the workplace. Also consider wavelengths and intensity of the light exposure. Optical radiation-ultraviolet light: Protect worker’s eyes from optical radiation with the correct filter shade.
Special Eye and Face Hazards Welding helmets are secondary protectors intended to shield the eyes and face from optical radiation, heat, and impact. Use welding helmets in addition to primary protection such as safety spectacles or goggles to provide adequate protection. Varieties available include both shaded lenses and auto darkening (electronic). Optical radiation-ultraviolet light (continued):
Special Eye and Face Hazards Workers with exposure to laser beams must be furnished with suitable laser safety goggles and glasses which will: ‒ Provide protection for the specific wavelength and power of the laser. ‒ Be of optical density adequate for the energy involved. Optical radiation-ultraviolet light (continued):
Special Eye and Face Hazards High glare environments: Protect against lighting changes in your work area. Special purpose glasses are available that include filter or special purpose lenses to provide protection against eye strain. Use tinted eyeglass lenses or visor-type shades. PPE must be ANSI Z87 safety rated.
Special Eye and Face Hazards Low light environments: Special purpose glasses that include filter or special-purpose lenses provide protection against eye strain by improving contrast in low level lighting. Available in safety rated ANSI Z87 safety glasses. Available in a variety of styles and colors.
Special Eye and Face Hazards Specialized safety goggles can be used to protect the eyes, eye sockets, mucous membranes and the facial area immediately surrounding the eyes from a variety of chemical and biological hazards. Goggles form a protective seal around the eyes, preventing objects or liquids from entering under or around the goggles. If chemicals being used, such as acids, caustics, oxidizers, etc., can damage the skin a face shield should also be worn with chemical goggles. Chemical and biological work environments:
Special Eye and Face Hazards Face shields protect the entire face from a variety of chemical hazards. Face shields are considered secondary protection and must be used in addition to safety goggles to provide adequate protection. Plastic face shields are typically not impact rated. For activities requiring impact rating, that don’t require chemical protection, mesh face shields are available. Chemical and biological work environments (continued):
Other Essential Controls Personal protective equipment (PPE) alone is not be relied on to provide protection against hazards. It must be used in conjunction with other engineering controls. Here are a few examples: –Guards –Curtains –Enclosures –Ventilation –Signage –Work practices –Sound manufacturing procedures –Health and safety program –Employee training Other required protective considerations:
Other Essential Controls Employee training: When employees are trained to work safely they are better equipped to anticipate and avoid injury from job- related hazards. They can identify hazards. They properly select PPE. They correctly wear PPE. They responsibly inspect and maintain their PPE. Always focus on tasks being performed!
Summary Summary: Failure to wear proper eye and face protection can result in permanent injury and possibly blindness. Eye protection must be ANSI Z87 rated to be used for impact hazards. The type of eye and face protection needed is dependent on the type of hazard present: –Particles –Chemicals –Dusts –Heat –Light
Eye and Face Protection This form documents that the training specified above was presented to the listed participants. By signing below, each participant acknowledges receiving this training. Organization: Trainer: Trainer’s Signature: Class Participants: Name: Signature: Date: Remember to load your completed trainings into the Risk Management Center.