4Applicable to Every Industries having Exhaust gas / Flue gas containing SO2, NOx, NO2, NO, H2S, CO & Organic Gases.
5Why it is needed. Pollution is Silent Killer of Health & Agriculture Why it is needed ? Pollution is Silent Killer of Health & Agriculture . It affects slowly & permanently. It is advisable to CARE first rather than CURE.
6Plasma Technology FOR Thermal Power Station Based on Coal, Furnace Oil, Diesel, coke , Blended Coal etc.for Cleaning of Flue Gas.
7standard operative cost of this line, because every Power Station The coal-fired power stations are not having standard emissions because these are dependent on lot of parameters as follows:Origin and quality of coalAmount of Sulphur in coalBoiler constructionBurner constructionTheoretical combustion of airPractical combustion of airSo, it is very difficult to define a solely treatment line and also difficult to quantify onestandard operative cost of this line,because every Power Stationis a single case.
8Where to Place the System? ASH Handling PlantParticles SeparatorHeightmtrsExhaust GasFlow
9Ideal Place for System Plasma System ASH Handling Plant Particles SeparatorExhaust Gas Flow
10Environmental Effects Sulfur dioxide and nitrogen oxides are the majorprecursors of acid rain, which has acidified soils,lakes and streams, accelerated corrosion of buildingsand monuments, and reduced visibility. Sulfur dioxidealso is a major precursor of fine particulate soot, whichposes a significant health threat.
11Health EffectsHigh concentrations of sulfur dioxide (SO2) can result in breathing problems with asthmatic children and adults who are active outdoors. Short-term exposure has been linked to wheezing, chest tightness and shortness of breath. Other effects associated with longer-term exposure to sulfur dioxide, in conjunction with high levels of particulate soot, include respiratory illness, alterations in the lungs' defensesand aggravation of existingcardiovascular disease.
12With Plasma Technology the typical process scheme can beDRY – Desulphurisation with PLASMA TechnologyOnly to reduce NOx & SOx with sludge dischargeTo reduce NOx & SOx with salt of Calcium to get Calcium Nitrate & Calcium Sulphate as a byproduct. These mix products are good fertilizer.To reduce NOx & SOx with salt ofAmmonia to get Ammonium Nitrate& Ammonium Sulphate as abyproduct. These mix productsare good fertilizer.Desulphurisation & Denitrification by Dry plasma MethodFeatures:No Chemicals are usedIndependent of type of Fuel usedOnly water is used as reducing agentNo production of any by-productsReduction efficiency of pollutant around %Small compact in sizeNo special operator is required. Stand alone system
13Desulphurization & Denitrification by Dry plasma Method Features:No Chemicals are used.No catalyst is required.Independent of types of Fuels used.Only water is used as reducing agent.No generation of any by-products.Reduction efficiency of pollutant around %.Small compact in size.No special operator is required. Stand alone system.
14Data Project Source Of Flue gas Power Station Mass Flow of flue gas Ton/ hourInlet fume temperature +130* C +/- 10%Inlet NOx Concentration 350 mg/Nm3 +/- 10%Inlet SOx Concentration 800 mg/Nm3 +/- 10%Power r equirement Approx kwRaw Water requirement - Approx. 18 m3/hourThe water is as maximum calculated as evaporation. If station is near the sea, is possible to use the seawater.Guaranteed reduction of NOx & SOx - 95 %
15Data Project Source Of Flue gas Power Station Mass Flow of flue gas Ton/ hourInlet fume temperature * C +/- 10%Inlet NOx Concentration 350 mg/Nm3 +/- 10%Inlet SOx Concentration 800 mg/Nm3 +/- 10%Power requirement Approx kwRaw Water requirement - Approx. 14 m3/hourThe water is as maximum calculated as evaporation. If station is near the sea, is possible to use the seawater.Guaranteed reduction of NOx & SOx - 95 %
16Data ProjectSource Of Flue gas Power StationMass Flow of flue gas Ton/ hourInlet fume temperature * C +/- 10%Inlet NOx Concentration 350 mg/Nm3 +/- 10%Inlet SOx Concentration 800 mg/Nm3 +/- 10%Power requirement Approx kwRaw Water requirement - Approx. 12 m3/hourThe water is as maximum calculated as evaporation. If station is near the sea, is possible to use the seawater.Guaranteed reduction of NOx & SOx - 95 %
18SEMIDRY PROCESSThe another method is to produce fertilizer from flue gas by semidry Plasma MethodWe offer a SEMIDRY process which produce Ammonium Sulphate & Ammonium Nitrate which are very good fertilizers.Our process is based principally on reactions induced in COLD PLASMA Reactor.The COLD PLASMA Reactor is equipped with our special PlasmaGenerator that require a low power.Inside the Cold Plasma Reactor, without chemicals addition, we can have the followings reactions.Cold Plasma1- 2NOx + H2O + O HNO3 + HNO22- 2SO2 + H2O + 2O HSO4 + HSO3
193- 2NH3 + 2NO2 + H2O + 1/2O2 ---- 2NH4NO3 Ammonium Nitrate Inside the Cold Plasma Reactor after dosing Ammonia in water solution following reaction takes place ( Only final reactions indicated).Cold Plasma3- 2NH3 + 2NO2 + H2O + 1/2O NH4NO3Ammonium Nitrate4- 2NH3 + SO2 + H2O + 1/2O (NH4)2SO4Ammonium Sulphate
20If after the reactions 1 & 2 we make to react the flue gas with Calcium Carbonate or Calcium Hydrate, we can have by-products, Calcium Nitrate and Calcium Sulphate.If we realize a full reactions with final step with Calcium Carbonate or Calcium Hydrate, we can have by-product which is a mixture of all products.The separation of the reactions 1 & 2 need as final step a Wet or Dry scrubber.The separation of Nitrate and Sulphate of the reaction 3 & 4 or of all can require a follow step as Cyclone and/or Wet scrubber and/or Dry scrubber.
22Advantages over Traditional FGD System based on WET LIME & SEA WATER . These systems reduce only SOx, H2S & acid in the flue gas& byproduct is Gypsum.Only Plasma technology can work on both SOx, NOx & CO.If power station is based on Methane, then flue gas contain onlyNOx and CO which can reduce only by PLASMA Technology.
23By Products From PLASMA are Eco Friendly & marketable Fertliser.Low power ConsumptionNo Catalyst is used.Only Clear water is required.Compact Size, Flexible operation for 365 days.Low maintenance.Less Manpower requirement.Low Operating cost.
24The advantage of Cold Plasma compared to other known process are : Working at flue gas temperature until +130°C, so do not require to heat or cool the fumes.Operating at low pressure of flue gas until atmospheric pressure.No catalyst is required.Fast time of reaction.
25To have some by-products that are marketable. To work in many ways, as customer need also to reduce the Carbon Monoxide in flue gas.With Cold Plasma Technology the typical process scheme can be :Only for reduce NOx & SOx with sludgedischargeTo reduce NOx & SOx withsalt of Calcium Nitrate &Calcium Sulphate asby-product.
26These mix products are good fertilizer. To reduce NOx & SOx with salt of Ammonium Nitrate & Ammonium Sulphate as byproduct.To reduce NOx & SOx with sludge of Ammonium Nitrate & Ammonium Sulphate & Calcium Nitrate & Calcium Sulphate as by-product. Also these mix products are good Fertilizer.
27We Can reduce pollutant gases in 3- way We Can reduce pollutant gases in 3- way. 1) Without Using any Chemicals – Dry PLASMA, No by Products. 2) By using NH3 / Brine water solution to make Fertilizers as By product 3) By Using CaOH2 to Produce Gypsumas By product .
28High Voltage Desulphurisation & Denitrification Plant