Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Presentation is loading. Please wait.

The Geochemical Regimes of Piton de la Fournaise Volcano (Réunion) During the Last 530 000 Years By: F.Albarède, B. Luais, G. Fitton, M.Semet, E. Kaminski,

Similar presentations


Presentation on theme: "The Geochemical Regimes of Piton de la Fournaise Volcano (Réunion) During the Last 530 000 Years By: F.Albarède, B. Luais, G. Fitton, M.Semet, E. Kaminski,"— Presentation transcript:

1 The Geochemical Regimes of Piton de la Fournaise Volcano (Réunion) During the Last Years By: F.Albarède, B. Luais, G. Fitton, M.Semet, E. Kaminski, B.G.J. Upton, P.Bachèlery and J.-L. Cheminée Louise von Allemann Figure 1:

2 Geological Overview Figure 2: World Map Figure 3: Réunion

3 I will only focus on the following aspects: Magma Differentiation Magma Differentiation The fractionation of the differentiated magma The fractionation of the differentiated magma Figure 4: Piton de la Fournaise Figure 5: Piton de la Fournaise

4 Magma Differentiation What we know: Mean composition of lavas becomes Mean composition of lavas becomes less alkalic with time. Massive removal of clinopyroxene Massive removal of clinopyroxene leads to alkalic lavas Dominant control of alkalinity is not Dominant control of alkalinity is not the source composition Alkalic and Tholeiitic basalts have same Alkalic and Tholeiitic basalts have same parent magma but fractionation is different Lavas evolve from mildly alkaline to slightly tholeiitic So we know that the differentiation process is driven by the fractionation Figure 6: Total alkali vs silica plot

5 Fractionation FRACTIONATION drives DIFFERENCIATION Low Pressure: Olivine replaces Clinopyroxene driving lavas from alkalic to tholeiitic High Pressure: Removal of Clinopyroxene by Olivine drives lavas from tholeiitic to alkalic Figure 7: Tentative saturation boundary of olivine, clinopyroxene and plagioclase

6 Conclusion The character of differentiation at Piton de la Fournaise changes form mildly alkalic to mildly tholeiitic over the known lifetime of the volcano = years The character of differentiation at Piton de la Fournaise changes form mildly alkalic to mildly tholeiitic over the known lifetime of the volcano = years Mineral fractionation becomes shallower with time as olivine replaces clinopyroxene as the liquidus phase. Mineral fractionation becomes shallower with time as olivine replaces clinopyroxene as the liquidus phase.

7 Recent Eruptions Eruption of the Piton of the Furnace (in top on the right) on April 5, 2007, seen by satellite MODIS of NASA. Appropriations NASA. Figure 8: ABOVE Satellite image of Réunion Figure 9: RIGHT Eruption in 2007 Figure 10: ABOVE Eruption in 2007

8 References, Vlastelic I, Staudacher T, Semet M, JOURNAL OF PETROLOGY 46 (1): JAN 2005 Rapid change of lava composition from 1998 to 2002 at Piton de la Fournaise (Reunion) inferred from Pb isotopes and trace elements: Evidence for variable crustal contamination, Vlastelic I, Staudacher T, Semet M, JOURNAL OF PETROLOGY 46 (1): JAN 2005Vlastelic IStaudacher T Semet MVlastelic IStaudacher T Semet M, ALBAREDE F, JOURNAL OF GEOPHYSICAL RESEARCH-SOLID EARTH 97 (B7): JUL How deep do common basaltic magmas form and differentiate, ALBAREDE F, JOURNAL OF GEOPHYSICAL RESEARCH-SOLID EARTH 97 (B7): JUL ALBAREDE F ALBAREDE F Photos: Wikipedia (Figure 8) Photos: Wikipedia (Figure 8) Google Earth (Figure 4) (Figure 9+10) (Figure 2+3+5) From the Paper itself (Figure 6+7)

9 Thank you


Download ppt "The Geochemical Regimes of Piton de la Fournaise Volcano (Réunion) During the Last 530 000 Years By: F.Albarède, B. Luais, G. Fitton, M.Semet, E. Kaminski,"

Similar presentations


Ads by Google