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Life Cycle of Stars. What is a star? A ball of gas that makes light. A luminous celestial body, made up of plasma, forming a sphere. The Sun is one of.

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Presentation on theme: "Life Cycle of Stars. What is a star? A ball of gas that makes light. A luminous celestial body, made up of plasma, forming a sphere. The Sun is one of."— Presentation transcript:

1 Life Cycle of Stars

2 What is a star? A ball of gas that makes light. A luminous celestial body, made up of plasma, forming a sphere. The Sun is one of billions of stars in the Milky Way galaxy.

3 Star Birth

4 Star Birth Star Cluster N81 DUST and GAS Come closer together due to gravity. Mostly Hydrogen and Helium. Dust and Gas

5 PROTOSTAR Gas condenses due to gravity. Planets may form. Temperature increases. Star Birth Dust and Gas Gravity Protostar

6 Star Birth Dust and Gas Gravity At a distance of 7000 light years this nebula contains the largest protostar yet to be discovered. This protostar is 300 times the size of our own solar system. A protostar is a gas cloud that "shrinks" its way to becoming a star. Protostar

7 FUSION Hydrogen molecules smash together to form Helium and energy. Star begins to shine. Bigger the star the faster it “burns”. Star Birth

8 FUSION Hydrogen molecules smash together to form Helium and energy. Star begins to shine. Bigger the star the faster it “burns”. Star Birth Dust and Gas Gravity Protostar Fusion

9 MAIN SEQUENCE STAR Type of Main Sequence star depends on initial mass. Bigger = Higher Temperature = Change in color. Dust and Gas Gravity Protostar Fusion Main Sequence Star Star Birth

10 Red Dwarfs Sun Class Blue Giants MAIN SEQUENCE STAR Type of Main Sequence star depends on initial mass. Bigger = Higher Temperature = Change in color. Star Birth

11 Dust and Gas Gravity Protostar Fusion Main Sequence Star Birth Main Sequence StarDeath Blue Giants Sun Class Red Dwarfs

12 Star Birth Small Star Death

13 Small MSS SMALL MAIN SEQUENCE STAR Star uses all of its Hydrogen. It runs out of fuel. Star cools and expands. Fuel used up

14 Small Star Death RED GIANT Hydrogen is used up. Star expands and cools. Really big. Small MSS Fuel used up Red Giant

15 Small Star Death PLANETARY NEBULA Core condenses due to gravity. Outer gasses expand outward. Small MSS Fuel used up Red Giant Core Collapse

16 Small Star Death PLANETARY NEBULA Core condenses due to gravity. Outer gasses expand outward. Small MSS Fuel used up Red Giant Core Collapse Planetary nebula Spirograph Nebula

17 Small Star Death Eight Burst Nebula

18 Small Star Death Little Ghost Nebula

19 Small Star Death Helix Nebula A mere seven hundred light years from Earth, in the constellation Aquarius, a sun-like star is dying. Its last few thousand years have produced the Helix Nebula (NGC 7293), a well studied and nearby example of a Planetary Nebula, typical of this final phase of stellar evolution. Nearly 11 hours of exposure time have gone into creating this remarkably deep view of the nebula. It shows details of the Helix's brighter inner region, about 3 light-years across, but also follows fainter outer halo features that give the nebula a span of well over six light-years. The white dot at the Helix's center is this Planetary Nebula's hot, central star.

20 Small Star Death WHITE DWARF Outer nebula expands away. Small dense core remains. Size of the Earth, but the mass of the Sun. Will eventually burn out and become a Black Dwarf. Small MSS Fuel used up Red Giant Core Collapse Planetary nebula White Dwarf

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22 Star Birth Small Star Death Large Star Death

23 Large MSS To be large a star must be 4-5 times more massive than out Sun. A good example is Rigel in the Orion constellation. It is as bright as 70,000 Suns. Large Star Death Large MSS

24 Large Star Death Large MSS To be large a star must be 7 times more massive than out Sun. A good example is Rigel in the Orion constellation. Rigel

25 Large Star Death SUPER GIANT Hydrogen is used up. Star expands and cools. Really big. Large MSS Fuel used up Supergiant

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27 Supernova Remnant SUPERNOVA Explosion of outer gasses. Very quick. Collapse of core. Large MSS Fuel used up Supergiant Blow up Supernova Large Star Death

28 Crab Nebula SUPERNOVA Explosion of outer gasses. Very quick. Collapse of core. Large MSS Fuel used up Supergiant Blow up Supernova Large Star Death

29 Star Collapse STAR COLLAPSE Outward force of fusion is gone. Gravity dominates.

30 Supernova Neutron Star Large Star Death A neutron star is about 12 miles in diameter and has the mass of about 1.4 times that of our Sun. This means that a neutron star is so dense that on Earth, one teaspoonful would weigh a billion tons! Because of its small size and high density, a neutron star possesses a surface gravitational field about 200,000,000,000 times that of Earth.

31 Pulsating Neutron Star = Pulsar NEUTRON STAR Collapse of core. Very dense. Supernova Neutron Star Large Star Death

32 BLACK HOLE Complete collapse of the core. Infinitely small. Infinitely dense. Center of Milky Way Supernova Neutron Star Black Hole Large Star Death

33 Supernova Neutron Star Black Hole Large Star Death

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36 The sun is a mass of incandescent gas A gigantic nuclear furnace Where hydrogen is built into helium At a temperature of millions of degrees Yo ho, it's hot, the sun is not A place where we could live But here on Earth there'd be no life Without the light it gives We need its light We need its heat We need its energy Without the sun, without a doubt There'd be no you and me The sun is a mass of incandescent gas A gigantic nuclear furnace Where hydrogen is built into helium At a temperature of millions of degrees The sun is hot It is so hot that everything on it is a gas: iron, copper, aluminum, and many others. The sun is large If the sun were hollow, a million Earths could fit inside. And yet, the sun is only a middle-sized star. The sun is far away About 93 million miles away, and that's why it looks so small. And even when it's out of sight The sun shines night and day The sun gives heat The sun gives light The sunlight that we see The sunlight comes from our own sun's Atomic energy Scientists have found that the sun is a huge atom-smashing machine. The heat and light of the sun come from the nuclear reactions of hydrogen, carbon, nitrogen, and helium. The sun is a mass of incandescent gas A gigantic nuclear furnace Where hydrogen is built into helium At a temperature of millions of degrees

37 Life Cycle of Stars


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