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Presentation on theme: "If you don’t hear any sound turn on your speakers Then click to start."— Presentation transcript:

1 If you don’t hear any sound turn on your speakers Then click to start

2 China Rising A Personal Perspective From Frank O’Hara Click to continue

3 Where I volunteered Click to continue

4 5000 km wide Comparison: Halifax to Vancouver 6119 km Volunteered in Xi’an 1999, 2001, 2003 Click to continue

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7 Dynasties ANCIENT Earliest c 2652-2000 BCEarliest c 2652-2000 BC Xia Kingdom 2000-1520 BCXia Kingdom 2000-1520 BC Shang Kingdom 1520-1027 BCShang Kingdom 1520-1027 BC Western Zhou 1027-771 BCWestern Zhou 1027-771 BC Eastern Zhou 771-221 BCEastern Zhou 771-221 BCIMPERIAL Qin Dynasty 221–206 BCQin Dynasty 221–206 BC Qin DynastyQin Dynasty Han Dynasty 206 BC–220 ADHan Dynasty 206 BC–220 AD Han DynastyHan Dynasty Western Han Xin Dynasty Eastern Han Three Kingdoms 220–280Western Han Xin Dynasty Eastern Han Three Kingdoms 220–280 Western HanXin DynastyEastern HanThree KingdomsWestern HanXin DynastyEastern HanThree Kingdoms Wei, Shu & WuJin Dynasty 265–420Wei, Shu & WuJin Dynasty 265–420 WeiShuWuJin DynastyWeiShuWuJin Dynasty Western Jin Eastern Jin16 Kingdoms 304–439Western Jin Eastern Jin16 Kingdoms 304–439 Western JinEastern Jin16 KingdomsWestern JinEastern Jin16 Kingdoms Southern & Northern Dynasties 420–589Southern & Northern Dynasties 420–589 Southern & Northern DynastiesSouthern & Northern Dynasties Sui Dynasty 581–619Sui Dynasty 581–619 Sui DynastySui Dynasty Tang Dynasty 618–690Tang Dynasty 618–690 Tang DynastyTang Dynasty Second Zhou 690–705Second Zhou 690–705 Second ZhouSecond Zhou Tang Dynasty 705–907 (resumed)Tang Dynasty 705–907 (resumed) Tang DynastyTang Dynasty 5 Dynasties & 10 Kingdoms 907–9605 Dynasties & 10 Kingdoms 907–960 5 Dynasties & 10 Kingdoms 5 Dynasties & 10 Kingdoms Liao Dynasty 907–1125Liao Dynasty 907–1125 Liao DynastyLiao Dynasty Song Dynasty 960–1279Song Dynasty 960–1279 Song DynastySong Dynasty Northern Song W. Xia Dyn. Southern Song Jin Dyn.Yuan Dynasty 1271–1368Northern Song W. Xia Dyn. Southern Song Jin Dyn.Yuan Dynasty 1271–1368 Northern SongW. Xia Dyn.Southern SongJin Dyn.Yuan DynastyNorthern SongW. Xia Dyn.Southern SongJin Dyn.Yuan Dynasty Ming Dynasty 1368–1644Ming Dynasty 1368–1644 Ming DynastyMing Dynasty Qing Dynasty 1644–1911Qing Dynasty 1644–1911 Qing DynastyQing DynastyMODERN Republic of China 1912–1949Republic of China 1912–1949 Republic of ChinaRepublic of China People's Republic of China 1949–presentPeople's Republic of China 1949–present People's Republic of ChinaPeople's Republic of China

8 Early inventions Silk spinning - 2850 Silk spinning - 2850 High temperature clay firing - 2 nd millennium High temperature clay firing - 2 nd millennium Decimal place value - 13 th century Decimal place value - 13 th century Embroidery – 10 th century Embroidery – 10 th century Mouth organ - 9 th century Mouth organ - 9 th century Fumigation - 7 th century Fumigation - 7 th century Cast iron - 5 th century Cast iron - 5 th century Cross bow - 5 th century Cross bow - 5 th century Metal plough – 5 th century Metal plough – 5 th century Acupuncture - 580 Acupuncture - 580 Kites - 4 th century Kites - 4 th century Blast furnace - 3 rd century Blast furnace - 3 rd century Maps, topographical - 3 rd century Maps, topographical - 3 rd century Anti-malarial drugs - 3 rd century Anti-malarial drugs - 3 rd century Harness, horse breast - 250 Harness, horse breast - 250 Tea as a drink - 2 nd century Tea as a drink - 2 nd century Steel - 2 nd century Steel - 2 nd century Ball bearings - 2 nd century Ball bearings - 2 nd century Wheel barrow - 30 Wheel barrow - 30 Seawalls - 80 Seawalls - 80 Axial rudder - 1 st century Axial rudder - 1 st century Paper - 105 Paper - 105 Noodles - 100 Noodles - 100 Coal as fuel - 1 st century Coal as fuel - 1 st century Abacus - 190 Abacus - 190 Stirrup - 300 Stirrup - 300 Wheel barrow - 200 Wheel barrow - 200 Fishing reel - 3 rd century Fishing reel - 3 rd century Porcelain - 550 Porcelain - 550 Suspension bridge - 6 th century Suspension bridge - 6 th century Printing, wood blocks - 7 th century Printing, wood blocks - 7 th century Stars, proper motion of - 725 Stars, proper motion of - 725 Leeboards & Centreboards - 751 Leeboards & Centreboards - 751 Grafting - 806 Grafting - 806 Printed book - 868 Printed book - 868 Chinese chess - 900 Chinese chess - 900 Coinage 9 th century Coinage 9 th century Gunpowder – 9 th century Gunpowder – 9 th century Playing cards – 1000 Playing cards – 1000 Magnetic compass (navigation) - 1111 Magnetic compass (navigation) - 1111 Small pox inoculation – 10th century Small pox inoculation – 10th century Paper money - 9 th century Paper money - 9 th century Pearls, artificial induction - 1086 Pearls, artificial induction - 1086 Pasteurized wine - 1117 Pasteurized wine - 1117 Printing, bronze type - 1403 Printing, bronze type - 1403 Before Common EraCommon Era Why did it stop at 1500?

9 Chinese explorations …(please click) The Yuan dynasty, 1271-1368, commissioned a navy and founded trading posts in Sumatra, Ceylon, India, and later in Arabia and Africa The Yuan dynasty, 1271-1368, commissioned a navy and founded trading posts in Sumatra, Ceylon, India, and later in Arabia and Africa In 1525 the emperor ordered the destruction of the navy, on the basis that the Middle Kingdom had everything it needed. In 1525 the emperor ordered the destruction of the navy, on the basis that the Middle Kingdom had everything it needed. http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/nova/sultan/explorers.html http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/nova/sultan/explorers.html http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/nova/sultan/explorers.html

10 10% annual GDP growth How do they do it? …(please click) Combination of autocracy & free enterprise Combination of autocracy & free enterprise Planning, not laissez-faire (pre-build infrastructure) Planning, not laissez-faire (pre-build infrastructure) Industrious, business-like (punctual) people Industrious, business-like (punctual) people A tradition of merit-based scholarship A tradition of merit-based scholarship Government actively supports entrepreneurs Government actively supports entrepreneurs Innovation Innovation

11 Development zones …(please click) Adjacent to the 17 largest cities Adjacent to the 17 largest cities 3 kinds at each city – Hi-tech, Agriculture, Manufacturing 3 kinds at each city – Hi-tech, Agriculture, Manufacturing Up-to-date facilities (e.g. broadband, foreign architects) Up-to-date facilities (e.g. broadband, foreign architects) Angel financing Angel financing Training for budding entrepreneurs Training for budding entrepreneurs Secondary financing (launching the enterprise) Secondary financing (launching the enterprise)

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14 Development zone photo

15 Some facts …(please click) China graduates @ 600,000 engineers annually versus USA 70,000 China graduates @ 600,000 engineers annually versus USA 70,000 100,000 Chinese are studying abroad at their own expense, (103 countries, primarily United States, Britain and Japan) 2,000/year sponsored by the Chinese government 100,000 Chinese are studying abroad at their own expense, (103 countries, primarily United States, Britain and Japan) 2,000/year sponsored by the Chinese government Annually 2,500 Chinese students earn their PhDs in the USA Annually 2,500 Chinese students earn their PhDs in the USA A Comparison: U.S. National Debt $9.5 trillion and growing Chinese reserves $1.3 trillion, also growing A Comparison: U.S. National Debt $9.5 trillion and growing Chinese reserves $1.3 trillion, also growing The One-child Policy The One-child Policy –Fully imposed on 35.9% of the population - city dwellers –52.9% (mostly rural) allowed 2 nd child if first is female –11% (ethnic minorities) have no limit –Enforced with fines and penalties (limited advancement/schooling) –Marriage age delayed (25 for women, 26 for men) –Projected 30 million excess marriage-age men by 2020

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17 More facts …(please click) GDP: $3.42 trillion GDP: $3.42 trillion GDP per capita: $2,631 (versus Canada’s $36,000) GDP per capita: $2,631 (versus Canada’s $36,000) Poverty (defined as less than $1/day) declined from 64% to 10% over the past 25 years. Poverty (defined as less than $1/day) declined from 64% to 10% over the past 25 years. Famine of 1959, 60, 61 – as many as 30 million died Approximately 5% of the population of @ 660 million Famine of 1959, 60, 61 – as many as 30 million died Approximately 5% of the population of @ 660 million 1976 Tangshan earthquake – of 1 million population 250,000 died 1976 Tangshan earthquake – of 1 million population 250,000 died Only 14.86% of the land is arable Only 14.86% of the land is arable

18 Yet more facts …(please click) The world’s 3 rd largest country The world’s 3 rd largest country 4 time zones but treated as one (Beijing) 4 time zones but treated as one (Beijing) Surpassed S. Africa as the world’s largest gold producer Surpassed S. Africa as the world’s largest gold producer Military service: Two years selective compulsory 18-22 years of age Military service: Two years selective compulsory 18-22 years of age 30 million people migrate to the cities each year 30 million people migrate to the cities each year Population 1.3 billion (20% of the world) Population 1.3 billion (20% of the world) –540 million in 1950; doubled by 1980s, when 1-child policy instituted –Stable fertility rate is 2.1 – actually only 1.7 for China –Population expected to peak at 1.45 billion in 2030 before reducing to 1.28 billion by 2050

19 China’s population: 1950 to 2050 MaleFemale China 1950 - 540 million 2050 – 1.28 billion India 1950 - 357.5 million 2050 - 1.6 billion

20 Something to ponder… World’s population growth (millions) 1750 1800 1850 1900 1950 1999 2050 2150 791 978 1262 1650 2521 5978 8909 9746

21 3 Gorges Dam 12 times the power output of Niagara Falls 12 times the power output of Niagara Falls Designed to provide 10% of China’s needs Designed to provide 10% of China’s needs But increased demand – actually only 3%. But increased demand – actually only 3%.

22 Concerns? …(please click) Will China try to buy control of the West? Will China try to buy control of the West? Will they control Greenhouse Gases? Will they control Greenhouse Gases? Falun Gong Falun Gong 87,000 civil disturbances in 2005 87,000 civil disturbances in 2005 Each week China opens 34 gas stations and puts 1000 more cars on the road Each week China opens 34 gas stations and puts 1000 more cars on the road 570 more coal plants to be added by 2012 570 more coal plants to be added by 2012 Army – Active: 2,250,000, Reserve: 800,000 Army – Active: 2,250,000, Reserve: 800,000

23 Canada: $18 billion

24 Canadian advantages/opportunities Dr. Norman Bethune - a hero Dr. Norman Bethune - a hero Dr. Macklin - 1 st Western hospital, 1886 Dr. Macklin - 1 st Western hospital, 1886 1970, Canada led the world to recognize China, 2 years ahead of President Nixon's visit 1970, Canada led the world to recognize China, 2 years ahead of President Nixon's visit Our secular society (with 1.5 million Chinese) Our secular society (with 1.5 million Chinese) Our natural resources Our natural resources Canadian investments (Bombardier, Nortel, mining companies) Canadian investments (Bombardier, Nortel, mining companies) Wheat for famine victims 1959, 60, 61 Wheat for famine victims 1959, 60, 61

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26 Shangai

27 Frank Ou Fulai Fortune Comes Marion Lei Moli Jasmine Blossom

28 Photos from the 2008 Olympics

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36 A co-incidence!? Buddha: @ 563-483 BC Confucius: 551-479 BC Confucius: 551-479 BC Socrates: 469-399 BC Socrates: 469-399 BC

37 The End Ou Fulai Fortune Comes For more on Frank O’Hara’s adventures go to www.ohara.comwww.ohara.combut not for China… only the beginning Click twice to end


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