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ANATOMY AND PHYSIOLOGY BY TIYAS K-Maternity Nursing Division-Airlangga University 2010.

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Presentation on theme: "ANATOMY AND PHYSIOLOGY BY TIYAS K-Maternity Nursing Division-Airlangga University 2010."— Presentation transcript:

1 ANATOMY AND PHYSIOLOGY BY TIYAS K-Maternity Nursing Division-Airlangga University 2010

2 Female Reproductive System  Organ  Region  Function Anatomy and physiology of female reproductive system

3 Female reproductive organ  External generative organ  Internal generative organ

4 Female external generative organ  Mons pubis  Labia majora and minora  Clitoris  Vagina & Hymen  Vestibule  Urethral opening  Various glandular and vascular structures

5 External generative organ

6 Female internal generative organ  Uterus  Oviduct  Ovaries

7 Inside female pelvic

8 Uterus  2.5 to 3.5 cm length in prepubertal  6—8 cm in nulliparous  9—10 cm in multiparous  50—70 gram in nonparous  >80 gram in multiparous  Body of the uterus compose of mucosal, muscular, and serosal layer

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10 Uterus

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12  Function: ?

13 Oviduct  Fallopian duct  length from 8 to 14 cm.  divided into an interstitial portion, isthmus, ampulla, and infundibulum

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16 Oviduct  Function: ?

17 Ovaries  In reproductive age they were 2.5 to 5 cm in length, 1.5 to 3 cm in breadth, and 0.6 to 1.5 cm in thickness  Attached to the broad ligament by the mesovarium  consists of two portions, the cortex and medulla.

18 Ovaries  Picture of ovaries and ovulation process

19 Ovarian cycle  Follicular phase  Ovulation phase  Luteal phase (postovulatory)

20 Ovarian cycle-follicular phase

21 Ovarian cycle-ovulation phase

22 Endometrial cycle-menstruation

23 Male reproductive system

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27 Spermatogenesis

28 Sperm

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30 Reference  Cunningham, et al (2005) Williams obstetric 22th ed  Jonge, CD, Baratt C (2006) The Sperm Cell. Cambridge University Press 2006


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