Presentation on theme: "Handout 3-8 Click on the god to the right 1. Read each statement Choose the statement you believe to be correct Always click on the picture of a."— Presentation transcript:
Read each statement Choose the statement you believe to be correct Always click on the picture of a god in the lower right corner to continue. Good luck! 2
3 Amen-Re was a combination of Amen, the sky god of Memphis and Re, the original moon god. Amen-Re was a combination Amen, the wind god of Thebes and Re, the original sun god. Amen-Re was a combination of Amen, the son of the pharaoh and Re, the original Nile god.
4 Horus was a sky god and Thoth was the moon god. Try again.
5 Amen-Re was a combination of Amen, the wind god of Thebes and Re, the original sun god. Re was the most important Egyptian god from the very beginning. As time went on, Thebes became the most important city in Egypt, and consequently, Amen became a most important god. Since they couldn’t have two #1 gods, the two were combined. Let’s find out some more.
6 The son of the pharaoh was not believed to be a god and Hapi was the god of the Nile. Give it another shot.
7 Amen-Re was the supreme creator who made both gods and mortals. He was also believed to be the father of every pharaoh. Amen-Re was usually shown as a mortal with a crown of two feathers. He could assume any shape he wanted, including other gods. Click Amen-Re to continue.
8 One myth says men were created from his tears. One myth says men were created from powers he took from other gods. One myth says men were created from mud bricks by Amen-Re.
9 You didn’t really think that was the correct answer, did you? The Egyptians did believe, however, that another god made people out of clay on a pottery wheel! One more try.
10 One myth says men were created from his tears. Just wait until I tell you that story. Let’s find out about Anubis, shall we?
11 Amen-Re was powerful, but he could not take the powers of other gods. Try again.
12 The jackal headed god of funerals and mummification. The jackal headed god of vegetation and agriculture. The jackal headed god of architects and artists.
13 Anubis was the jackal-headed god of funerals and mummification. The ancient Egyptians were used to seeing jackals (wild dogs) around the burial sites looking for a snack, so they came to associate them with funerals. That’s why Anubis has a jackal head. Click Anubis to learn more.
14 Osiris was the god of vegetation and agriculture. It was said that Anubis performed his funeral.
15 The name of the god of architects and artists was Ptah.
16 The Egyptians believed Anubis protected the body of the deceased while it was being prepared for burial and continued to guard it in the tomb. As you may have read before, it was believed that Anubis performed the burial of Osiris. Although Anubis was not the god of healing, he was the keeper of poisons and medicines.
17 The Egyptians believed Anubis monitored… the scale in the Hall of Maatthe scale in the Hall of Maat. the blood pressure of the priests during the mummification. the temples at the pyramid complex.
18 It was priests who monitored the temples at the pyramid complex. Click Anubis to try again.
19 The ancient Egyptians had fairly extensive medical knowledge, but they could not monitor blood pressure.
Absolutely! 20 The Egyptians believed one’s ka had to go through a ceremony called the “Weighing of the Heart” as a final judgment to see if it would get into the afterlife. Anubis monitored the scale in the Hall of Maat.
Meet Osiris 21 As you may know, Osiris is the god of vegetation and agriculture. He is also the god of … the Nile River and the Red and Mediterranean Seas. death, rebirth and the Inundation. linen, natron and amulets.
That is incorrect. 22 Even though Osiris did have something to do with water, he was not the god of the Nile and the Red and Mediterranean Seas. (He’s not green because he’s seasick.) Dive right in and try again.
Wonderful choice! 23 Osiris was the god of death, rebirth and the Inundation. (The Inundation was sort of the yearly “rebirth” of Egypt. Also, green is the color of rebirth.) He also ruled the afterlife, judging all Egyptians after they died.
That sounds more like Anubis 24 Osiris was not the god of linen, natron and amulets. Those three things are used in mummification. Even though Osiris was the god of death and depicted as a mummy, Anubis was the god of mummification.
Osiris 26 Osiris was shown as a mummy, usually with green skin, and wearing a feathered crown and holding a crook and flail. The crook shows he is like a good shepherd to his people. The flail, as a farming tool, shows he will provide for his people. As a whip, it shows he can be punishing to the enemies of Egypt or to lawbreakers. crook flail
Isis 27 Isis was the … wife of Seth and mother of Anubis wife of Thoth and mother of Nephthys wife of Osiris and mother of Horus
Sorry. 28 Nephthys was the wife of Seth and the mother of Anubis. Please try again.
No. 29 Hathor was the wife of Thoth and Nut was the mother of Nephthys.
Great answer! 30 Isis was the wife of Osiris and the mother of Horus. Isis, my love! I love you, Mommy!
More about Isis. 31 Isis was a powerful magician who got her powers from Re. She was often shown on coffins with long wings spread to protect the deceased.
32 The Egyptians believed Isis gave food to the deceased on their journey through the underworld. They also believed she created the first cobra, which she used to learn Re’s real name. Let’s learn about her son, Horus.
33 Horus was the falcon-headed… sky god. desert god. creator god.
34 Horus was the falcon-headed sky god. He was also the son of Osiris and Isis. The Egyptians believed the king to be Horus during his life on earth.
35 Horus’ eyes represented the … kingdoms of Upper and Lower Egypt earth and sky sun and moon
36 Seth was one of the gods associated with the desert. Try again.
37 The creator god could be one of several gods, such as Amen-Re or Khnum, but not Horus.
38 The eyes of Horus did not represent the kingdoms of Upper and Lower Egypt. Try again, please.
39 Geb represented the earth and Nut was the sky.
40 The two eyes of Horus represented the sun and the moon. Remember, he was a sky god.
42 The Egyptians had many sun gods, such as Sekhmet and Bastet, but Thoth was not one of them. Please try again.
43 Thoth was one of the moon gods of Egypt. Nice work. Click the icon to continue.
44 Thoth was not a war god. One of the Egyptian gods of war was Montu.
More about Thoth 45 Thoth was the keeper of time and inventor of writing. He was usually shown with the head of an ibis and holding writing materials. Click to find out more.
Still more about Thoth! 46 He was present at the _________________ during the final judgment. Weighing of the Heart Opening of the Mouth Mummification of the King
You’re right! 47 Thoth was present at the Weighing of the Heart ceremony during the final judgment. He was there to record the outcome of the ceremony.
Negative. 48 There were no gods present at the Opening of the Mouth, only priests and other mortals.
Oops! 49 There were no gods present at the mummification, only priests. Sometimes one of the priests wore an Anubis mask, but not Thoth.
Final thoughts on Thoth. 50 Thoth was a god of wisdom, so it was believed he was the keeper and recorder of all knowledge. He was also believed to have invented geometry, astronomy and medicine.
Hathor 51 Hathor was the goddess of the sky, love, ________ and ________. flowers and birds music and dancing justice and truth
No. 52 Hathor was not the goddess of flowers and birds. Osiris was associated with plants and Horus had the head of a bird, but that doesn’t have much to do with Hathor.
Well done! 53 Hathor (originally the goddess Sekhmet) was the goddess of the sky, love, music and dancing. She was also the protector of women. She was shown as a human with the sun between cow horns of her head.
Not Hathor. 54 The goddess of justice and truth was Maat.
Hapi 55 Hapi is the god of … trees. lotus flowers. the Nile.
Incorrect. 56 Even though Hapi is carrying a tray with a tree on it, he is not the god of trees. Try again.
Unfortunately, no. 57 Even though Hapi has lotus flowers on his head, he is not the god of lotus flowers.
Outstanding! 58 Hapi was the god of the Nile. He controlled the Inundation. Once a year, the pharaoh was supposed to perform a ceremony to honor him in order to bring the Inundation. In other words, the river would not flood unless the pharaoh made Hapi happy.
59 Ammit was known as the Devourer of Souls. She was part _____, _____, and _____. Lion, tiger and bear Crocodile, lion and hippopotamus Hamster, puppy and bunny
60 Ammit was not part lion, tiger, and bear. They were in Egypt, not Kansas, Toto.
61 Ammit was part crocodile, part lion, and part hippopotamus. These were three of the most vicious animals the Egyptians encountered.
62 Ammit is the Devourer of Souls. Hamsters, puppies and bunnies are not vicious and can’t devour much of anything.
63 Maat is the goddess of __________ and __________. dancing and feasting justice and truth vegetation and harvest
64 The deity of dancing and feasting was actually a god, not a goddess. You’ll find out more about that later.
65 Maat was the goddess of justice and truth. She also watched over religious rituals and checked that mortals were behaving themselves. Let’s find out more about her, why don’t we?
66 You already learned that Osiris was the god of vegetation and agriculture.
67 It was believed that Maat helped to guide Re across the sky in his sun boat. (He didn’t have a GPS.) Her name means “That which is straight,” or, in other words, in balance.
68 _________ is where the Weighing of the Heart took place. The mortuary temple The valley of the Kings The Hall of Maat
69 The mortuary temple is where the body of the king was mummified. Try again.
70 The Valley of the Kings was where many New Kingdom pharaohs were buried. Try again.
71 The Hall of Maat was where the Weighing of the Heart took place. The Egyptians believed about 40 gods were present to witness the ceremony. No human being ever saw this ceremony.
72 Seth was the god of __________ and __________. Violence and all things evil Scorpions and poisonous snakes Boats and sailing
73 Seth was the god of violence and all things evil. This is appropriate because, as you remember, Seth killed his brother Osiris and took over as king.
74 There were other gods who protected people from scorpions and poisonous snakes. Go back and give it another shot.
75 Seth did protect the sun boat of Ra while it was going through the underworld, but he was not the god of boats and sailing.
76 He later became a __________. Moon god Storm god Nile god
77 The Egyptians had several deities associated with the moon, including Thoth and Horus, but Seth was not one of them.
78 Seth was a storm god, associated primarily with storms of the desert. It was said he restrained the forces of the desert, in particular damaging winds and sand storms. He also protected Egypt from foreign invaders.
79 The Egyptians had several deities associated with the Nile, such as Hapi and Khnum. Seth was not among them.
80 Seth was often depicted with red hair and red eyes. (Red was the color of evil! Mwah-ah-ah.) Seth did become a respected god during the 19 th dynasty when a family of red-haired kings came to power. When that happened red hair was no longer a sign of evil.
81 Bes was the god (not goddess) of _______ Who was worshipped by ordinary Egyptians. Magic and miracles Treasure and wealth Dancing and feasting
82 Although magic and miracles were probably very popular with ancient Egyptians, Heka was the god of magic and miracles, not Bes.
That’s Rich! 83 I’m sure treasure and wealth were popular with ordinary Egyptians, but Wosret was the goddess of treasure and wealth, not Bes.
You’re Right! 84 Bes was the god of dancing and feasting. He was especially popular with ordinary Egyptians. He was shown as a dwarf with a lion skin. It was believed that he protected people from snakes and other harmful things and was the protector and entertainer of children. He was also the god of something quite the opposite. Go on to find out what it was.
Strange. 85 Although Bes was the protector and entertainer of children, he was also the god of war and slaughter. They don’t seem to go together, do they?
Aten 86 Aten was the most important god during the reign of Akhenaten. He was a pharaoh who changed the religion of Egypt for a short time. Aten had no human or physical image. He was shown as a sun disk with arms holding ankhs coming down.
Nephthys 87 Nephthys was the sister of Isis and the wife of Osiris Seth Horus
Isis would be angry. 88 Remember, Osiris was the husband of Nephthys’ sister Isis.
Yes! 89 Seth and Nephthys were husband and wife.
Not Horus. 90 Horus and Hathor were married, so Nephthys could not be Horus’ wife.
91 As was her sister Isis, Nephthys was often on the heads of coffins. She was also thought to have comforted the families of the recently deceased.
If you need to see any of the gods or goddesses again, just click on the one you need. 92