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Why Greece is the Perfect Holiday Destination By A Gymnasium E5 Mrs Psarrou.

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Presentation on theme: "Why Greece is the Perfect Holiday Destination By A Gymnasium E5 Mrs Psarrou."— Presentation transcript:

1 Why Greece is the Perfect Holiday Destination By A Gymnasium E5 Mrs Psarrou

2 Historical Attractions of Greece.

3 Olympia is a sanctuary of ancient Greece in Elis. It is known for having been the site of the Olympic Games in classical times; the most famous games in history. The Olympic Games were held every four years throughout Classical Antiquity, from the 8th century BC to the 4th century AD. The first Olympic Games were in honor of Zeus. Christos Kouros

4 The Acropolis of Athens was build in 450 B.C. It is an ancient citadel located on a high rocky outcrop above the city of Athens and containing the remains of several ancient buildings of great architectural and historic significance,; the most famous being the Parthenon. The word acropolis comes from the Greek words ἄ κρον and π όλις. Although there are many other acropolis in Greece, the significance of the Acropolis of Athens is such that it is commonly known as "The Acropolis" without qualification. The Acropolis was formally proclaimed as the preeminent monument on the European Cultural Heritage list of monuments on 26 March Kelly Diamanti

5 The dark place of Persephone and Hades is in an underground chamber carved in the rock; possibly at the side of primary cave with prehistoric cult. The most famous nekromanteio for the dead of the ancient Greek world is found near the village Mesopotamos. To the nekromanteio the ancient Greeks brought libations, honorary offerings to the dead, including wine,honey and water in order to communicate with the souls of their lost relatives. Dimitra Baira

6 Almost every Greek city had a theatre because plays were part of many religious festivals. The Greeks enjoyed singing and dancing. At first, theatres were only used for festivals. The theatres were built on hillsides in the open air and could often hold more than 18,000 spectators. They were built in a semi-circular shape with rows of tiered stone seating around it. The shape of the theatres gave everyone in the audience excellent viewing and also meant they could hear the actors well too. In the centre of the theatre was a circular dancing floor (orchestra), with an altar for sacrifices dedicated to Dionysus. The stage was a raised area within this circle. All the actors were men. They wore large masks that exaggerated facial features and emotions. The mouth hole was large to help amplify the voices. Greek plays were either comedies or tragedies. Tragedies were often about the past, whereas comedies tended to be about current and everyday life. Actors in comedies wore bright colours. Actors in tragedies wore dark colours. Plays were either spoken or sung in rhyme. Alexander Moraglis

7 The ancient threatre of Epidaurus is one of the most well known theatres in the world. It is located in the town of Epidaurus in Argos. It was designed by Polykleitos the Younger in the 4 th century BC.I The theatre is marveled for its exceptional acoustics which is intelligible without the aid of microphones to all 15 spectators regardless of their sitting. It is a very popular sight with all tourists who are eager to watch an ancient comedy or drama performed theres. Laskaris Laskaridis

8 The archeological site of Knossos is located 5km southeast of the city of Heraklion in Crete. It is the most magnificent Minoan monument,residence of the mythical king Minos. The palace covered an area of s q. m, it was multi – storyed and had an intricate plan. Due to this fact, the palace is connected with many thrilling legends such as the myth of the Labyrinth with the Minotaur. Anna-Maria Manoli

9 In Greek mythology, Delphi was the site of the Delphic oracle, the most important oracle in the classical Greek world, and a major site for the worship of the god Apollo. Apollo's sacred precinct in Delphi was a panhellenic sanctuary, where every four years, starting in 776 BC athletes from all over the Greek world competed in the Pythian Games, one of the four panhellenic games, precursors of the Modern Olympics. The victors at Delphi were presented with a laurel crown which was ceremonially cut from a tree by a boy who reenacted the slaying of the Python. Delphi was set apart from the other games sites because it hosted the musical competitions. Marianthi Akrivou

10 O With more than 4,000 years of history and famous for one of the of the greatest civilizations ever, Greece has much to show to the visitor. Greece has more than 240 museums of all kinds: Archaeological, Byzantine, Historical, Folklore, and many others. O The Greeke museums are usually located in the areas were excavations took place and where great civilizations once prospered. Do not forget to visit one while spending your holidays in Greece and the Greek Islands. The most important museums are the Verginas Museum in Macedonia, the Archaeological Museum of Olympia,the Akropolis Museum, the National Gallery and Delphi Archaeologiacal Museum. The Vergina Museum in northern Greece contains some of the most astonishing ancient tomb discoveries in history – namely tombs said to be of Philip II of Macedon, father of Alexander the Great, and Alexander IV, the conqueror's son. Visitors descend through the subterranean passageways to enter the museum from where they can explore both the tombs themselves and a number of exhibitions


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