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Reform Movement If you have yet to present please have all of your materials ready. 12/19/13 Day 4 Agenda: Finish Presentations Introduction Notes Reading.

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Presentation on theme: "Reform Movement If you have yet to present please have all of your materials ready. 12/19/13 Day 4 Agenda: Finish Presentations Introduction Notes Reading."— Presentation transcript:

1 Reform Movement If you have yet to present please have all of your materials ready. 12/19/13 Day 4 Agenda: Finish Presentations Introduction Notes Reading on the reform movement and questions Objectives: Explain how the Second Great Awakening and its ideas lead to a time of reform for many different groups

2 Second Great Awakening brought a religious revival and an era of social reform.

3 – Americans became concerned about the state of society – People uses churches as a base for reform – Belief that person’s salvation depended on his or her own efforts

4 Rejected the ideas of Calvinism – predestination Promoted ideas of individualism and responsibility “democratic god” Revivalism – large gathering, an emotional meeting designed to awaken religious faith through preaching and prayer.

5 Transcendentalism: a philosophical and literary movement that emphasized living a simple life and celebrating the truth found in nature – Ralph Waldo Emerson – Henry David Thoreau Civil Disobedience- Peacefully refusing to obey laws in order to protest an issue Henry David Thoreau Ralph Waldo Emerson

6 Reforming Asylums/Prisons : – People treated like animals and often abused – Dorothea Dix worked to fix prisons Emphasized the idea of rehabilitation – treatment that might reform the sick person to a useful position in society

7 Reforming Education: – Education became required by law – P.A. had first tax- supported public education system – Horace Mann reformed education in M.A.

8 Do Now: Slavery and Abolition What is the Second Great Awakening? LOOK BACK AT YOUR NOTES! 1/6/14 Day 4 Agenda: Do Now and Discussion Slave life Reading Notes on the Abolitionist Movement Objectives: Analyze the characteristics of the reform movements in the antebellum period – the abolition movement

9 Do Now: Slavery and Abolition What is the Second Great Awakening? LOOK BACK AT YOUR NOTES! 1/6/14 Day 4 Agenda: Refresher on Slave Life Notes on the Abolitionist Movement Uncle Tom’s Cabin Objectives: Analyze the characteristics of the reform movements in the antebellum period – the abolition movement

10 Back to Africa – The American Colonization Society – U.S. organization founded in 1816 by Robert Finley to return freed American slaves to Africa.

11 By the 1820s there were 0ver a 100 antislavery societies Abolition movement – the call to outlaw slavery Emancipation – the freeing of slaves, with no payment to slaveholders

12 William Lloyd Garrison The Liberator: editor Immediate emancipation Founded the New England Anti-Slavery Society Attacked Churches and Government for not condemning slavery

13 David Walker Free Black Abolitionist Wrote: Appeal to the Colored Citizens of the World Called for Blacks to fight for freedom “The man who would not fight…ought to be kept with all of his children or family, in slavery, or in chains, to be butchered by his cruel enemies.”

14 Frederick Douglas Born into slavery Learned to read & write Escaped from the South Began speaking to the public in hopes that abolition could be achieved through political action. Anti-slavery Newspaper: The North Star

15 Nat Turners Rebellion Nat Turner: Slave in VA Led a revolt of 80 followers attacked 4 plantations Killed 60 whites Turner was captured, tried & hanged EFFECT: Strengthen Whites views on Slavery

16 Effects of Rebellion Virginia Debate – Should we abolish slavery?? – motion for abolition in the state legislature – Motion Lost Slave Codes: laws that tighten control over African Americans. – Bible study, own guns, assemble in public, testify in court.

17 Abolitionist Fight Back!!! Swamp Congress with petitions to end slavery Gag Rule: Limiting or preventing debate on an issue

18 Do Now: Frederick Douglas List things that have helped convince you to try something, buy something, or believe something. 1/7/14 Day 1 Agenda: Check HW/Discuss Frederick Douglas first-hand account. Class Discussion Objectives: Analyze the characteristics of the reform movements in the antebellum period – the abolition movement

19 While we read… Listen and concentrate not only on Douglass's voice, but also on what aspects of slave life he is trying to convey. Create a chart such as the one below… What shocked you?What pained you? What did you find interesting?

20 Do Now: Women’s Reform Would you consider yourself to be a feminist? What, if any differences do you think women face in today’s society? 1/9/14 Day 3 Objectives: Analyze the characteristics of the reform movements in the antebellum period – the women’s movement Agenda: Do Now/Discussion Quick Notes Reading/Chart

21 Women’s Reform Cult of domesticity: the belief that married women should restrict their activities to their home and family. – Uncommon to have a job outside of the home – Could not vote – Be a jury member – Once married property & money became husbands – Lack guardianship rights over children

22 Abolitionism Sarah and Angelina Grimke: Daughters of a Southern Slave Owner Became educators/writers – advocating abolitionism and women's rights.

23 Temperance Movement The organized effort to prohibit the consumption of Alcohol. – Rallies – Pamphlets – Refused to buy

24 Other Reforms Education Early 1800s – Very few options available – institutions for higher learning for women begin to open. Health Early 1800s – 3 sick women for every healthy women – Rarely bathed or exercised – Fashion: corsets – Amelia Bloomer: wore lose fitting clothing

25 Assignment Read Chapter 2 “Women’s Rights” Create a chart – Significance Who, what, when and why?? – Objective – Leaders – Legacy YOU WILL NEED THIS FOR YOUR ASSIGNMENT NEXT CLASS

26 Women’s Reform Have your notes on the Seneca Falls Convention out on your desk. 1/10/14 Day 4 Objectives: Analyze the characteristics of the reform movements in the antebellum period – the women’s movement Agenda: Check HW Instructions for writing assignment Key Terms

27 Seneca Falls Convention Seneca Falls, NY First Women’s Rights Convention Organized by Elizabeth Cady Stanton Declaration of Sentiments: Document asserting that men and women are equal Focus on women’s right to vote – narrow approval Begin of the first Women’s Rights Movement- lasts until 1920 when women receive the right to vote with the 19 th Amendment

28 Today’s Assignment Imagine you are a reporter for the Seneca Falls (New York) Journal at the time the women’s convention assembled. On lined paper write a short article that would go along with the headline. Be sure to include answers to the five “W” questions: Who? What? When? Where? And why? ______________________________________________________________________________________ *JULY 12, 1848* WOMEN’S CONVENTION OPENS TODAY LARGE GATHERING EXPECTED When finished please hand in your entry. - Next, identify the KEY TERMS on page 364 in your textbook using Chapter 12.

29 Do Now: Worker’s Reform When you think of factories what comes to mind? Conditions? Jobs? *Have out your HW* 1/13/14 Day 1 Objectives: Analyze the characteristics of the reform movements in the antebellum period – the worker’s movement Agenda: Collection of HW Intro Notes Primary Source Reading “Lowell Mill” Writing Response Discussion

30 Changing the Workplace A growing industrial force faces problems: – changes in manufacturing – creation of the industrial system Most immigrants worked in factories – North Dangerous and repetitive Conditions – fires and accidents were common – pay was low – Long hours

31 Lowell Mill Girls Workers were young, unmarried women – “mill girls”- lived in dormitories in the mill towns Poor working conditions often led to strikes - or a refusal to work until demands are meet Strikes in 1834 and 1836 in Lowell, MA

32 Do Now: Worker’s Reform What is a LABOR UNION? 1/15/14 Day 3 Objectives: Analyze the characteristics of the reform movements in the antebellum period – the worker’s movement Agenda: Do Now/Discussion Quick Notes A Brief History of Unions in the US and questions

33 Seeking Better Conditions Strikes – Early strikes won by employers Irish and German immigrates – North (more opportunity) – Suffer abuse (Roman Catholic/Poor) – Willing to work for low wages

34 National Trades’ Union First trades unions were specific to a trade – Shoemakers – Textile mills In 1824, The National Trades’ Union – Multiple industries unite

35 LABOR UNIONS Legally recognized as representatives of workers Bargaining – wages, benefits, and working conditions – Representing members in disputes with management over violations of contract provisions.

36 Assignment Read “A Brief History of Labor Unions in the U.S” Complete the following questions – As you read create a timeline – How have unions changed our lives today? – Economically, what changes have come about to help employees? Do you think these changes hurt the employer? – From what you know and what you have read, what is your opinion of labor unions? WHEN COMPLETE HAND-IN AN START WORKING ON YOUR STUDY GUIDE

37 Reform Movement Have out your completed study guides. 1/16/14 Day 4 Objectives: Study the characteristics of the reform movements in the antebellum period Agenda: Homework Check Review answers to reform study guide Review Game? Test on Reform Movement – Friday 1/17

38 Reform Movement Have out your completed study guides and take a few minutes to review. 1/17/14 Day 1 Objectives: Assessment of the characteristics of the reform movements in the antebellum period Agenda: Review Test Maps WEEKEND!


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