Presentation on theme: "Political Conflicts in Caroline England, 1625-40 Character of the King Upbringing; Marriage; Buckingham The Early Years 1625: Buckingham’s Failures Financial."— Presentation transcript:
Political Conflicts in Caroline England, 1625-40 Character of the King Upbringing; Marriage; Buckingham The Early Years 1625: Buckingham’s Failures Financial Issues 1626: Mounting Opposition Parliament 1628: The Petition of Right 1629: Constitutional Stand-Off The Personal Rule; or, 11 Years Tyranny Financial Policies Legal Issues Relations in Ireland & Scotland Charles, by Anthony van Dyck, c. 1635 “Charles I was a Cavalier King and therefore had a small pointed beard, long flowing curls, a large, flat, flowing hat and gay attire. The Roundheads, on the other hand, were clean-shaven and wore tall, conical hats, white ties and sombre garments. Under these circumstances a Civil War was inevitable.” 1066 and All That.
Character of the King Upbringing Linguistic, Physical Difficulties Heir from 1612, Death of Henry Education, Gov’t Experience Mother Anna & Catholicism Marriage Spanish Match (Aid to Sister) Growing Self-Confidence, Emotion Formality of Spanish Court Henrietta Maria, sister of King Louis XIII Diplomatic Swing away from Spain Buckingham Shared Experience in Spain Staying in Favor with Stuarts Close Friends w/ Charles Marriage Negotiations with France Charles, 1635, by Anthony van Dyck; Royal Collection
The Early Years 1625: Buckingham’s Failures Parliament (2 Sessions, Lon. & Ox.) Financial Issues (Funding War) Tonnage and Poundage Failure at Cadiz, Oct-Dec. ‘25 Wary of Concessions to Catholics 1626: Mounting Opposition Parliament (1 Session) Funding War; Excluding Obstacles Sheriffs (Edward Coke) New Leaders: John Eliot & Dudley Digges Vs. Buckingham on All Counts Move to Impeach Buckingham Opposition Imprisoned Forced Loans, Impositions Continue Coke, 1629, by John Payne
Early Years, Con’t 1628: The Petition of Right Parliament (2 Sessions) Finance & Buckingham Opposition to Forced Loan, Billeting Failed Expedition to La Rochelle, ’27 Coke, Eliot; John Selden, Thos. Wentworth Vs. Imprisonment, Taxation, Martial Law Blame Centered on Buckingham Eventually Charles Agrees; Taxes Granted Assassination of Buckingham, August ‘28 John Felton, Veteran & Victim of Buck. General Rejoice in the Kingdom 1629: Constitutional Stand-Off Petition Violated; T&P Speaker Held Down, Grievances Read MPs Arrested; Parliament Dissolved The Petition exhibited to His Majesty...
The Personal Rule; or, 11 Years Tyranny French Model of Louis XIII March 1629 to April 1640 Financial Policies Need for Peace w/ Spain & France Need for Innovative Tax Measures Ship Money; Inland, ‘35 Legal Issues Judges Siding with King Old Laws Dug Up: Fines as Revenue Relations in Ireland & The Earl of Strafford Wentworth’s Royal Arm vs. Liberties Alienating the Scots Coronation, ’33; Religious Innovations, ‘37 Extent of Ship Money, 1636; Note the Midlands