Presentation on theme: "Chapter 1. A. Most of the earliest people united in clans. groups of related famalies brought together for a common purpose. 1. Members of a clan."— Presentation transcript:
A. Most of the earliest people united in clans. groups of related famalies brought together for a common purpose. 1. Members of a clan cooperated to meet their basic needs for food, clothing, and shelter. 2. Experience taught them which plants and animals could be eaten without unwanted consequences – an effect.
4. Clans had no permanent year round settlements set up seasonal camps in caves or rock shelters set up where animals could be hunted 3. Clans hunted large animals for: a. food b. bones for tools c. hides for clothing and shelter http://humanorigins.si.edu/evidence/behavior/tools
5. Because of their migration - movement from one place to the next clans found enough to eat
A. As clans grew in numbers they had to roam farther to find food. B. This migration helped clans to locate throughout the world
C. 25,000 years ago early humans reached Siberia. 1. During the Ice Age – a long cold winter period when huge ice sheets covered 1/3 of the Earths surface
2. These ice sheets wore down the land into huge areas of tundra. – large treeless plains in the Artic region. 3. There were few caves and rock shelters in the Tundra. A. huts were made of layers of soil with grass growing on it.
A. Culture – is a unique way of life that sets a group apart from others. B. Artifacts – clothing, shelter and objects early people made. 1. art, beliefs, customs, and language C. Society – is an organized group of people living and working under an established set of rules and traditions.
D. As clans grew in size their society changed. 1. in larger clans 50-100 members of a division of labor began. – different members did different tasks based on their abilities and the clans needs. 2. Each person took on a role – a part he or she played to help their society
A. People learned to domesticate – control nature for peoples uses. Both plant and animals. 1. The dog was probably the first domesticated animal. B. People also began to grow more crops which meant they began to stay in one place.
C. Early farming societies built year round shelters. 1.these societies economy – the way people use resources to meet their needs became based on their crops. 2. people became more dependant on raising livestock such as: cattle, sheep and pigs.
3. many people with livestock were nomads – moved from place to place for their livestock to find food and water.
A. Agriculture – the raising of domesticated plants and animals. 1. agriculture provided a reliable food source 2. made food more available 3. there were deaths due to wars A. people fought to protect their farms.
4. ways in which farmers practiced agriculture had consequences for the environment – their surroundings a. they cleared the land by Cutting down trees Burning wild plants This was know as “Slash and Burn”
5. plants that were later domesticated included: squash, gourds, guavas, and maize – corn 6. agriculture provided another way for people to subsist – survive.