Presentation on theme: "-Pick up Handouts (4) -Get out Vocab Book! 1 BELLWORK!"— Presentation transcript:
-Pick up Handouts (4) -Get out Vocab Book! 1 BELLWORK!
2 Monday, September 22nd What am I learning today? Language – Learning Goal: Demonstrate the correct use of vocabulary and grammar in my writing. (ELACC12L1-6) Reading – Learning Goal: The Tragedy of Macbeth: Analyze the behaviors and values of the Elizabethan time period. Identify evidence of literary techniques and structures to interpret the literature. Evaluate the community of Elizabethan England and compare/contrast with the Anglo-Saxon and Medieval communities. Analyze the historical connection to King James. Provide textual evidence for Macbeth as a tragic hero. (ELACC12RL1; ELACC12RL2; ELACC12RL3; ELACC12RL4; ELACC12RL5; ELACC12RL6) What am I going to do today? Bellwork: Handouts & introduce vocab (Lesson 4) PowerPoints – Introduction to the community of Elizabethan England and The Tragedy of Macbeth Go over handouts including summative assessment How can I keep my 25 in class reading points? How can I earn extra credit during our reading? Begin reading/analyzing The Tragedy of Macbeth on page 323 – assign parts (extra credit) What will I do to show I learned it? Vocabulary – Compose higher level sentences using vocabulary from units 4 and 5 connecting with novel for research Gather textual evidence for Macbeth as tragic hero, motifs and imagery as we read (quadrants) Summative assessment: Partner test of textual analysis with an informational text.
3 Vocabulary: Lesson 4 http://www.dukeofdefinition.com/Level_G-unit_4_defs.pdf 1-10 “Choosing the Right Word” (pg. 55)
An Elizabethan Community Eager to watch William Shakespeare’s The Tragedy of Macbeth at the Globe Theater http://www.youtube.c om/watch?v=YYfM0R FZ5cs
On a dirty site, on the banks of the Thames, rose the principal theater, the Globe, a sort of hexagonal tower, surrounded by a muddy ditch, surmounted by a red flag.
The common people could enter as well as the rich; there were six-penny, two- penny, even penny seats, but they could not watch the play without paying.
If it rained, and it rained often in London, the people in the pit – butchers, mercers, bakers, sailors, and apprentices – received the streaming rain upon their heads.
While waiting for the play, they amused themselves by drinking ale, cracking nuts, eating fruits, and now and then, resorting to their fists. They were known to fall upon the actors and turn the theater upside down. When the beer took effect, there was a great upturned barrel in the pit, a peculiar receptacle for general use. The smell rose, and then came the cry, “Burn the juniper!” They burned some in a plate on the stage, and the heavy smoke filled the air. Certainly, the folk there assembled could scarcely get disgusted at anything, and did not have sensitive noses.
Above them, on the stage, were the spectators able to pay a shilling – the elegant people, the gentlefolk. These were sheltered from the rain, and if they paid an extra shilling, could use a stool. If stools were lacking, they stretched out on the ground. They were not dainty at such times.
These gentlefolk played cards, smoked, insulted those in the pit (who then returned the insults), throwing apples at them. They could swear in Italian, French and English, cracking jokes in high-colored language with the same energy, humor and lack of constraint as the lower classes showed.
The men wore beards cut to a point or into the shape of a fan, a spade or the letter T. The women wore gaudy and expensive dresses, which were richly embroidered, laced with gold, and heightened in effect. http://www.sirbacon.org/reedchapter3.htm
Excerpt from the travel journal of Thomas Platter, 1599: On the 21St of September, after the mid-day meal, about two o'clock, I and my company went over the water across the Thames and saw in the house with the thatched roof the tragedy of the first Emperor Julius Caesar quite aptly performed. At the end of the play according to their custom they danced quite exceedingly finely, two got up in men's clothing and two in women's dancing wonderfully together.
The playing places are so constructed that the actors play on a raised scaffold, and everyone can see everything. However there are different areas and galleries where one can sit more comfortably and better, and where one accordingly pays more. Thus whoever wants to stand below pays only one English penny, but if he wishes to sit, he enters through another door where he gives a further penny, but if he wants to sit in the most comfortable place on a cushion, where he will not only see everything but also be seen, he gives at another door a further English penny. And during each play things to eat and drink are brought round among the people, of which one may partake for whatever one cares to pay.
The actors are dressed in a very expensive and splendid fashion, since it is the custom in England when notable lords or knights die they bequeath and leave their servants almost the finest of their clothes which, because it is not fitting for them to wear such clothes, they offer them for purchase to the actors for a small sum of money. How much time they can happily spend each day at the play, everyone knows who has seen them act or perform. The transcription of the original German given here is taken from E.K. Chambers, The Elizabethan Stage, II, PP. 364-5. A less literal translation than the one offered here may be found in Peter Razzell, The Journals of Two Travellers in Elizabethan and Early Stuart England: Thomas Platter and Horatio Busino (London, 1995), PP. 166-7.
Ever been "in a pickle" or had "too much of a good thing"? Perhaps friends have "eaten (you) out of house and home" or had you "in stitches" over a joke. 15 HOW RELEVANT IS SHAKESPEARE?
16 Words and phrases coined by the Bard -"For goodness sake" - Henry VIII - "Neither here not there" - Othello - "Mum's the word" - Henry VI, Part II - "Eaten out of house and home" - Henry IV, Part II - "Rant" - Hamlet - "Knock knock! Who's there?" - Macbeth - "All's well that ends well" - All's Well That Ends Well - "With bated breath" - The Merchant of Venice - "A wild goose chase" - Romeo and Juliet - "Assassination" - Macbeth - "Too much of a good thing" - As You Like It - "A heart of gold" - Henry V - "Such stuff as dreams are made on" - The Tempest - "Fashionable" - Troilus and Cressida - "What the dickens" - The Merry Wives of Windsor - "Puking" - As You Like It - "Lie low" - Much Ado About Nothing - "Dead as a doornail" - Henry VI, Part II - "Not slept one wink" - Cymbeline- "Foregone conclusion" - Othello - "The world's mine oyster" - The Merry Wives of Windsor - "Obscene" - Love's Labour's Lost - "Bedazzled" - The Taming of the Shrew - "In stitches" - Twelfth Night - "Addiction" - Othello - "Naked truth" - Love's Labour's Lost - "Faint-hearted" - Henry VI, Part I - "Send him packing" - Henry IV - "Vanish into thin air" - Othello - "Swagger" - Henry V - "Own flesh and blood" - Hamlet - "Truth will out" - The Merchant of Venice - "Zany" - Love's Labour's Lost - "Give the devil his due" - Henry IV, Part I - "There's method in my madness" - Hamlet - "Salad days" - Antony and Cleopatra - "Wear your heart on your sleeve" - Othello - "Spotless reputation" - Richard II - "Full circle" - King Lear - "There's the rub" - Hamlet - "All of a sudden" - The Taming of the Shrew - "Come what, come may" - Macbeth
The Scottish Play is based loosely on an episode from history, the death of King Duncan at the hands of his kinsman Macbeth.
Source of the play Shakespeare's source for his story is Raphael Holinshed's Chronicles of England, Scotland and Ireland (1577)
Written in 1606 Performed at the Globe Theatre, London Published in the First Folio of 1623
Notes Genre: Tragedy Setting (time): 11th century Setting (place): Scotland, and briefly, England Protagonist: Macbeth Major Conflicts: Macbeth struggles with his conscience (before and after murder); evil (Macbeth and Lady Macbeth); struggles with good (Malcolm and Macduff)
Historical Connection Scotland at the time was a violent and troubled country The castle was the center of community & each rival aristocrat’s (thane’s) power Political murder and revenge were not unusual means to gain power Plundering Vikings and Norsemen attacked Scotland constantly
The play is the shortest of Shakespeare's tragedies, without diversions or subplots. It chronicles Macbeth's seizing of power and subsequent destruction. It is considered Shakespeare ’ s darkest work. His rise and fall are the result of blind ambition.
Macbeth was intended to stir the interest of the new king, James I. The play's focus on regicide, a supreme crime in Shakespeare's day, tied into the November 1605 Gunpowder Plot where English Roman Catholic conspirators plotted to blow up Parliament, King James, his queen and oldest son.
Importance of Patronage The play pays tribute to the interests and knowledge of King James. With patronage, a writer composes one of his works for a king, queen or another rich person for continued support. This play compliments James by making Banquo, who is said to be his ancestor, a hero in the play. Historically, Banquo never existed. Macbeth focuses on issues of kinship and loyalty, important ideals to King James, who had survived an assassination attempt early in his life. His father had been murdered. His mother, Mary Queen of Scots, had been executed.
The questions of the role of the monarch and the duties of their subjects toward them were of major importance to King James. A story suggests that King James wrote a letter of acknowledgment about the play to Shakespeare. Shakespeare’s England, the political issue of succession and order were of major importance. Belief in witchcraft was widespread. In 1604, the practice of witchcraft became punishable by death because it was believed that it attempted to change God’s natural order.
The Historical Macbeth Born in 1005 to a family that ruled Moray and Ross He married Gruach, granddaughter to a High King of Scotland; no children No historical evidence of Lady Macbeth’s influence on her husband Duncan, an ineffective king, was 38 when he was killed, possibly by Macbeth Macbeth ruled for 17 years, elected High King of Scotland in 1040. For the first 10 years, this competent king reformed the country. Led Scotland in a long period of peace and stability
Historical Macbeth No evidence of attention to witchcraft Strong supporter of the church Duncan’s son Malcolm invaded Scotland in 1054, supported by the English King Edward the Confessor Macbeth was killed on Aug. 15, 1057 Buried at Iona, the sacred burial place of the kings of Scotland
Theme The play is seen as a tale of dangers of the lust for power and betrayal of friends.
Inside the theater Actors often consider the play to be unlucky, and usually refer to it as “ the Scottish play ” rather than by name. To say the name of the play inside a theatre is considered to doom the production to failure.
Recurring motifs (patterns) Blood Clothing Natural order (nature/Weather) Insomnia
What to Watch For what Macbeth is thinking and feeling, why he acts the way he does, and what consequences his evil brings about upon himself
At the Start of the Play Macbeth is a very successful and highly respected member of a social group, loaded with honors and enjoying every prospect of future commendations. He has a loving wife and a secure home in his castle at Inverness. He is praised for his heroic actions in defense of the kingdom. King Duncan thinks of Macbeth with high regard and treats him generously.
At the End of the Play Macbeth is totally alone. He has no friends, he is universally despised, his wife is dead, and all his most eager hopes have been disappointed. He is a man without a place in the social community. He has become totally isolated.
Why? Because of his own free decisions! He destroys himself.
As we get to know Macbeth … In-class reading points: You are starting this unit with 25 on-task reading points. You will keep these points by participating in the reading and paying attention to the lessons. How can you lose these points? That would include doing other classwork/homework, sleeping, not paying attention, TEXTING, etc. These points are non-negotiable. Rather than losing momentum in the reading, I will simply write your name down as you lose daily points. If you have any questions about your point allocation, you may ask me at the end of the period. I will not reassign points, but you will know if you are keeping them. Questions? Problems? Just pay attention, and these will be free points for you – in addition to your better understanding of the storyline. P.S. If you sleep even once, you work alone on the partner test. Stay awake to work with a partner.