Presentation on theme: "Bina Nusantara 1 The GOLDEN ERA. Golden Era Pertemuan 05 Matakuliah : History of Animation Tahun : 2009."— Presentation transcript:
Bina Nusantara 1 The GOLDEN ERA
Golden Era Pertemuan 05 Matakuliah : History of Animation Tahun : 2009
Traditional ink-and-paint and camera Cell (Cellulose nitrate) animation
Bina Nusantara Earl Hurd (September 14, 1880 – September 28, 1940) was a pioneering on cell animation technique
Bina Nusantara The advent of sound cartoons The first cartoon to use synchronized sound was Max Fleischer’s “My Old Kentucky Home” in 1926
Bina Nusantara The advent of sound cartoons Walt Disney’s Steamboat Willie (1928), the third theatrical appearance of Mickey Mouse “STEAMBOAT WILLIE” the first successful sound animated film; it made Mickey an international star, and launched the Disney studio of today.
Bina Nusantara The advent of sound cartoons In 1937, Walt Disney produced Snow White the first American feature-length animated movie
Bina Nusantara The advent of sound cartoons The first animated feature film in Asia that honour goes to China’s 1941 “Princess Iron Fan”, which was 65 minutes long
Bina Nusantara Disney’s Nine Old Men were the core animators who created all the classic Disney works during the period known as the Golden Age of American Animation.
From their studies, experiments and work, this team condensed and compiled twelve basic principles. The 12 principles: 1. Squash and stretch 2. Anticipation 3. Staging 4. Straight ahead action and pose to pose 5. Follow through and overlapping action 6. Slow in and slow out 7. Arcs 8. Secondary action 9. Timing 10. Exaggeration 11. Solid drawing 12. Appeal
Bina Nusantara 14 The WARTIME ERA
Bina Nusantara With the advent of the 1940s, two major events evoked change in the status quo of the Hollywood cartoon studios. The first was the entry of the United States into World War II, and the mobilization of all the studios (including their cartoon divisions) to produce propaganda material to bolster public confidence and encourage support for the war effort. The second was the Disney animators' strike of 1941 Fleischer studios produced Popeye the Sailor joined the Navy and began fighting Nazis and "Japs" Warner Bros. studio produced a series of Private Snafu cartoons especially for viewing by enlisted soldiers.
Bina Nusantara Momotarō's Sea Eagles is an animated Japanese propaganda film produced in 1942 by Geijutsu Eigasha and released 1943- 03-25 Momotaro's Divine Sea Warriors (Momotarō Umi no Shinpei?) is the first Japanese feature-length animated film. It was directed by Mitsuyo Seo, who was ordered to make a propaganda film for the war by the Japanese Naval Ministry.