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RED SLIDE: These are notes that are very important and should be recorded in your science journal. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy.

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Presentation on theme: "RED SLIDE: These are notes that are very important and should be recorded in your science journal. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy."— Presentation transcript:

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2 RED SLIDE: These are notes that are very important and should be recorded in your science journal. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy

3 -Nice neat notes that are legible and use indentations when appropriate. -Example of indent. -Skip a line between topics -Make visuals clear and well drawn. Please label. Effort Arm Resistance Arm

4 RED SLIDE: These are notes that are very important and should be recorded in your science journal. BLACK SLIDE: Pay attention, follow directions, complete projects as described and answer required questions neatly. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy

5 Keep an eye out for “The-Owl” and raise your hand as soon as you see him. –He will be hiding somewhere in the slideshow Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy

6 Keep an eye out for “The-Owl” and raise your hand as soon as you see him. –He will be hiding somewhere in the slideshow “Hoot, Hoot” “Good Luck!” Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy

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8 Laws of Motion and Machines Unit Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy

9 Energy Energy Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy

10 The ability to do work. The ability to do work. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy

11 To cause something to move/change directions. To cause something to move/change directions. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy

12 Energy cannot be created or destroyed, but transferred from one form to another. Energy cannot be created or destroyed, but transferred from one form to another. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy

13 Energy cannot be created or destroyed, but transferred from one form to another. Energy cannot be created or destroyed, but transferred from one form to another. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy

14 Energy cannot be created or destroyed, but transferred from one form to another. Energy cannot be created or destroyed, but transferred from one form to another. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy

15 Energy cannot be created or destroyed, but transferred from one form to another. Energy cannot be created or destroyed, but transferred from one form to another. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy

16 Energy cannot be created or destroyed, but transferred from one form to another. Energy cannot be created or destroyed, but transferred from one form to another. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy

17 Energy cannot be created or destroyed, but transferred from one form to another. Energy cannot be created or destroyed, but transferred from one form to another. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy

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28 Differences in temperature causes differences in pressure between high and low which drives the wind.

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42 Laws of Motion and Simple Machines Unit Laws of Motion and Simple Machines Unit

43 Sir Isaac Newton ( ), mathematician and physicist, one of the foremost scientific intellects of all time. Learn more about Sir Isaac Newton at…

44 Newton’s 1 st Law Newton’s 1 st Law An object at rest tends to stay at rest and an object in motion tends to stay in motion with the same speed and in the same direction unless acted upon by an unbalanced force. An object at rest tends to stay at rest and an object in motion tends to stay in motion with the same speed and in the same direction unless acted upon by an unbalanced force. Called Law of Inertia Called Law of Inertia Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy

45 Newton’s 1 st Law Newton’s 1 st Law An object at rest tends to stay at rest and an object in motion tends to stay in motion with the same speed and in the same direction unless acted upon by an unbalanced force. An object at rest tends to stay at rest and an object in motion tends to stay in motion with the same speed and in the same direction unless acted upon by an unbalanced force. Called Law of Inertia Called Law of Inertia Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy

46 Newton’s 1 st Law Newton’s 1 st Law An object at rest tends to stay at rest and an object in motion tends to stay in motion with the same speed and in the same direction unless acted upon by an unbalanced force. An object at rest tends to stay at rest and an object in motion tends to stay in motion with the same speed and in the same direction unless acted upon by an unbalanced force. Called Law of Inertia Called Law of Inertia Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy Learn about the 1 st Law of Motion at… Learn about the 1 st Law of Motion at…

47 Newton’s 1 st Law Newton’s 1 st Law An object at rest tends to stay at rest and an object in motion tends to stay in motion with the same speed and in the same direction unless acted upon by an unbalanced force. An object at rest tends to stay at rest and an object in motion tends to stay in motion with the same speed and in the same direction unless acted upon by an unbalanced force. Called Law of Inertia Called Law of Inertia Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy Learn about the 1 st Law of Motion at… Learn about the 1 st Law of Motion at…

48 Inertia: Forces that resist to motion. Inertia: Forces that resist to motion. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy

49 Inertia –An object in motion tends to stay in motion unless acted on upon by an unbalanced force. –An object at rest tends to stay at rest unless acted on by a force. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy

50 Inertia –An object in motion tends to stay in motion unless acted on upon by an unbalanced force. –An object at rest tends to stay at rest unless acted on by a force. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy

51 Inertia –An object in motion tends to stay in motion unless acted on upon by an unbalanced force. –An object at rest tends to stay at rest unless acted on by a force. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy

52 Inertia –An object in motion tends to stay in motion unless acted on upon by an unbalanced force. –An object at rest tends to stay at rest unless acted on by a force. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy

53 Inertia –An object in motion tends to stay in motion unless acted on upon by an unbalanced force. –An object at rest tends to stay at rest unless acted on by a force. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy

54 Inertia –An object in motion tends to stay in motion unless acted on upon by an unbalanced force. –An object at rest tends to stay at rest unless acted on upon by an unbalanced force. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy

55 Activity! Try to pull the sheet of paper out from under a stack of Dominoes without having them fall. –How does this activity demonstrate Newton’s First Law of Motion?

56 Activity! Try to pull the sheet of paper out from under a stack of Dominoes without having them fall. –How does this activity demonstrate Newton’s First Law of Motion? Answer: The Dominoes are at rest and will remain at rest. The paper was yanked quickly (Motion) and stayed in motion. The Dominoes did not fall because of Inertia and Newton’s First Law of Motion.

57 Demonstration! Teacher will knock the bottom Domino from the stack with their Samurai sword (meter stick) –How does this demonstration reflect Newton’s First Law? Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy

58 Demonstration! Teacher will knock the bottom Domino from the stack with their Samurai sword (meter stick) –How does this demonstration reflect Newton’s First Law? Objects at rest tend to stay at rest unless acted upon by an outside force. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy

59 Activity! Place a quarter or other object on a playing card that’s on top of a container. –Flick the card out quickly and see if the object can land in the cup. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy

60 Activity! Place a quarter or other object on a playing card that’s on top of a container. –Flick the card out quickly and see if the object can land in the cup. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy

61 Activity! Place a quarter or other object on a playing card that’s on top of a container. –Flick the card out quickly and see if the object can land in the cup. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy

62 Activity! Place a quarter or other object on a playing card that’s on top of a container. –Flick the card out quickly and see if the object can land in the cup. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy

63 Video Link! (Optional) Khan Academy –Newton’s (Galileo) First Law of Motion –Advanced n-s-first-law-of-motion?playlist=Physicshttp://www.khanacademy.org/video/newto n-s-first-law-of-motion?playlist=Physics

64 Demonstration! Accelerating Car –Design a vehicle that has a flat surface. Place a passenger (weight), then quickly accelerate. What happens? How does this relate to Newton’s First and Third Law?

65 Newton's Laws of Motion, Forces in Motion and Simple Machines Unit Newton's Laws of Motion, Forces in Motion and Simple Machines Unit

66 What is going to happen to Mr. Test Tube?

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71 Demonstration: Let’s create our own version of Mr. Test Tube.

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75 Video Link! (Optional) Similar Demos –http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=dNu6GcV46fEhttp://www.youtube.com/watch?v=dNu6GcV46fE

76 Video! Crash Test with and without seatbelts. –An object in motion will stay in motion –http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=d7iYZPp2zYYhttp://www.youtube.com/watch?v=d7iYZPp2zYY

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78 Approximately 35,000 people die in motor vehicle crashes each year. –About 50 percent (17,000) of these people could have been saved if they wore their safety belts.

79 Approximately 35,000 people die in motor vehicle crashes each year. –About 50 percent (17,000) of these people could have been saved if they wore their safety belts.

80 Wear a seatbelt! There’s room to live inside of the car. Newton’s first law can be deadly if you get in a car accident. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy

81 Wear a seatbelt! There’s room to live inside of the car. Newton’s first law can be deadly if you get in a car accident. –Especially if you are ejected. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy

82 Laws of Motion and Simple Machines Unit Laws of Motion and Simple Machines Unit

83 Inertia: The property of matter by which it retains its state of rest or its velocity along a straight line. Inertia: The property of matter by which it retains its state of rest or its velocity along a straight line.

84 –So long as it’s not acted upon by an external force.

85 Glenn Howard's last shot in a round robin game against Saskatchewan at the 2009 Brier is considered to be one of the best curling shots ever.

86 Glenn Howard's last shot in a round robin game against Saskatchewan at the 2009 Brier is considered to be one of the best curling shots ever. (Double Ricochet)

87 Video Link. Experience the shot. –http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=-EswFKNXjMohttp://www.youtube.com/watch?v=-EswFKNXjMo –How does Inertia apply here… –Inertia: the property of matter by which it retains its state of rest or its velocity along a straight line so long as it is not acted upon by an external force.

88 Jennifer Jones, Best Curling Shot –http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=CM5mFH3_Qh s&feature=relatedhttp://www.youtube.com/watch?v=CM5mFH3_Qh s&feature=related

89 Lets hear it. Inertia as it applies to the sport of curling.

90 Activity! (Optional) Set-up a modified version of curling by taping some colored paper to your floor. –Each table group elects one member to slide their notebook across the floor and try to score for their table. (Friction and Inertia) –Pick an order, and your table group is allowed to knock other notebooks out of the way. –Whatever team is closest to the scoring area at the end wins. Run it again in the opposite direction.

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93 Inertia can pull a car off the road or across the double line and into on coming traffic.

94 How does inertia apply to this racer?

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97 The driver must have the perfect lean angle of the motorcycle so that the force of gravity reaches equilibrium with the centrifugal force attempting to stand the bike back up.

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100 –Driver must have an understanding where their center of mass is. ?

101 The driver must have the perfect lean angle of the motorcycle so that the force of gravity reaches equilibrium with the centrifugal force attempting to stand the bike back up. –Driver must have an understanding where their center of mass is. ? Note: All yellow text does not actually exist. We will discuss this more in part II

102 Center of Mass: Point in a body at which the whole mass may be considered as concentrated.

103 –Usually associated with center of gravity. Similar concepts on Earth.

104 Activity: Use the Dominoes to recreate the picture below. –Try and get as far from the table as you can before the center of gravity is off of the edge. –Sketch your stack and draw a line where you think the center of gravity / mass will be.

105 Activity: Use the Dominoes to recreate the picture below. –Try and get as far from the table as you can before the center of gravity is off of the edge. –Sketch your stack and draw a line where you think the center of gravity / mass will be.

106 Dick Fosbury changed the high jump forever using a different approach that created a better center of gravity in the attempt. –http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Id4W6VA0uLchttp://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Id4W6VA0uLc

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110 When you throw a knife…

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113 Activity: Finding the Center of Mass

114 –Put your hands together on your desk to make a fulcrum point.

115 Activity: Finding the Center of Mass –Put your hands together on your desk to make a fulcrum point. –Place a meter stick on the fulcrum so it is balanced.

116 Activity: Finding the Center of Mass –Put your hands together on your desk to make a fulcrum point. –Place a meter stick on the fulcrum so it is balanced. –Add a weight to one end and try to find the new center of mass.

117 Activity: Finding the Center of Mass –Put your hands together on your desk to make a fulcrum point. –Place a meter stick on the fulcrum so it is balanced. –Add a weight to one end and try to find the new center of mass.

118 Activity: Finding the Center of Mass –Put your hands together on your desk to make a fulcrum point. –Place a meter stick on the fulcrum so it is balanced. –Add a weight to one end and try to find the new center of mass. Learn more: Center of Mass: Khan Academy.

119 Activity! What is the maximum ml of water that can be placed in an empty soda can and still have lean on its side. –Each group gets an empty soda can. –Add water until you have the perfect center of mass, measure the volume of liquid.

120 Activity! What is the maximum ml of water that can be placed in an empty soda can and still have lean on its side. –Each group gets an empty soda can. –Add water until you have the perfect center of mass, measure the volume of liquid.

121 Activity! What is the maximum ml of water that can be placed in an empty soda can and still have lean on its side. –Each group gets an empty soda can. –Add water until you have the perfect center of mass, measure the volume of liquid.

122 Video Link / Optional Activity! Center of Mass w/ two forks, glass, toothpick –No lighter use however. –http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=GlP2c1ZtcJUhttp://www.youtube.com/watch?v=GlP2c1ZtcJU

123 Ballistics Car Demo! –Will the ball land in the truck? Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy

124 Ballistics Car Demo! –Will the ball land in the truck? Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy

125 Ballistics Car Demo! –Will the ball land in the truck? Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy

126 Laws of Motion and Simple Machines Unit Laws of Motion and Simple Machines Unit

127 Activity! Answer with your feet.

128 A B Teacher needs to label the corners of the room. If you get a question wrong you have to sit. If last person gets one wrong everyone is back in. C D

129 A B Teacher needs to label the corners of the room. If you get a question wrong you have to sit. If last person gets one wrong everyone is back in. C D

130 A B Teacher needs to label the corners of the room. If you get a question wrong you have to sit. If last person gets one wrong everyone is back in. C D

131 A B Which is incorrect about energy… A.) It’s the ability to do work B.) Energy can cause something to change move or directions C.) Energy can be created and destroyed D.) Energy quality is lost due to friction / force/ heat. C D

132 A B Which is incorrect about energy… A.) It’s the ability to do work B.) Energy can cause something to change move or directions C.) Energy can be created and destroyed D.) Energy quality is lost due to friction / force/ heat. C D

133 A B All of the energy in the universe is… A.) Decreasing in quality B.) Being created by stars C.) Destroyed by blackholes D.) Multiplying daily C D

134 A B All of the energy in the universe is… A.) Decreasing in quality B.) Being created by stars C.) Destroyed by blackholes D.) Multiplying daily C D

135 Newton's Laws of Motion, Forces in Motion and Simple Machines Unit Newton's Laws of Motion, Forces in Motion and Simple Machines Unit

136 New mini area of focus: New mini area of focus:

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138 New mini area of focus: Friction New mini area of focus: Friction

139 Friction: Available Worksheet

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141 What would Earth be like without friction? Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy

142 Answer! One hit and they should all go in. Nothing would stop the balls from moving across the table causing a chain reaction of movement until they eventually go into a pocket. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy

143 Answer! One hit and they should all go in. Nothing would stop the balls from moving across the table causing a chain reaction of movement until they eventually go into a pocket. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy

144 Friction: The resistance encountered when one body is moved in contact with another.

145 The four types of friction The four types of friction Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy

146 Static friction: Friction between two surfaces that are not moving past each other. Static friction: Friction between two surfaces that are not moving past each other. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy

147 Sliding Friction: The force that opposes the motion of two surfaces sliding past each other. Sliding Friction: The force that opposes the motion of two surfaces sliding past each other. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy

148 Sliding Friction: The force that opposes the motion of two surfaces sliding past each other. Sliding Friction: The force that opposes the motion of two surfaces sliding past each other. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy

149 Sliding Friction: The force that opposes the motion of two surfaces sliding past each other. Sliding Friction: The force that opposes the motion of two surfaces sliding past each other. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy

150 Video! Ice Storm (A world without Fricition) –This is why you should not travel in an ice storm.

151 Laws of Motion and Simple Machines Unit Laws of Motion and Simple Machines Unit

152 Quiz Wiz 1-10 Name that Friction Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy Friction: Learn more at…

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156 Laws of Motion and Simple Machines Unit Laws of Motion and Simple Machines Unit

157 Answers Quiz Wiz 1-10 Name that Friction Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy

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165 Laws of Motion and Simple Machines Unit Laws of Motion and Simple Machines Unit

166 Friction Friction Slows an object down until it stops Slows an object down until it stops Produces heat Produces heat Wears object down Wears object down Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy

167 Friction Friction Slows an object down until it stops Slows an object down until it stops Produces heat Produces heat Wears object down Wears object down Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy

168 Video (Optional) Making a Friction Fire. –http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Pg83ymYwTrEhttp://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Pg83ymYwTrE

169 Friction Friction Slows an object down until it stops Slows an object down until it stops Produces heat Produces heat Wears object down Wears object down Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy

170 Friction Friction Slows an object down until it stops Slows an object down until it stops Produces heat Produces heat Wears object down Wears object down Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy

171 Friction Available Sheet.

172 Activity! Examining the wear on your treads from friction. –Which parts of your shoe are most worn down? –Does this tell you anything about how you walk? Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy

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180 Activity! Sliding Friction Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy

181 Friction Available Sheet.

182 Reminder before activity. –Don’t forget to zero your spring scales.

183 Newton's Laws of Motion, Forces in Motion and Simple Machines Unit Newton's Laws of Motion, Forces in Motion and Simple Machines Unit

184 Activity! Create a small Domino house at your table. (10 Dominoes) –Use a straw to blow a ping pong ball and then a golf ball from one edge of the table toward the house with as much force as you can generate. –Make two inferences about your mission in your journal that deals with Force.

185 Follow-Up (Domino House)

186 –The ping pong ball accelerated easily by blowing through the straw but bounced off of the domino house.

187 Follow-Up (Domino House) –The ping pong ball accelerated easily by blowing through the straw but bounced off of the domino house. –The golf ball required more force (blowing through straw) but once moving caused more damage to the domino house.

188 Newtons 2 nd Law Newtons 2 nd Law The relationship between an object's mass m, its acceleration a, and the applied force F is… The relationship between an object's mass m, its acceleration a, and the applied force F is… F = ma. F = ma. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy

189 Newtons 2 nd Law Newtons 2 nd Law The relationship between an object's mass m, its acceleration a, and the applied force F is… The relationship between an object's mass m, its acceleration a, and the applied force F is… F = MA F = MA Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy

190 Newtons 2 nd Law Newtons 2 nd Law The relationship between an object's mass m, its acceleration a, and the applied force F is… The relationship between an object's mass m, its acceleration a, and the applied force F is… F = ma F = ma Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy

191 Newtons 2 nd Law Newtons 2 nd Law The relationship between an object's mass m, its acceleration a, and the applied force F is… The relationship between an object's mass m, its acceleration a, and the applied force F is… F = ma F = ma Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy Newton’s Second Law: Learn more at…

192 Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy

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197 Who wins in a race from zero to 60km an hour with the same applied force? Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy

198 Who wins in a race from zero to 60km an hour with the same applied force? Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy

199 Laws of Motion and Simple Machines Unit Laws of Motion and Simple Machines Unit

200 Activity Video! Watch this clip with a wrecking ball and mini-van. –http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=uG3- ZE4sb3Mhttp://www.youtube.com/watch?v=uG3- ZE4sb3M –Write three sentences using force, mass, and acceleration. –Is this Real or Photoshop?

201 The net force on an object is equal to the mass of the object multiplied by its acceleration.The net force on an object is equal to the mass of the object multiplied by its acceleration. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy

202 The net force on an object is equal to the mass of the object multiplied by its acceleration.The net force on an object is equal to the mass of the object multiplied by its acceleration. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy

203 We can also re-arrange the equation into the form F/m=a. This enables us to calculate the acceleration a of an object of mass m subjected to a force F.We can also re-arrange the equation into the form F/m=a. This enables us to calculate the acceleration a of an object of mass m subjected to a force F. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy

204 We can also re-arrange the equation into the form F/m=a. This enables us to calculate the acceleration a of an object of mass m subjected to a force F.We can also re-arrange the equation into the form F/m=a. This enables us to calculate the acceleration a of an object of mass m subjected to a force F. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy

205 Force: To cause motion or change. –Newton: Amount needed to accelerate 1 kilogram of mass at the rate of 1 meter per second squared. Mass: Mass of the body in kilograms Acceleration: Meters per second per second Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy

206 Force: To cause motion or change. –Newton: Amount needed to accelerate 1 kilogram of mass at the rate of 1 meter per second squared. Mass: Mass of the body in kilograms Acceleration: Meters per second per second Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy

207 Force: To cause motion or change. –Newton: Amount needed to accelerate 1 kilogram of mass at the rate of 1 meter per second squared. Mass: Mass of the body in kilograms Acceleration: Meters per second per second Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy

208 Newton's Laws of Motion, Forces in Motion and Simple Machines Unit Newton's Laws of Motion, Forces in Motion and Simple Machines Unit

209 Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy Step by step, please record.

210 Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy

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217 Force Mass Acceleration

218 Force Mass Acceleration

219 Force Mass Acceleration Force = Mass X Acceleration (F= M X A), Unit is the Newton (N),

220 Laws of Motion and Simple Machines Unit Laws of Motion and Simple Machines Unit

221 The equation to find is… Force… Force = Mass X Acceleration Acceleration… Acceleration = Force ÷ Mass Mass…. Mass = Force ÷ Acceleration

222 The equation to find is… Force… Force = Mass X Acceleration Acceleration… Acceleration = Force ÷ Mass Mass…. Mass = Force ÷ Acceleration

223 The equation to find is… Force… Force = Mass X Acceleration Acceleration… Acceleration = Force ÷ Mass Mass…. Mass = Force ÷ Acceleration

224 The equation to find is… Force… Force = Mass X Acceleration Acceleration… Acceleration = Force ÷ Mass Mass…. Mass = Force ÷ Acceleration

225 The equation to find is… Force… Force = Mass X Acceleration Acceleration… Acceleration = Force ÷ Mass Mass…. Mass = Force ÷ Acceleration

226 Laws of Motion and Simple Machines Unit Laws of Motion and Simple Machines Unit

227 Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy Force Mass Acceleration Force = Mass X Acceleration (F= M X A), Unit is the Newton (N), Mass = Force ÷ Acceleration, (M = F ÷ A) Measured in kilograms (kg) Acceleration = Force ÷ Mass, Measured in meters per second (m/s)

228 Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy Force Mass Acceleration Force = Mass X Acceleration (F= M X A), Unit is the Newton (N), Mass = Force ÷ Acceleration, (M = F ÷ A) Measured in kilograms (kg) Acceleration = Force ÷ Mass, Measured in meters per second (m/s)

229 Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy Force Mass Acceleration Force = Mass X Acceleration (F= M X A), Unit is the Newton (N), Mass = Force ÷ Acceleration, (M = F ÷ A) Measured in kilograms (kg) Acceleration = Force ÷ Mass, Measured in meters per second (m/s)

230 Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy Force Mass Acceleration Force = Mass X Acceleration (F= M X A), Unit is the Newton (N), Mass = Force ÷ Acceleration, (M = F ÷ A) Measured in kilograms (kg) Acceleration = Force ÷ Mass, Measured in meters per second (m/s)

231 Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy Force Mass Acceleration Force = Mass X Acceleration (F= M X A), Unit is the Newton (N), Mass = Force ÷ Acceleration, (M = F ÷ A) Measured in kilograms (kg) Acceleration = Force ÷ Mass, Measured in meters per second (m/s)

232 Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy Force Mass Acceleration Force = Mass X Acceleration (F= M X A), Unit is the Newton (N), Mass = Force ÷ Acceleration, (M = F ÷ A) Measured in kilograms (kg) Acceleration = Force ÷ Mass, Measured in meters per second (m/s)

233 A go-cart with a mass of 500 kg including passengers accelerates from to a speed of 10 meters per second before crashing into a brick wall. F=ma –What was the force of this crash in newtons? Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy

234 A go-cart with a mass of 500 kg including passengers accelerates from to a speed of 10 meters per second before crashing into a brick wall. F=ma –What was the force of this crash in newtons? Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy

235 A go-cart with a mass of 500 kg including passengers accelerates from to a speed of 10 meters per second before crashing into a brick wall. F=ma –What was the force of this crash in newtons? Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy

236 A go-cart with a mass of 500 kg including passengers accelerates from to a speed of 10 meters per second before crashing into a brick wall. F=ma –What was the force of this crash in newtons? Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy

237 A go-cart with a mass of 500 kg including passengers accelerates from to a speed of 10 meters per second before crashing into a brick wall. F=ma –What was the force of this crash in newtons? Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy

238 A go-cart with a mass of 500 kg including passengers accelerates from to a speed of 10 meters per second before crashing into a brick wall. F=ma –What was the force of this crash in newtons? Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy

239 F = ma Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy

240 F = ma F = ? Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy

241 F = ma F = ? m = 500 kg Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy

242 F = ma F = ? m = 500 kg a = 10 m/s Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy

243 F = ma F = ? m = 500 kg a = 10 m/s F ? = 500 kg times 10m/s Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy

244 Answer: 5,000 newtons Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy

245 A leaf weighing 5 grams falls from a tree at a rate of 2 meters every second. What is the force of the leaf hitting the ground in newtons? Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy

246 Laws of Motion and Simple Machines Unit Laws of Motion and Simple Machines Unit

247 Video! Review! Newton’s 2nd Law of Motion in Space with ESA. –http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=WzvhuQ5R WJEhttp://www.youtube.com/watch?v=WzvhuQ5R WJE

248 Video Link! (Optional) Khan Academy –Newton’s Second Law of Motion –Advanced n-s-second-law-of-motion?playlist=Physicshttp://www.khanacademy.org/video/newto n-s-second-law-of-motion?playlist=Physics

249 3 rd Law 3 rd Law For every action there is an equal and opposite reaction. For every action there is an equal and opposite reaction. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy

250 3 rd Law 3 rd Law For every action there is an equal and opposite reaction. For every action there is an equal and opposite reaction. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy

251 3 rd Law 3 rd Law For every action there is an equal and opposite reaction. For every action there is an equal and opposite reaction. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy

252 3 rd Law 3 rd Law For every action there is an equal and opposite reaction. For every action there is an equal and opposite reaction. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy

253 3 rd Law 3 rd Law For every action there is an equal and opposite reaction. For every action there is an equal and opposite reaction. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy

254 Table Tennis: For every action, there is an equal and opposite reaction. (Optional) –How does this sport relate to Newton’s 3 rd Law? –http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=A8IVASo0u mU&feature=fvwrelhttp://www.youtube.com/watch?v=A8IVASo0u mU&feature=fvwrel

255 Activity Demonstration! Blast-Off –Safety Goggles Required. –Teacher breaks Alka-Seltzer into four pieces. –Teacher fills film canister ½ with water. –Teacher quickly drops in the Alka-Seltzer. tablet and snaps on film canister cap. –Teacher quickly places upside down on floor so all can see. Stand Back!

256 How did this demonstration relate to Newton’s 3 rd Law of Motion?

257 Action – Gases build in the canister until the pressure blasts the cap off. Action – Gases build in the canister until the pressure blasts the cap off.

258 How did this demonstration relate to Newton’s 3 rd Law of Motion? Action – Gases build in the canister until the pressure blasts the cap off. Action – Gases build in the canister until the pressure blasts the cap off. Reaction – The rocket is lifted in the opposite direction. Equal and opposite. Reaction – The rocket is lifted in the opposite direction. Equal and opposite. Snap! Energy

259 How did this demonstration relate to Newton’s 3 rd Law of Motion? Action – Gases build in the canister until the pressure blasts the cap off. Action – Gases build in the canister until the pressure blasts the cap off. Reaction – The rocket is lifted in the opposite direction. Equal and opposite. Reaction – The rocket is lifted in the opposite direction. Equal and opposite. POP

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261 Class Demo: Newton’s Cradle.

262 Activity! Simulating Newton’s Cradle. –Six students stand in a tight line with each other. –Teacher will gently push student at the end. –Volunteer student will catch the person at the front.

263 Video! Slip n’ Fly –http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=3wAjpMP5eyohttp://www.youtube.com/watch?v=3wAjpMP5eyo –Disprove the validity of this stunt using Newtons Third Law

264 Answer: This stunt is fake because when he hits the pool the water goes up instead of in the opposite direction from the force.

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266 Newton’s Laws of Motion Review Game

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268 Areas of Focus within The Motion and Machines Unit: Newton’s First Law, Inertia, Friction, Four Types of Friction, Negatives and Positives of Friction, Newton’s Third Law, Newton’s Second Law, Potential Energy, Kinetic Energy, Mechanical Energy, Forms of Potential to Kinetic Energy, Speed, Velocity, Acceleration, Deceleration, Momentum, Work, Machines (Joules), Catapults, Trajectory, Force, Simple Machines, Pulley / (MA Mechanical Advantage), Lever / (MA), Wedge / (MA), Wheel and Axle (MA), Inclined Plane / (MA), Screw / (MA) - Mousetrap Cars Areas of Focus within The Motion and Machines Unit: Newton’s First Law, Inertia, Friction, Four Types of Friction, Negatives and Positives of Friction, Newton’s Third Law, Newton’s Second Law, Potential Energy, Kinetic Energy, Mechanical Energy, Forms of Potential to Kinetic Energy, Speed, Velocity, Acceleration, Deceleration, Momentum, Work, Machines (Joules), Catapults, Trajectory, Force, Simple Machines, Pulley / (MA Mechanical Advantage), Lever / (MA), Wedge / (MA), Wheel and Axle (MA), Inclined Plane / (MA), Screw / (MA) - Mousetrap Cars Link to unit Laws of Motion and Simple Machines Unit Laws of Motion and Simple Machines Unit

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273 This PowerPoint is one small part of my Laws of Motion and Simple Machines entire unit that I offer on TpT This unit includes… A 3 Part 2,300+ Slide PowerPoint and student version. 15 Page bundled homework package and 11 pages of units notes that chronologically follow the PowerPoint 3 PowerPoint review games (150+ slides each), 20+ videos / Links, rubrics, games, activity sheets, and much more. Laws of Motion and Simple Machines Unit

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275 Please open the welcome / guide document on each unit preview. –This document will describe how to utilize these resources in your classroom and provide some curriculum possibilities.

276 Please visit the links below to learn more about each of the units in this curriculum and to see previews of each unit. –These units take me four busy years to complete with my students in grades Earth Science UnitsExtended Tour Link and Curriculum Guide Geology Topics Unit Astronomy Topics Unit Weather and Climate Unit Soil Science, Weathering, More Water Unit Rivers Unit = Easier = More Difficult = Most Difficult = Easier = More Difficult = Most Difficult 5 th – 7 th grade 6 th – 8 th grade 8 th – 10 th grade 5 th – 7 th grade 6 th – 8 th grade 8 th – 10 th grade

277 Physical Science UnitsExtended Tour Link and Curriculum Guide Science Skills Unit html Motion and Machines Unit Matter, Energy, Envs. Unit Atoms and Periodic Table Unit Life Science UnitsExtended Tour Link and Curriculum Guide Human Body / Health Topics DNA and Genetics Unit Cell Biology Unit Infectious Diseases Unit Taxonomy and Classification Unit Evolution / Natural Selection Unit Botany Topics Unit Ecology Feeding Levels Unit Ecology Interactions Unit Ecology Abiotic Factors Unit

278 Thank you for your time and interest in this curriculum tour. Please visit the welcome / guide on how a unit works and please link to the many unit previews to see the PowerPoint slideshows, bundled homework packages, review games, unit notes, and much more. Thank you again and please feel free to contact me with any questions you may have. Best wishes. Sincerely, Ryan Murphy M.Ed

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