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THE ITALIAN RENAISSANCE. WHY ITALY?  See Do Now from last week!  Northern Italy had WAY more cities than rest of Europe because of trade  Merchants.

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Presentation on theme: "THE ITALIAN RENAISSANCE. WHY ITALY?  See Do Now from last week!  Northern Italy had WAY more cities than rest of Europe because of trade  Merchants."— Presentation transcript:

1 THE ITALIAN RENAISSANCE

2 WHY ITALY?  See Do Now from last week!  Northern Italy had WAY more cities than rest of Europe because of trade  Merchants in these cities explored art and other pursuits after Bubonic plague  Merchants also dominated politics

3 FLORENCE AND THE MEDICIS  Among wealthiest families in all of Europe- merchants  Ruled Florence, often as dictators  Bankers to the Pope  Patrons of the arts  Donatello  Raphael  Michelangelo  Brought in materials from Greeks/Romans

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6 THE CHURCH’S ROLE  Became one of the biggest patrons of the arts- used to beautify city of Rome  Became more worldly- threw large banquets, wore expensive clothes, and bought mansions

7 ARTISTS  Michelangelo- realistic style with human body  Donatello- first nude since ancient times  Leonardo Da Vinci- Mona Lisa and Last Supper  Massacio- first to use linear perspective  Raphael- popularized perspective

8 WHAT IS PERSPECTIVE?  Vanishing Point  Horizon  Was used in classical times

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11 LITERATURE  It’s all about the vernacular  Why important?  For Italian Renaissance, that meant Italian

12 WRITERS  Petrarch- wrote sonnets- 14 line poems- mostly about a woman named Laura- in Latin and Italian  Boccaccio- Decameron- collection of tragic, comedic, and “off-color” stories about young people avoiding the plague  Castiliglione- The Courtier- “guidebook” on how to become a Renaissance man or woman  Machiavelli- The Prince- people are selfish and fickle, successful politicians must be shrewd and able to trick enemies and supporters; integrity not really important- sometimes you must mislead and lie  Wrote it for Medicis


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