Presentation on theme: "SPERM Causes Diagram Political Social EVENT Economic Religious"— Presentation transcript:
1SPERM Causes Diagram Political Social EVENT Economic Religious Military
2Trends and Triggers Causation Diagram LT/ST/T Causes DiagramTrends and Triggers Causation DiagramEVENTLong term causes or trends are bigger factors which build up over time.Triggers are those very severe events which set the event off. They feed on all the energy created by the other causes.Short term causes are those events which cause a build up of pressure before the event happens. They tend to quickly get more severe than the trends but they also feed into them.
3Significance Skittles Which was the more significant invention: mp3 player or mobile phone?Ordinary LifeWarPoliticsReligionEconomyWhich was the more significant event: September 11th or Credit Crunch?Society
4Significance at/over time Significance RipplesSignificance at/over timeSocietyEconomyPoliticsOver timeHow did the Norman Invasion have significance at the time and over time?What about the Crusades?At the time
5Significance 5Rs Remembered Results Remarkable Resonant Revealing Is it remembered?Who by?Where?RememberedWhat happened because of it?Good and Bad ResultsResultsHow was it seen at the time?Was it considered to be important or unusual in any way?RemarkableIs there any ways it is seen in our culture today?Does it form part of who we are today?Do people follow lessons or examples from it?ResonantCan it tell us about how people thought and acted at the time?Revealing
6Significance at/over time Source InferencesSignificance at/over timeFace value: The obvious message of the sourceSoldiers wore masksInferences: Reading deeper. What does it suggest?This suggests that gas was a weapon used during the war and that protection against it was primitive. Might suggest it is a new weaponMachine guns were usedThis might suggest that deaths were on a huge scale as machine guns can fire very fast. Might also suggest that munitions were in high demand.
7Significance at/over time CAPS Weight of EvidenceSignificance at/over timeCContext –what was happening at the time this was written? How might that affect the weight?AAudience – Who was intended to see this? How might that affect the weight of the evidence?PPurpose – What was the author setting out to do? Why might this affect the weight?SSupporting evidence – Does it fit with any other evidence you have? How does this affect the weight?We often use sources to help answer complex questions. However sources cannot just be used at “face value”. We need to carefully consider the PROVENANCE of sources and think about how this might affect their WEIGHT.
8Significance at/over time Diversity:Similarity & DifferenceSignificance at/over timeRich and poor?Men and women?All of this will help you to build a FULLER PICTURE of the past.Eg. Some people were uneducated in the Middle Ages. Women for example got little access to education. However other groups, especially members of the Church got access to a high standard of education which improved between 1100 and 1500 etc.Change over time?People in the Middle Ages were uneducatedOld and young?Different countries?
9Significance at/over time PETT Evaluating ChangeSignificance at/over timePPace – How fast were the changes happening?Rapid, gradual, consistently, inconsistently?EExtent – How big were the changes?Partial, significant, insignificant, total, revolutionary?TTurning Points – Are there any points where the nature of continuity or change alters?Trends – Over a long period of time was there a trend towards progress or regression?
10Significance at/over time CAPE Evaluating InterpretationsSignificance at/over timeContext: What was going on when this was written? What is the historian’s own background?Audience: Who is this intended for?Main Interpretation(Author’s Argument)Purpose: What has they set out to prove? What questions have they asked? What kind of historian are they?Evidence: What sort of evidence have they used?
11Presenting Your Findings Hamburger ParagraphsSignificance at/over timePresenting Your FindingsPresenting Your Findings
12Presenting Your Findings PEEL Writing StructurePresenting Your FindingsSignificance at/over timePresenting Your FindingsPPOINT– Make a clear point which answers the questionEEVIDENCE– What evidence can you give to support what you have saidEXPLAIN – Explain how this evidence proves the point you have madeLLINK – Clearly link to either more evidence or back to the questionIdeaIDevelopDEmbed EvidenceEExploreLinkL
13Presenting Your Findings Explaining (historically)Presenting Your FindingsPresenting Your FindingsSignificance at/over timeMAKE A POINTNOW THE LONG JOURNEY ON…THE EXPLAIN PLANEVISITEVIDENCE AIRPORTUNTIL YOUR POINT IS…FULLY EXPLAINED
14Presenting Your Findings Essay StructureSignificance at/over timePresenting Your FindingsIntroUse this to set the scene – give a little contextual detailDeal with any important terms in the questionSet out a hypothesis – it gives an idea of where your essay is goingMiddleHere you outline your main argumentsUse hamburger paragraphsMake sure each paragraph directly answers the question setPut your most important stuff firstConclusionBriefly sum up your main pointsUse all the evidence you have collected to make a balanced judgement about the questionDo not bring in new stuff here!!