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Presentation on theme: " Northeast Results of the 2013 BC Adolescent Health Survey."— Presentation transcript:

1 Northeast Results of the 2013 BC Adolescent Health Survey

2 2013 BC Adolescent Health Survey ▪Background ▪Physical health ▪Mental health ▪Substance use ▪Bullying, violence and abuse ▪School, work and leisure ▪Protective factors

3 Administration 2013 BC Adolescent Health Survey ▪29,832 surveys completed ▪1,645 classrooms ▪56 school districts ▪325 PHN’s and nursing students Northeast

4 Background

5 Youth in Northeast ▪59% reported European heritage ▪24% reported Aboriginal heritage ▪6% of students were born outside of Canada ▪71% of students spoke only English at home

6 Home life ▪94% of students lived with at least one parent ▪10% ran away from home in the past year ▪29% moved from one home to another ▪6% had ever lived in some type of government care, with 5% having ever lived in a foster home

7 Young carers Note: the difference between Northeast and BC for caring for a relative was not statistically significant.

8 Physical HealthPhysical Health

9 Most youth had seen a dentist in the past year Note: The difference between males and females who rated their health as poor was not statistically significant.

10 Health conditions and disabilities ▪35% of students had at least one health condition or disability ▪Females were almost twice as likely to report a mental health condition ▪For many the condition was debilitating

11 Sleep * The percentage should be interpreted with caution as the standard error was relatively high but still within a releasable range.

12 Nutrition ▪Most youth ate fruit or vegetables at least once on the day before the survey ▪Youth who ate fruit or vegetables three or more times reported better health ▪11% of youth went to bed hungry sometimes or often

13 Injuries and injury prevention ▪1 in 3 students were injured seriously enough to require medical attention ▪The majority of students wore a seat belt when riding in a motor vehicle (69%) ▪29% always wore a helmet when riding a bike

14 Concussions ▪20% of youth had a concussion in past year ▪Youth who wore a helmet were less likely to have a concussion ▪Almost one in five youth who suffered a concussion did not seek medical help

15 Body weight and body image Note: The difference between Northeast and BC for underweight was not statistically significant.

16 Sexual behaviour  31% of students ever had oral sex  27% ever had sexual intercourse  Most common age for first having sex was 14 or 15

17 Sexual behaviour Among all youth:  1% had ever been pregnant or caused a pregnancy  2% ever had an STI Among those who had ever had sex:  70% used a condom the last time they had sex  22% used drugs or alcohol last time they had sex

18 Mental HealthMental Health

19 Ratings of mental health

20 Mental health

21 Self-harm and suicide Males ▪9% self-harmed ▪10% considered suicide ▪6% attempted suicide Females ▪27% self-harmed ▪20% considered suicide ▪12% attempted suicide

22 Substance UseSubstance Use

23 Tobacco 33% had ever tried smoking. Among those: ▪29% first started smoking at 12 old or younger ▪37% started smoking at 15 or older ▪42%* smoked in the past month

24 Alcohol 60% had ever tried alcohol Among those: ▪68% first drank before turning 15 years old ▪37% had five or more drinks in a short time during the past month

25 Marijuana 31% had ever tried marijuana Among those: ▪68% first used it before turning 15 years old ▪46% had used it in the past month (below the provincial rate of 58%)

26 Substance use Substances other than alcohol and marijuana Prescription pills without a doctor’s consent 11% Mushrooms5% Ecstasy/MDMA4% Inhalants3% Cocaine3% Hallucinogens2%

27 Substance use Most common reasons for using substances the last time (among those who ever used alcohol or other drugs) I wanted to have fun 63% My friends were doing it30% I wanted to try it/experiment24% Because of stress22% I felt down or sad17% I felt like there was nothing else to do10% To manage physical pain 7% I was pressured into doing it 4% Other 18%

28 Bullying, violence and abuse

29 Bullying In the past year: ▪44% of students were teased to the point where they felt bad or extremely uncomfortable ▪39% were socially excluded ▪9% were physically attacked or assaulted

30 Perpetrators of bullying

31 Cyberbullying ▪18% of students were cyberbullied in past year ▪8% cyberbullied someone in past year ▪Females were 2 x as likely as males to report meeting someone online who made them feel unsafe

32 Discrimination Perceived reasons for being discriminated against in the past year Physical appearance 24% Being seen as different19% Gender/sex10% Age10% Race, ethnicity, or skin colour9% Income or family income9% Sexual orientation 8% A disability 5%

33 Physical and sexual abuse ▪16% of students were physically abused ▪11% of students were sexually abused ▪Females were more than 3 x as likely as males to have been sexually abused (18% vs. 5%)

34 School, work and leisure

35 School safety

36 Work

37 Physical activity

38 Barriers to participation ▪Being too busy ▪The activity was not available in their community ▪Could not get there or home ▪Could not afford to participate ▪Worried about being bullied

39 Technology ▪Not having phone linked to: –Feeling safe at school –Good or excellent mental health rating –Increased feelings of self-confidence ▪Cellphone use linked to: –Supportive adult outside family

40 Protective FactorsProtective Factors

41 Established Protective Factors  School connectedness  Positive family relationships  Caring adults outside the family  Someone to turn to for help

42 Established Protective Factors  Peer relationships  Good nutrition  Feeling engaged and valued  Stable home

43 Protective Factors 2013  8 or more hours of sleep  Neighbourhood safety  Community connectedness  Cultural connectedness

44 Most students reported their overall and mental health as good or excellent The majority of students felt good about themselves, had things they were good at, and had an adult in their community that cared about them Promoting protective factors have and can continue to play a key role in improving outcomes for students

45 56 school district data tables 16 HSDA reports Growing Up in BC Sexual health report Youth resources Using the Data


47 Next Steps ▪Youth-led projects and initiatives ▪ In Our Shoes ▪Bullying awareness video ▪

48 Grants up to $500 for youth-led projects

49 Discussing the results ▪Commentary on the AHS findings from: –Mary Ellen Turpel-Lafond, Representative for Children and Youth –Bob Lenarduzzi, President, Vancouver Whitecaps –And more! ▪Video on McCreary’s YouTube channelVideo on McCreary’s YouTube channel

50 Northeast Results of the 2013 BC Adolescent Health Survey

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