2Timeline Highlights Earliest evidence of humans about 7000 BCE Climate change between BCEpermanent housing1541 Europeans appear
3The Earliest PeopleThe Kansa believed the Great Spirit created humans.Oral Tradition- Stories passed from generation to generation.Artifacts- evidence of people.Migration- movement of people and animalsAdaptation- How people and animals change to suit their environments.
4MigrationBig Game Hunters- the earliest people to live in Kansas followed the large Ice Age animals as the glaciers pushed south. Little is known about these people. They did domesticate (tame) dogs.
5Adaptation and technology The change in climate forced the people and animals to change or become extinct.People exchange ideas that advance their lives. Some early changes probably came from the east like pottery for food storage and bows and arrows for hunting.They also began to grow their own food.
6Village FarmersAbout 800 years ago evidence shows that people began to live in permanent villages because of the way the houses were built. They grew corn, beans, squash, pumpkins, and sunflowers. They made tools from stone, bone, shells, and wood.
7Historic TribesTribes that lived in Kansas because we have written evidence of their existence. The earliest documents come from Coronado.
8Tribes on the PlainsFirst were Wichita, the Kansa, Osage, Pawnee, and Plains Apache.Later were Comanche, Kiowa, Kiowa, Apache, Arapaho and the Cheyenne.
9Horses and Buffalo Horses came from the Spanish in the southwest. Allowed better mobility for the Indians.
10Wichita and PawneeOral tradition tells that these tribes were related.HomesWichita built beehive grass lodges as permanent homes. Pawnee built round homes covered with dirt. Both used the tipi when hunting buffalo.Corn, squash, and pumpkins were grown and dried for food.
11Kansa and OsageOral tradition tells that these tribes might have once lived together.HomesBoth lived in log houses or wood framed houses because they were originally from the south east part of the country.Crops, clothing, and TraditionGrew the same crops as the other Indians. The Osage didn’t use the tipi, but used structures left along the “Black Dog Trail.”
12Nomadic Tribes: Cheyenne, Arapaho, Kiowa, Kiowa- Apache, and Comanche Nomadic- tribes that didn’t settle, but moved from place to place. Horses aided in their mobility.Lived in Tipis. Easy to moveWore animals skinsWould trade buffalo meats for other foodsUsed skins to keep records
13Interaction and Trade The horse brought more trade. As populations grew, conflicts between the people grew.