Presentation on theme: "11.3 SOCIAL AND CULTURAL TENSIONS. Compare economic and cultural life in rural America to that in urban America Discuss the changes in U.S. immigration."— Presentation transcript:
Compare economic and cultural life in rural America to that in urban America Discuss the changes in U.S. immigration policy in the 1920s Analyze the goals and motives of the KKK in the 1920s Discuss the successes and failures of the 18 th amendment OBJECTIVES
1920 census-more people lived in urban areas than in rural regions Split between urban and rural America Education becomes more important Ingredient for success Modernism Growing trend to emphasis science over secular values over traditional ideas about religion Fundamentalism Emphasized Protestant teachings and the belief that every word in the Bible was literal truth FIRST TIME FOR EVERYTHING
Fundamentalism and Modernism clash head-on John Scopes-Tennessee teacher who wanted to teach evolution to his science class Clarence Darrow-most celebrated defense attorney Scopes found guilty of breaking the law-fact that was never in question Fined $100 Each side still believed in the truth of its position SCOPES TRIAL 1925
THE BATTLE OVER EVOLUTION OPPONENTS OF DARWIN’S THEORIES SET UP SHOP AT THE OPENING OF THE FAMED “MONKEY TRIAL” IN DAYTON, TENNESSEE, IN 1925. THE TRIAL WAS AN EARLY BATTLE IN AN AMERICAN “CULTURE WAR” THAT IS STILL BEING WAGED MORE THAN SEVENTY-FIVE YEARS LATER.
Congress passed a law requiring immigrants to take a literacy test before WWI began Immigrants who could not read or write their own language were prohibited Emergency Quota Act 1921 Put quota on immigration from specific countries National Origins Act # of immigrants of a given nationality could not exceed 2% of the # living in the U.S. in 1890 Excluded most Asian immigrants RESTRICTING IMMIGRATION
THE ONLY WAY TO HANDLE IT ISOLATIONISTS AND NATIVISTS SUCCEEDED IN DAMMING UP THE FLOW OF IMMIGRANTS TO THE UNITED STATES IN THE EARLY 1920S. THE IMMIGRATION ACT OF 1924 PLACED STRICT QUOTAS ON EUROPEAN IMMIGRANTS AND COMPLETELY SHUT OUT THE JAPANESE.
Quota system did not apply to Mexico Settled in sparsely populated regions of the Southwest and contributed to economies Found work harvesting crops ion TX and CA Smaller number worked factories and farms in North and Midwest MEXICAN IMMIGRANTS
Targeted African Americans, Catholics, Immigrants, Jews, and suspected radicals Revived in 1915 from original KKK after Civil War to terrorize African Americans who sought to vote Burned crosses, boycotted businesses, and terrorized citizens in the darkness of night Wore masks, waved flags, preached hate and followed leaders-Grand Dragon and Imperial Wizard KKK-KU KLUX KLAN
KLANSWOMEN ON PARADE, 1928 FOUNDED IN THE RECONSTRUCTION ERA, THE KU KLUX KLAN ENJOYED A REMARKABLE RESURGENCE IN THE 1920S. HERE WOMEN MEMBERS, UNMASKED AND UNAPOLOGETIC, MARCH DOWN PENNSYLVANIA AVENUE UNDER THE SHADOW OF THE CAPITOL DOME.
NAACP and the Jewish Anti-Defamation League Embraced idea of racial, ethnic, religious, and cultural diversity Focused on positive aspect of “melting pot” Eventually, KKL never disappeared, but lost importance ANTI-KKK
18 th amendment– prohibited the manufacture, sale and transportation of alcoholic beverages on the U.S. Volstead Act-officially enforced the amendment Supporters “drys” argued that alcohol was the root of many problems Speakeasies-clubs or bars where liquor was sold illegally bootlegging-illegal sale or distribution of alcohol PROHIBITION
NO MORE MOONSHINE FEDERAL AGENTS GLOAT OVER A CAPTURED STILL IN DAYTON, OHIO, IN 1930. “MOONSHINERS,” OR MAKERS OF ILLEGAL LIQUOR, ENJOYED A BOOM DURING PROHIBITION, THOUGH ZEALOUS G-MEN (GOVERNMENT AGENTS) PUT THE OWNER OF THIS MAKESHIFT DISTILLERY OUT OF BUSINESS—AT LEAST TEMPORARILY.
GANGSTER AL CAPONE FISHING IN FLORIDA CAPONE MAY HAVE LOOKED LIKE ANY CHICAGO BUSINESSMAN ON VACATION, BUT HIS BUSINESS WAS BIGGER AND NASTIER THAN MOST, AS HE OFTEN ELIMINATED HIS COMPETITION BY MURDER. HE WAS REPORTED AS SAYING, “EVERYBODY CALLS ME A RACKETEER. I CALL MYSELF A BUSINESSMAN. WHEN I SELL LIQUOR, IT’S BOOTLEGGING. WHEN MY PATRONS SERVE IT ON A SILVER TRAY ON LAKE SHORE DRIVE, IT’S HOSPITALITY.” HE WAS FINALLY JAILED IN 1932 FOR FALSIFYING HIS INCOME TAX RETURNS.
Al Capone- Gangster who controlled Chicago with his small army of mobsters Sold alcohol Carried out violence against rival gangs Elliot Ness- Led group called the Untouchables Carried out raids against bootlegging Responsible for the conviction and arrest of Al Capone CRIME
Repealed the 18 th amendment Selling, manufacturing, and consuming of alcohol legal again 21 ST AMENDMENT