Presentation on theme: "Ms. Berry Social Studies 6 th Grade. If you had to divide up our American history into parts so it would be easier to remember, how would you do it?"— Presentation transcript:
Also known as the Age of Pyramids 2625 B.C. to 2130 B.C. Believed that after death they went to live with Amon-Re. “A staircase to heaven is laid out for him(the pharaoh) so that he may climb to heaven.”
First built step pyramids 2600 B.C. made pyramids with slanting sides Built for Pharaoh Khufu He wanted the largest pyramid ever built for his tomb
Craft-Workers had very important jobs Builders, stonecutters, carpenters and artists all took part in tombs and temples Worked for 10 days and had 1 day of rest
Women wore long dresses of linen Men wore short knee-length skirts Jewelry and make-up and wigs were worn by wealthy
Usually in charge of the household Did not have positions in the government Some were Priestesses Many were weavers; could earn a lot of money Allowed to own property and had full legal rights
Seen as gifts from god Often seen in artworks playing games such as leapfrog, tug of war, and wrestling Education started at an early age Boys learned a trade from their father Girls learned weaving and how to care for household from their mother Upper class children were only ones that learned writing, math, and reading.
What role did women have in Ancient Egypt? How did it compare to other cultures we have learned about? What about learning for children? How does it compare to other cultures?
1980 B.C. to 1630 B.C. Prior to this there was chaos and civil war. Dynasty 12 is high point of this time period Ruler was Pharaoh Amenemhet Expanded on trade such as gold, ivory, spices, cedar, and pine wood Distinct social classes were established
1 st - Pharaoh-thought to be a god 2 nd - Nobles and Priests- owned land and controlled temples 3 rd - Craftworkers, Merchants, Scribes 4 th - Farmers- built during Inundation (flooding) 5 th - Slaves- usually prisoners of war; able to earn freedom
Pharaoh Sesostris III Reorganized the government Created a bureaucracy- a network of appointed government officials These new governors reported to the Pharaoh’s vizier- advisor to pharaoh This gave the Pharaoh greater control of the government
100 years Egypt was controlled by Hyksos Introduced new weapons to Egypt Horse drawn chariot and composite bow
How did the government change during the Middle Kingdom?
Story of the Egyptian Gods https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=c6FcCeG M2-c https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=c6FcCeG M2-c Let’s share what you learned.
Pharaoh Ahmose of Dynasty 18 defeated the Hyksos 1520 B.C. to 30 B.C. Egypt had it’s first full time army Protected Egypt and conquered lands Borders were expanded as far as the Euphrates River by Pharaoh Thutmose and his son Thutmose II
Wife of Pharaoh Thutmose II Only woman in Egypt to take all titles of Pharaoh She ruled from 1479 to 1458 She dressed as a Pharaoh and even wore a false beard Her son, Thutmose III, had many of her statues destroyed after he came to power https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=9sE9E9jATRM
Sent trading expeditions south into Punt (modern day Ethiopia), expanding trade routes Sent armies into Nubia and Southwestern Asia; conquering farther lands than any other ruler before her
Pharaoh that followed Hatshepsut Her stepson He destroyed all of her statues and wall paintings
No longer built pyramids Mummies were now placed in the caves of the Valley of the Kings
1353 BC Amenhotep IV came to power Wife was Nefertiti Focused on worship of one god- monotheism So devoted that he changed his name to Akenaton meaning servant of the sun god Aton Ordered that everyone follow the one god Destroy other gods and temples
9 year old boy Advisors forced him to restore polytheism Died at age 18 Tomb was discovered completely untouched in 1922 by British archeologist Howard Carter Took 10 years to remove all the artifacts- 3,500 pieces Curse of King Tut https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=6Xv8dCI Wi6w https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=6Xv8dCI Wi6w
730 B.C. – Nubians took control of Egypt for 50 years Assyrians defeated the Nubians 664 B.C.- Assyrians ruled Egypt for 100 years 332 B.C.- Alexander the Great made Egypt part of his Greek empire 30 B.C.- Romans took control 395 A.D.- Egyptians began to adopt Christian beliefs