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POMPEII AND HERCULANUEM

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Presentation on theme: "POMPEII AND HERCULANUEM"— Presentation transcript:

1 POMPEII AND HERCULANUEM
Food and Dining Clothing 1.

2 FOOD AND DINING 2.

3 TRICLINIUM, DINING ROOM
•Poor Romans ate sitting at a wooden table, on wooden stools or, if they were slaves, they just sat on the floor or on a straw mat. •Rich people, at least when they had company, ate in a more formal way, lying down on couches around a table. Often had several dining rooms to choose from: cold-weather dining rooms faced west to take advantage of the warm afternoon sun, and warm-weather rooms faced east or north in order to remain shaded for most of the day. Many of the larger houses also had outdoor dining areas with a pergola to shade the diners and usually a fountain nearby. Diners wore brightly coloured dinner suits called cenatoria. The classical Roman dining arrangement consisted of three large couches each of which seated three people. The host sat at the end of the leftmost couch and the guest of honour sat at the left of the middle couch. The food was served in bite-sized pieces, and diners ate from small plates placed on a ledge in front of them, using spoons or their fingers. 3.

4 OVERVIEW: DINING IN POMPEII AND HERCULANUEM
Dining took place in the Triclinium The wealthy ate lying down on couches around a table The host sat at the end of the leftmost couch and the guest of honour sat at the left of the middle couch. The food was served in bite-sized pieces, and diners ate from small plates placed on a ledge in front of them, using spoons or their fingers. The poor Poor Romans ate sitting at a wooden table on wooden stools or, if they were slaves, they just sat on the floor or on a straw mat. 4.

5 CONTAINERS:http://en. wikipedia. org/wiki/File:Garumamphoren
CONTAINERS:http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Garumamphoren.JPG BREAD:http://museumvictoria.com.au/melbournemuseum/discoverycentre/pompeii/ 5.

6 6. CARBONISED FOOD FOUND IN POMPEII AND HERCULANUEM
(13) Carbonized onion bulbs from Herculaneum (14) Carbonized garlic clove from Herculaneum (15) Carbonized fig (16) Carbonized Capri fig showing seed cavities (17) Carbonized chestnuts 6.

7 (1 & 2) Wall painting showing fruit (3) Eggs (4) A loaf of bread (5) Walnuts (6) Sausage (7) Bones of small animals (8) Cake (9) Carbonised fruit including grapes, pears and figs. 7.

8 OVERVIEW: FOOD IN POMPEII AND HERCULANUEM
Garum was made by the crushing and fermentation in brine of the intestines of fish . It was mixed with wine, vinegar, pepper, oil, or water to enhance the flavor of many dishes. Bread was eaten with fruit at breakfast, at lunch and dinner dipped in olive oil or used to sop up sauces and stews. Food of all sorts was usually boiled, smoked, fried or baked and either seasoned with fish sauce or wine. Foods included: Dates, figs, pomegranates, prunes, almonds, chestnuts, walnuts, olives, myrtle berry’s, bread, pork, beef, lamb, goat, rabbit, oysters, squid, fish, prawns, clams, pigeons, ducks, chickens, apples, grapes, plums, pears, cabbage, turnips, truffles, cucumber, leeks. Elaborate meals consisted of 3 parts, Entrée, Main, Dessert. Simple meals consisted of Bread, cheese, nuts and salad . 8.

9 CLOTHING

10 Pompeii, paul wilkinson, published 2003 by BBC books.

11 equestrian tunic (tunica angusticlavia)
basic tunic (tunica) equestrian tunic (tunica angusticlavia) senatorial tunic (tunica laticlavia)

12 OVERVIEW: CLOTHING IN POMPEII AND HERCULANUEM
Clothing was made from either wool or linen. Men wore a loincloth, with a linen shift underneath a tunic, which was belted and reached the knees. The toga was worn outdoors by officials and the upper classes. Women wore ashift and a tunic, or stola, down to the ankles. Over this, a palla covered the head. Both sexes wore sandals or slippers The colour of the toga was significant, marking differences in age and status. Off-white colour worn by adult male citizens. Off-white toga with a broad purple border, curule magistrates. Toga made of dark-colured wool worn during periods of mourning. Artificially whitened toga worn by candidates for political office. Purple toga embroidered with gold thread worn by a victorious general during a triumphal parade and later adopted by emperors for state occasions.

13 Bibliography: 1. http://www. pompeii-food-and-drink. org/garum
Bibliography: 1.http://www.pompeii-food-and-drink.org/garum.htm, Copyright ©2009 Pompeii-Food-and-Drink.org. All rights reserved. 2.http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Garumamphoren.JPG, This page was last modified on 28 October 2009 at 05: Secrets of vesuvius by Kate cameron and jennifer lawless published 2006 by Nelson Australia Pty Limited.jpeg 4. Pompeii, paul wilkinson, published 2003 by BBC books. 5.http://www.historyforkids.org/learn/romans/architecture/houses/triclinia.htm, Copyright Dr. Karen Carr, Associate Professor of History, Portland State University. This page last updated Thursday, Jan 15, Book: Pompeii and Herculaneum, Interpreting the evidence, Brian Brennan and Estelle Lazer. Published 2005 by Ancient History Seminars. 7.http://museumvictoria.com.au/melbournemuseum/discoverycentre/pompeii/ 8.http://www.vroma.org/~bmcmanus/clothing.html 9.http://www.utexas.edu/courses/romanciv/Romancivimages17/carbonizedfood.jpg 10.http://museumvictoria.com.au/melbournemuseum/discoverycentre/pompeii/

14 THE END 


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