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Native American Indians

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Presentation on theme: "Native American Indians"— Presentation transcript:

1 Native American Indians
by Ms. Eaves's 2008 Fourth Graders

2 Algonquian Indians Mahaley & Megan

3 Habitat They lived in the southeast part of New York state.
They lived in wigwams.

4 Clothing They made most of their clothes with elk and deer hides.

5 Food The algonquins ate things that they hunted and things that they fished. Examples are fish, bear, beaver, moose and deer. They also used animals skins as clothes so they could keep warm.

6 Customs All the children's clothing was made of young deer hide, smoked, or washed. In case of illness, the children were dressed in pure white deerskins and unsmoked. White chased the evil spirit away. A newborn child was also dressed in pure white deerskins.

7 Habitat The Algonquins are original natives of southern Quebec and eastern Ontario, in Canada.

8 Transportation The Algonquin Indian tribe was famous for their birchbark canoes.

9 Apache By Lori and Carrington

10 Habitat They lived in Mexico and deserts . They had two houses .

11 Houses Women build the houses . They are called wickiups .

12 Clothing They dress from deer hide. Men wear breech clothes.

13 Customs Great Spirit was sent mountain spirits to show the Apache how to live a good life. The mountain spirits called Ganhs taught the Apaches many ceremonies and chants to overcome disease. Apaches acted out the Gahns and performed ceremonial dances to bring them back The Apaches believed the dancers could absorb illnesses in a wand and blow it away with the wind as the dancers moved.

14 Apache Food They didn’t farm women gathered nuts, seeds, berries, and fruit. Men hunted buffalo, deer, and small game.

15 Tool and weapons Apache used Bayonets, Bow and Arrows, War Clubs, Shields, and Slings...

16 Art The women packed all their possession each time they traveled to a new home in baskets. The baskets could hold heavy loads. They hung the baskets across their backs and shoulders. The baskets were made from different plants, reeds, and herbs. The Apache mainly used yucca leaves, willow reeds, or juniper bark. Flowers from plants was used to make dyes for painting designs on the baskets. They Apaches used the coiling and twining technique

17 Famous Apache Geronimo ( )     

18 Cherokee Bryson And Evan

19 Habitat The Cherokees are original residents of the American southeast region, Georgia, North & South Carolina, Virginia, Kentucky, & Tennessee. They lived in valleys or mountains.

20 Housing The Cherokee Indians lived in settled villages, usually located near a river. Cherokee houses were made of river cane and plaster, with thatched roofs.

21 Clothing Cherokee men wore breechcloths & leggings.
Cherokee women wore dresses made out of woven fiber or deerskin. The Cherokees wore moccasins on their feet.

22 Food The Cherokees were farming people. Cherokee women harvested crops of corn, beans, squash, and sunflowers. They also gathered berries, nuts and fruit to eat. Cherokee men hunted deer, wild turkeys, and small game and fished in the rivers.

23 Famous Cherokee Sequoyah
Sequoyah was a very brilliant man. He invented a writing system for Cherokee that is still used today.

24 Tools And Weapons Cherokee hunters used bows & arrows or blowguns to shoot game. Fishermen generally used spears and fishing poles. Warriors fired arrows or fought with a melee weapon like a tomahawk or spear.

25 Art Traditional Cherokee art included pipe carving, rivercane baskets, gourd art, & pottery.

26 Inuit Samuel & Nick

27 Habitat Used 2 different kinds of homes
Igloo made of ice blocks in winter Tent made of caribou skins in summer

28 Clothing Inuits wore fur and leather clothing, and boots.

29 Food Because Inuit live in places where most plants cannot grow, the traditional diet consisted of almost entirely meat. Inuit fished and hunted to get their food. Whales, walruses, seals, fish were staples of their diet.

30 Customs The Arctic people are closely connected to nature. Their tradition believes that every being has a spirit and must be treated with respect.

31 Tools and Weapons The Inuit used several kinds of harpoons and spears. Large harpoons were used to hunt the walrus. Smaller spears were used for hunting small animals and birds.

32 Inuit people made soapstone carvings.
Art Work Inuit people made soapstone carvings.

33 Transportation

34 Iroquois Kaylee and Jonathan

35 Habitat They lived in New York in villages.

36 Housing They lived in longhouses.

37 Clothing They made their own clothes out of skins.
The women wore skirts and leggings. The men wore leather moccasins.

38 Food They were farmers.

39 Customs The Iroquois were made up of a lot of groups of Indians.

40 Tools and Weapons The men used or made tools and weapons.

41 Art They made masks to keep away evil spirits.

42 Navajo Indians Makayla & Sadie

43 Habitat The Navajo Indians lived in the southwest.

44 Housing The Navajo Native Americans lived in hogans.
Male hogan Female hogan

45 Clothing They made their clothing out of rabbit skin and yucca plants.

46 Food They eat foods such as head and blood sausage and wild game like rabbit and deer and much more.

47 Coyotes and bears are rarely killed by the Navajo, who prefer to have the white man do the killing.  This is in compliance with their belief that these animals represent gods of the native religion.   When a baby laughs for the first time, it is given a small gift, and a little feast is prepared for the family.  This will cause the child to be friendly and generous throughout life.   A crow flying over the hogan announces illness or bad luck.   When meeting another person with the same name, it is considered bad luck to repeat that name.   Superstitions

48 Plains Indians Ryan & Brian

49 Mississippi River, Rocky Mountains, Canada, Mexico
Habitat Mississippi River, Rocky Mountains, Canada, Mexico

50 Housing Plains Indians live in tepees.

51 Plains Clothing Buffalo hides Deer skin

52 Food Buffalo, Elk, Antelope

53 Customs Buffalo bones Rope Dog sleds Buffalo hides Shields

54 Tools & Weapons Paddles Horses

55 Art Plains Indians’ Paintings

56 Famous Plains Indians Chiefs

57 Pueblo Indians By Tiffany & Lexie

58 Housing Pueblo people lived in adobe houses known as pueblos, which are multi-story house complexes made of adobe (clay and straw baked into hard bricks) and stone.

59 Clothing The men dress in breech clothes and leggings..

60 Food The Pueblo Indians were farming people. They raised corn, beans, squash, and sunflowers, as well as cotton and tobacco. The men hunted deer, antelope, and small game. Women gathered nuts, fruits, and herbs.

61 Where they live The Pueblo are natives of the Southwest deserts, particularly New Mexico.

62 Transportation Pueblo Indians weren't coastal people, and rarely traveled by river. Originally they just walked. Pueblos used dogs pulling travois (a kind of drag sled) to help them carry heavy loads. Once Europeans brought horses to America, the Pueblo Indians rode them.

63 Art

64 Seminoles Brandon & Austin

65 Habitat The Seminoles lived in the southeast mainly in Florida.

66 Housing They lived in something called a chickee.

67 Clothing They dressed in plant fibers.

68 Food They eat corn, squash, peanuts, sweet potatoes and melons.
Also wild animals, deer, rabbits, and alligators.

69 Customs The Green Corn Dance is part of the Seminole’s Customs. This marks the end of the old year and the beginning of a new year.

70 Transportation They used dugout canoes.

71 Art

72 Famous Seminole Osceola
Osceola was a famous warrior.

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