Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Presentation is loading. Please wait.

The Middle Ages Introduction & Project Review Announcements Today: Transition from the Anglo-Saxon period to the middle ages Wednesday & Thursday: Lab.

Similar presentations


Presentation on theme: "The Middle Ages Introduction & Project Review Announcements Today: Transition from the Anglo-Saxon period to the middle ages Wednesday & Thursday: Lab."— Presentation transcript:

1

2 The Middle Ages Introduction & Project Review

3 Announcements Today: Transition from the Anglo-Saxon period to the middle ages Wednesday & Thursday: Lab to research and write about an aspect of the middle ages Friday: Paragraph due and food or entertainment due for our feast

4 Today’s Objectives Discuss and understand the take-aways from the Anglo-Saxon period Get a broad overview of the Middle Ages Review the requirements for your research project on the Middle Ages

5 Intro Questions Review your half sheet from yesterday -characteristics of Beowulf & Anglo- Saxon people -answer to what Grendel could represent and the message of the story Discuss your answers to yesterday’s final two questions: 1.Rather than just an actual monster, what could the monster “Grendel” represent in people’s lives? 2.How does the writer encourage people to face the “Grendel’s” in their lives?

6 Anglo-Saxon vs. Medieval Periods Discuss your answers to the following questions with a neighbor. -How did the middle ages differ from the Anglo-Saxon period? -What do you think we can learn by studying the middle ages?

7 Let’s learn more!

8 Research & Paragraph Writing People & Society Architecture & Tools Religion Wars Arts & Entertainment Language

9 Both Wednesday and Thursday Research some food or entertainment that was popular during the middle ages. Write a clear T-E-A paragraph describing the food and entertainment, supporting your paragraph with data from reliable sources. -Cite your sources using MLA format Come in with food or entertainment on Friday to contribute to our feast

10 Medieval Research Jigsaw Project People & Society Architecture & Tools Religion Wars Arts & Entertainment Language

11 Next Week Work as a group to examine wars, people & society, arts & entertainment, religion, architecture or tools, and language.

12 Jigsaw Project Requirements Each group will: -Research the assigned topic -Create an informative PowerPoint Information slides with graphics, sounds, web links & resources Slides with a review quiz Slide(s) with bibliography -Present the PowerPoint to the class

13 Jigsaw Project Requirements Each individual will create: -At least five PowerPoint slides with important information about your topic for your group -At least two slides with a review question for the group’s quiz -MLA formatted works cited page Groups will compile each individual’s slides to complete their PowerPoint, compile the works cited into a works cited page, and create a guided notes handout for the class

14 Middle Ages Overview Let’s see an example…

15 Middle Ages Overview Wars: Norman conquest People & Society: Feudal system Religion: Catholic Church Architecture & Tools: cathedrals & castles Arts & Entertainment: tapestries & literature Language: Middle English

16 The Norman Conquest Middle Ages dates from about 1066 to 1450 Started in 1066 with the Norman Conquest William “the Conqueror,” Duke of Normandy (which is now France) conquered Harold, the king of England The Norman kings spent much of their time in France and other parts of Europe, managing England from afar

17 Feudal System In 1066, after the war, William created a great shift in land ownership. He deeded large plots of land to those who fought faithfully with him in battle. Nobody owned the land independently—only as a vassal of an overlord (some great noble or the king) These landlords essentially paid “rent” to the overlords through military service.

18 Feudal System Most people lived on the manor— small communities consisting of a castle, church, village and surrounding farmland They first farmed and then herded sheep for wool Later on, merchants arose and formed guilds (societies to regulate prices and standards)

19 Clothing Upper class… -men wore bright colors, hose and a jacket -women wore flowing gowns and elaborate headdresses Peasants… -men wore stockings or tunics -women wore long gowns and wimples to cover their hair

20 The Church The Catholic Church reigned supreme People were unified by having them share religious beliefs— everyone belonged to the Christian community The church was the main center for learning and the arts

21 Architecture With the prosperity of the people, English turned to the building of large cathedrals Some took hundreds of years to build -Yorkminster began in 1070 and was finished in 1472! Guilds were founded for the workers (stone cutters, masons, carpenters, etc.)

22 Arts & Literature The Anglo-Normans during the Middle Ages were artistic Created beautiful tapestries Monks created illustrated manuscripts They loved songs, ballads, and romantic literature

23 Arts & Literature Their literature told the tales of chivalry, wonders and marvels including fairy enchantments, giants, dragons, wizards, and sorceresses -King Arthur and his knights They also began to have drama which began in churches and were based on biblical stories

24 Language The language spoken during this time is known as Middle English It is closer to our Modern English than was the Anglo- Saxon Old English Some of the variety and complexity of Old English was lost—the language became simplified The Norman Conquest also introduced French vocabulary into the language

25 Language Sample Here’s a selection of the prologue to Chaucer’s Canterbury Tales read in Middle English.

26 Summary So, the Medieval times were times of… -Norman rulers & feudal system -Cathedrals and the Catholic Church -Art, poetry and beauty -Middle English—slowly transforming to our Modern English we speak today

27 Stop! Quiz Time!

28 Review Quiz Historians date the beginning of the Middle Ages to… a)1600 b)1066 c)1000 d)1200

29 Review Quiz The Norman Conquest was when ________________ conquered Harold, the king of England a)William the Conqueror b)Henry V c)Prince Edward of France d)Alexander the Great

30 Review Quiz The Norman Conquest was when ________________ conquered Harold, the king of England a)William the Conqueror b)Henry V c)Prince Edward of France d)Alexander the Great

31 Church Quiz By checking out these photos, which famous Medieval church was not structurally sound and collapsed? A. B. D.C. Chartres—Began in 1194 A.D. Notre Dame—Began in 1634 A.D. Beauvais—began in 1225 A.D. Canterbury—began in 1067 A.D.

32 Answer Beauvais The cathedral at Beauvais (St. Peter) was built on the site of two tenth-century churches. Parts of one of these older churches have been preserved next to the present cathedral. This, a building of immense proportions, was begun in 1247, and the choir was completed in 1272. Beauvais, coming as it did toward the end of a frenzy of cathedral building, was built to have the highest nave of any Gothic cathedral of the time (well over twice the height of a five-storyed office building). The architect fulfilled his goal, and Beauvais towered above worshippers with its 157 foot nave. Unfortunately, in under a century, in the year 1284, the roof vaulting fell in. When rebuilding began, the piers were doubled everywhere but in the apse. In 1374, when the choir was complete, work was suspended. It was not taken up again until 1500 and in 1548 the south transept was erected. Unfortunately, the central tower collapsed in 1573. The nave was never rebuilt. The town was destroyed during World War II and the cathedral was damaged.

33 Clothing Quiz #1 Who wore this hat? A.Monk B.Noblewoman C.Nun D.Peasant E.Warlord Linen head warmers

34 Answer #1 Benedictine Monks! -They wore this to keep their heads warm during cold winter nights. Linen head warmers

35 Clothing Quiz #2 Who wore this hat? A.Monk B.Noblewoman C.Nun D.Peasant E.Warlord Straw or felt hat

36 Answer #2 Peasants! -They wore straw hats in summer and felt hats in all weather. During the rain the hat could be reversed to allow the rain to run off. Straw or felt hat

37 Clothing Quiz #3 Who wore this hat? A.Monk B.Noblewoman C.Nun D.Peasant E.Warlord Visored bassinet

38 Answer #3 Warlords! -This pointed helmet was worn by fully armored knights in the 14th century. The lower section was made of chain mail and provided protection for the neck, throat, and shoulders. Visored bassinet

39 Clothing Quiz #4 Who wore this hat? A.Monk B.Noblewoman C.Nun D.Peasant E.Warlord Wimple

40 Answer #4 Nuns! -This was a mantle with a covering at the forehead, worn by married ladies and nuns. Some also wore gorgets, covering their throats and necks. Wimple

41 Clothing Quiz #5 Who wore this hat? A.Monk B.Noblewoman C.Nun D.Peasant E.Warlord Butterfly

42 Answer #5 Noblewomen! -This was an arrangement of wire frame with a handkerchief covering that made it look like butterfly's wings. These were worn by noblewomen, as were heart-shaped headdresses, steeple caps and turbans. Buttterfly

43 Medicine Quiz #1 Time to diagnose and cure patients like Medieval doctors. I’ll give you your patient’s description and you select the proper “cure”. Your patient has black and blue blotches all over her body. You are fairly certain it is the plague. What treatment do you prescribe? A. Apply sterile egg whites. B. Give the patient an herbal mix. C. Swaddle the patient and shave the sign of the cross into her head.

44 Medicine Answer #1 Herbal Mix! -Most medieval medicines were "simples" made of herbal ingredients, which were taken raw or in teas. One medicine that apothecaries (forerunners of chemists and pharmacists) dispensed was called "treacle" (theriac). Treacle was considered a cure-all. It was said to prevent internal swellings, cure fevers, unblock internal stoppages, alleviate heart problems, epilepsy, and palsy, get rid of blemishes, induce sleep, improve digestion, strengthen limbs, heal wounds, remedy snake bites, cure prolapsed uteruses, and cure the plague. The formula for treacle stems from a recipe developed by the Greek physician Galen and includes more than 60 ingredients, including the roasted skin of vipers. It took 40 days to make and 12 years to mature.

45 Medicine Quiz #2 Your patient has taken to his bed with chills, a fever, and a terrible headache. When you examine him, you find pimple-like spots covering his skin. Your diagnosis is smallpox, a contagious disease common in your time. How will you treat this patient? A.Soak a piece of linen in a mixture of peony root and rose oil and apply it to the affected areas. B.Have the patient eat chicken broth C.Wrap the patient in red cloth and drape red hangings around his bed.

46 Medicine Answer #2 Hang red cloth! -Draping colored cloths from the bed and around a person infected with smallpox was a treatment that may have been related to magic and witchcraft. Or it could have been related to that fact that smallpox patients suffered from photophobia--the colored cloths may have protected them from the light. -Black magic, the occult, witchcraft, and necromancy (the last derived from the ancient Egyptians) were used both as remedies and as means of creating illnesses, even death. However, anyone engaging in these practices could be tried, imprisoned, or executed.

47 Review Quiz The main language spoken in England during the Middle Ages is known as _________.

48 Works Cited Baragona, S. Alan. "Baragona's Medieval Drama Page." 8 Feb. 2007. Viginia Military Institute. 19 July 2007. Getty Images. 19 July 2007. Gorman, Benjamin. "Medieval Life: Squires, Maidens and Peasants." Yale- New Haven Teachers Institute. Yale University. 19 July 2007. "Middle Ages" Wikipedia. 19 July 2007.


Download ppt "The Middle Ages Introduction & Project Review Announcements Today: Transition from the Anglo-Saxon period to the middle ages Wednesday & Thursday: Lab."

Similar presentations


Ads by Google