Good Day Take out a piece of paper for a warm-up and your packet 1. Warm-up #1-7 2. Review the 5 Pillars of Islam 3. Review the timeline on Muhammad
1.If you believe in Islam you are called a _____. 2.What do people who follow Islam call their god? 3.What is an Islamic house of worship called? 4.Who is the founder of the Islam religion? 5.What is their holy book called? 6.What do they believe about their founder? 7.What do they believe about the other monotheistic religions? 1.Muslims 2.Allah 3.Mosque 4.Muhammad 5.Koran 6.He is the final prophet 7.They are partially correct and/or people of the book
Profession of Faith Arabic Name: Shanada Meaning: -Muslims profess their acceptance of Muhammad as the final prophet.
Daily prayer Arabic Name: –Salat Meaning: -Muslims must pray five times a day facing Mecca
Almsgiving Arabic Name: Zakat Meaning: —giving aid to the poor
Ritual Fast Arabic Name: Sawm Meaning —During the month of Ramadan Muslims fast from dawn to dusk
The Pilgrimage Arabic Meaning: Hajj Meaning — Belief that every Muslim must take a holy trip to Mecca at least once in this/her lifetime. —Muslims are encouraged to do this, but if they can not afford to travel they are forgiven. |
What are your impressions of the Five Pillars of Islam?
Timeline Create a timeline on Muhammad http://shuhistory.wikispaces.com/ B.C.E. -Before the Christian era C.E.—Christian ere
570 birth 576 Mother dies and he becomes an orphan and he live w/ his grandfather 578 Abd al Muttalib, grandfather, dies and he moves in with his uncle, Abu Talib 578-582-raises goats/sheep
582-begins career as a caravan trader 590-595-meets,works, and marries Khadija 595-610-Years of Meditation 610-1 st revelation form the angel Gabriel 613-2 nd revelation from the angel Gabriel; Muhammad begins public ministry
613-616-only 40 members follow his teaching 615-622 Years of persecution 619-Uncle dies 620-Khadija dies 619-620-Years of Sorrow 621-Al Israa and al-Miraajia 622-Hegira—The Flight from Mecca to Medina; this marks the beginning of Islam and Islamic Calendar 622-630—”Years of Conflict” with the Meccans -- Islam spreads 630—M’s army conquers Mecca -M destroys the idols in the Kaaba and rededicates it to Allah
The Life of Muhammad 632-M’ last Hajj 632—M dies
Page 8 Abudallah dies before M was born (died before he was born) Aminah his Mother dies when M was 6 (died when he was 6) Nicknames: –AL Ameen—means trusted one –Messenger of God Raised by his grandfatther Abd al Muttalib until he was 8
At age 8 he was sent to live with Abu Talib and Fatima. –Who were his uncle and aunt M marries Khadija in 595 Qasim-son--dies Abdullah—son--dies Zainab-daughter Ruqayyah-daughter Umm Kuthum-daughter Fatima
Wives after Khadija 620-sawdah (50) 620 A’ishah (?) was his good friend Abu Bakr’s daughter Mariah It is believed that he had a fourth wife but the name is questionable
M’s lifestyle at his death M died with little possessions. In fact, Muhammad had little possessions and many days he and his wives went hungry.
Origins of the Qu’ran Angel Gabriel recited the chapters or surahs to Muhammad over the course of 23 years As Surahs were revealed to M, new surahs he told his followers In 633 Abu Bakr Had the 114 chapters/surahs written down into a book called the Qu’ran
Muslims’ beliefs about the Qu’ran The Qu’ran is the word sent directly from The Qu’ran is only written and read in The word Qu’ran means What do faithful Muslims do with the Qu’ran God Arabic Recite They memorize and learn to recite it
Surahs Arranged by length Titles come form The subject they treat or Incorporate a unique Phrase taken from A passage Longer surahs come 1 st Deal with Early history Of Islam and Set forth laws And principles For good order of the community Shorter surahs come 2 Deal with Early history and basic beliefs Of Muslim faith
Hadith or Are based on the reports sayings actions & Of Muhammad Isnad Matn is List of people who Handed down the Hadith from Generation to generation Is the main text that reports What Muhammad did or said
covers Every aspect of Muslim life Which are Faith, religious practices, business transactions, food, Clothing, behavior, marriage, and much more Muslims strive to make their lives like Muhammad Qu’ran Hadith Using As their guides
These 2 books provide the basis of Islamic authority, called the Sunnah