Presentation on theme: "To know what we know, and know what we do not know, is wisdom."— Presentation transcript:
To know what we know, and know what we do not know, is wisdom.
551 – 479 BC (during the Qin Dynasty) Born in the feudal state of Liu and known in China by the name Kung Fu- tzu Became a teacher and editor of books.
As you walked in the door, I handed you a slip of paper…Each slip has ½ of a quotation that was written by the Chinese philosopher, Confucius. You must now figure out the words of Confucius by walking around the room and reading your quotations to one another until you find the second half of your quote
1.Respect yourself and other will respect you 2.Not to be known is no sorrow. My sorrow is not knowing men. 3.Guide the people by law, align them by punishment; they may shun crime, but they will want shame. Guide them by mind, align them by courtesy; they will learn shame and grow good. 4.Have no friends not equal to yourself.
5.When your father is alive observe his intentions. When he is deceased, model yourself on the memory of his behavior. If in three years after his death you have not deviated from your father’s ways, then you may be considered a filial child. 6.He that can feed his parents is now called a good son. But both dogs and horses are fed, and unless we honor our parents, what is the difference?
7.The superior man cannot be known in little matters, but he may be entrusted with great concerns. The small man may not be entrusted with great concerns, but he may be known in little matters. 8.The superior man is modest in his speech, but exceeds in his actions. 9.According to Confucianism, women had to obey their fathers when they were not married, to obey their husbands when in wedlock, and to obey their sons in their widowhood.
Rooted in the belief that familial relationships are the foundation for society – Ancestor worship Strong emphasis on education in the development of a person’s moral character and their ability to lead.
Li Rituals and rules create an enduring and stable society; etiquette in society Ren Benevolence and kindness Shu Reciprocity, empathy – Do not do unto others what you would not want others to do unto you. Yi Do what is right (not just for yourself) Xiao Filial Piety (Respect your elders!)
The subordinate person was always to defer and learn from the superior person in the relationship. At the same time, the superior person had a responsibility to act as a custodian for the subordinate person.
The single most important Confucian work. In Chinese, it means “conversation.” Focus on sensible ways of behaving in ones relationships and also the ways leaders should behave to ensure for the well-being of a society/government
Knowing what he knows and knowing what he doesn’t know, is characteristics of the person who knows. Making a mistake and not correcting it, is making another mistake. The superior man blames himself; the inferior man blames others. To go too far is as wrong as to fall short.
372 - 289 BC; was a disciple of Confucius. – Deciphered Confucius’ teachings and spread the philosophy Starts off with the assumption that “people are basically good.” The emperor is the example of proper behavior “Big Daddy” If someone does something bad, education, not punishment, is the answer. – Good people will mend their ways in accordance to their inherent goodness.
You have a list of 8 different sayings from the Analect. You must now come up with a modern day interpretation of each of the 8 For tomorrow, please make up your own based on a bit of wisdom you would like to impart!
Originated in China 2000 years ago Founded by Lao Tzu, whose name means “Old Master” – Possibly Confucius’s teacher? Major texts: – The Tao Te Ching; Explains the art of living according The Way – I-Ching: divination book based on cosmology
The I Ching uses a type of divination called cleromancy, which produces apparently random numbers. Six random numbers are turned into a hexagram, which can then be looked up in the I Ching book
Like Confucianism, Taoism is an ancient Chinese philosophy of living based on the Tao, or The Way – Through nature and harmony you can be happy – Based on balance, which is where yin and yang come from
A believer’s goal is to become one with The Tao and one with nature. To be happy, we have to let nature take its course and “go with the flow” Man is unhappy because he lives according to man-made laws, customs, & traditions that are contrary to the ways of nature.
To escape the “social, political, & cultural traps” of life, one must : 1.Reject formal knowledge and learning. 2.Relying on the senses and instincts. 3.Discover the nature and “rhythm” of the universe. 4.Ignore political and social laws.
Masculine Active Light Warmth Strong Heaven; Sun Feminine Passive Darkness Cold Weak Earth; Moon
Qigong – aligning breath with mind and body Tai Chi - series of movements performed in a slow, focused manner, accompanied by deep breathing. Feng Shui - philosophical system of harmonizing everyone with the surrounding environment Accupuncture - promotes the flow of Chi (or life force)
How is a man to live in a world dominated by chaos, suffering, and absurdity?? – Legalism Rule by harsh law & order – Confucianism Moral order in society through social hierarchy; respectful relationships – Daoism Order in society by finding harmony with nature; focus on balance