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HOPE AMONG RUINS Lesson One: Introduction to the Book of Jeremiah A study of the book of Jeremiah by Pastor Kris Holroyd Sunday evenings at 6:00 p.m.

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Presentation on theme: "HOPE AMONG RUINS Lesson One: Introduction to the Book of Jeremiah A study of the book of Jeremiah by Pastor Kris Holroyd Sunday evenings at 6:00 p.m."— Presentation transcript:

1 HOPE AMONG RUINS Lesson One: Introduction to the Book of Jeremiah A study of the book of Jeremiah by Pastor Kris Holroyd Sunday evenings at 6:00 p.m.

2 Book Recommendations Jeremiah and Lamentations: From Sorrow to Hope by Philip Ryken A Commentary on Jeremiah: Exile and Homecoming by Walter Brueggemann Jeremiah by Louis Stulman Jeremiah by Jack Lundbom (3 vols.) ESV Bible Atlas and ESV Study Bible

3 Today Historical Context Some themes from the book

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5 Historical Context Manasseh (2 Kings 21) – Reigns 55 years – Pagan worship flourishes – Aligns himself with Assyria – Assyria weakening, as Egypt declares independence

6 Historical Context (cont.) Amon (2 Kings 21) – Like his father – Pro-Assyrian – Assassinated by anti-Assyrian party

7 Historical Context (cont.) Josiah (2 Kings 22-23) – Assyria begins to regain power – Josiah put on throne at 8 years old by those seeking political independence and a return to the worship of YHWH

8 Historical Context (cont.) Josiah (cont.) – 622 BC widespread religious and nationalistic reformation Repair of the temple Centralized worship in Jerusalem Book of the Law restored Political independence

9 Historical Context (cont.) Josiah (cont.) – Meanwhile, in Assyria Rapidly losing power Big military defeat in 626 – Babylon rebels – Nabopolassar defeats Assyria in battle and becomes Babylonian king Nineveh falls in 612 to Bablon/Medes coalition

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11 Historical Context (cont.) Josiah (cont.) – Meanwhile, in Assyria (cont.) Egypt (Pharaoh Neco II) helps Assyria retake a city in 609, but both defeated Egypt perhaps delayed in battle with Judah at Megiddo; Josiah dies

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13 Historical Context (cont.) Jehoahaz 609 (2 Kings 23) – Made king when father Josiah dies in battle – Egypt, however, takes control of Judah while returning after loss to Babylon – Jehoahaz taken to Egypt

14 Historical Context (cont.) Jehoiakim (2 Kings 23-24) – Jehahaz’s older brother – Put on throne by Pharoah Neco II – Egypt demands heavy tribute

15 Historical Context (cont.) Jehoiakim (cont.) – Four years later, Babylon surprise Egyptian army at Carchemish (605), soundly defeating them – Referenced in Jer. 46:2

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17 Historical Context (cont.) Jehoiakim (cont.) – Babylon growing in strength, Nabopolassar dies, Nebuchadnezzar takes over – Jehoiakim switches allegiance to Babylon for three years

18 Historical Context (cont.) Jehoiakim (cont.) – 601 BC, Babylon and Egypt continue their war closer to Egypt – Babylon retreats north – Pro-Egyptian party encourages Jehoiakim to rebel; he declares independence – Babylon retaliates; Jehoiakim dies (perhaps assassinated)

19 Historical Context (cont.) Jehoiachin (Jeconiah) (2 Kings 24-25) – Placed on the throne when Jehoiakim dies – Full Babylonian army surrounds the city (Dec. 598) – Three months later, the city surrenders – Temple looted – Deportation: Jehoiachin Queen mother High officials and skilled laborers

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21 Historical Context (cont.) Zedekiah (2 Kings 24) – Jehoiachin’s uncle – Placed on throne by Nebuchadnezzar – National turmoil

22 Historical Context (cont.) Zedekiah (cont.) – Coalition hoped Babylon rule short lived, encouraged insurrection – Pro-Egyptian factions clash with Pro-Babylon – Exiles believed Jehoiachin still rightful king – Jeremiah, “pro-Babylon,” encourages patience, no rebellion

23 Historical Context (cont.) Zedekiah (cont.) – 589 BC Zedekiah declares independence and rebels – Babylon responds; Egypt attempts to help – 586 (after a 3 year siege), Jerusalem falls; temple and palace destroyed; more deportation

24 Historical Context (cont.) After the Fall of Jerusalem – Gedaliah governs Judah Family helped Josiah’s reforms He supported Jeremiah’s ministry Assassinated after about four years – Jeremiah says to stay in the land – He is accused of treason and hauled off to Egypt with those fleeing the land, perhaps fleeing a third Babylonian deportation

25 Historical Context (cont.) After the Fall of Jerusalem (cont.) – Jeremiah prophecies in Egypt (chapter 44), particularly against those worshiping the queen of heaven – Jeremiah’s message to Egyptian exiles: the future of Judah lies with those in Babylon

26 SOME THEMES IN JEREMIAH God’s incredible and long-suffering love – “Suffering love grows out of divine vulnerability and weakness…it reflects a situation of anguish occasioned by a broken relationship.” Stulman, ) – Chapters 2-3 and Israel as an unfaithful wife

27 SOME THEMES IN JEREMIAH (cont.) God’s sovereign reign over the nations – Chapters – God’s judgment on Judah – God’s judgment on the nations – God’s directing of the nations for his plans and people

28 SOME THEMES IN JEREMIAH (cont.) Theodicy – Why do bad things happen? – How can a good God let bad things happen?

29 SOME THEMES IN JEREMIAH (cont.) Jeremiah as example – Living faithfully when life gets hard – Jeremiah faces such hardships as: Humiliation Reproach Threats on his life Anxiety, sorrow, longing for death

30 SOME THEMES IN JEREMIAH (cont.) How to live in a non-”Christian” society – Jeremiah 29 and the letter to the exiles – How do the exiles live in pagan Babylon? – What can we learn from Jeremiah’s instructions to them with regard to living in our non-Christian culture today?

31 SOME THEMES IN JEREMIAH (cont.) The Covenant God makes with his people – The “new” covenant for the exiles – The new covenant as it points to the coming of Christ

32 SOME THEMES IN JEREMIAH (cont.) The formation of the Word of God – Jeremiah 36 and the burning of the scroll – The formation of the written word of God – True prophets versus false prophets: discerning truth in a world of falsehoods

33 SOME THEMES IN JEREMIAH (cont.) Hope – Ultimately, Jeremiah is a book of hope for a people suffering judgment


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