Presentation on theme: "Put your pencils away – You will need a piece of notebook paper You are going to grade your Unit 1 Test Get a red pen from Mrs. Elam’s desk. Someone will."— Presentation transcript:
Put your pencils away – You will need a piece of notebook paper You are going to grade your Unit 1 Test Get a red pen from Mrs. Elam’s desk. Someone will be passing out your Unit 1 Test Paper Write the number missed over 36 at the top of your paper. When finished grading: If you missed a question – You may write the question and correct answer in the form of a statement on a separate piece of paper. Attach the paper to your test and turn it in to Mrs. Elam/Mr. Graham. You will receive extra points for this.
Started out as a philosophy Now considered a religion, but is “nontheistic” – No central god or deity Founder: Siddhartha Gautama – B. 563 B.C – D. 487 B.C. (how old was he?) – “The Buddha” – means “awakened” or “enlightened”
Gautama was born into a wealthy Hindu family, but renounced his wealth to seek spiritual enlightenment.
Background Born in region along India/Nepal border Father was a raja (king) “Seers” or astrologers predicted he was someone great but would reject his legacy So…his father kept him sheltered in the palace Marries, has son Finally leaves palace and encounters realities of life as an adult
The Great Renunciation Encounters: poverty, old age, sickness, and death. After meeting a holy man, he decides to try to find the meaning of life – Renounces royal title, all material belongings, left palace, wife and kids – Wanders around, experiences enlightenment and becomes “the Buddha.” Shares his teachings =Buddhism
~Buddhism spread through cultural diffusion to eastern Asia, including China, Thailand, Korea and Japan. ~In other areas, Buddhism was adapted and took on new forms.
Read: The article: “The Buddha: What Did He Teach?” Answer the questions on the back. Be prepared to discuss the answers with the class.
Belief Types Polytheistic Religion – More than one god. Monotheistic Religion – Single all powerful god. Atheistic – Expressly states there are no divine beings. Non-Theistic - A non-theistic religion does not center upon the existence of any deities, but it does not deny their existence either. As such, members can easily be a collection of atheists, agnostics and theists.
Buddha’s Teachings The Four Noble Truths: 1.Life is subject to sorrow. 2.Sorrow is caused by our cravings or desires, which come from being ignorant. 3.Sorrow can be eliminated by eliminating cravings/desires. 4.The way to eliminate cravings/desires is to follow the Eightfold Path or “Middle Way.”
Eightfold Path 1.Right views 5. Right livelihood 2.Right intentions 6. Right effort 3.Right speech 7. Right mindfulness 4.Right action 8. Right concentration By following the Eightfold Path, the ultimate goal is to eliminate sorrow and achieve “nirvana” or true enlightenment.
Buddhism like Hinduism: Reincarnation Karma Dharma But not Caste system Hindu gods Hindu priesthood Buddhism has much in common with Hinduism, but important differences.
Buddha did not record his teachings, but after he died, his followers collected them into the Tripitaka.