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Remember that a concrete noun names a person, place, or thing that can be sensed with one of the five senses. An abstract noun names an idea or quality.

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Presentation on theme: "Remember that a concrete noun names a person, place, or thing that can be sensed with one of the five senses. An abstract noun names an idea or quality."— Presentation transcript:

1 Remember that a concrete noun names a person, place, or thing that can be sensed with one of the five senses. An abstract noun names an idea or quality and cannot be sensed with one of the five senses. Directions: write C for concrete and A for abstract. ___ 1. ocean ___ 2. sorrow ___ 3. communication ___ 4. Earth ___ 5. beauty ___ 6. beauty ___ 7. justice ___ 8. ability ___ 9. bracelet ___ 10. belief

2 A sentence is a group of words that expresses a complete thought and contains a subject (noun) and a predicate (verb). Without a noun and verb, it is a fragment. Examples: Ramon ran to the store. (sentence) Ran to the store. (fragment) Directions: write S for sentence or F for fragment. ___ 1. Kim took her driving test yesterday. ___ 2. She failed. ___ 3. Will take it again next month. ___ 4. She is extremely disappointed. ___ 5. Practice makes perfect. ___ 6. Making left-hand turns.

3 Directions: Turn the following fragments into sentences. 1. the chicken in your salad __________________ _________________________________________ 2. from one place to another _________________ _________________________________________ 3. the soccer ball in the goal __________________ _________________________________________ 4. with my mother _________________________ _________________________________________ 5. to pick up some milk ______________________ _________________________________________

4 Directions: Make these simple sentences more complex with more details. 1. The ship sank. _______________________________________ 2. Traffic was heavy. _______________________________________ 3. We ate dinner. _______________________________________ 4. Trees fell. _______________________________________

5 Directions: Write a sentence using each of the dependent clauses below. 1.After we met _______________________________________ 2. Although it is raining _______________________________________ 3. Which is a waste of time _______________________________________ 4. While I played guitar _______________________________________

6 Directions: A proper noun names a particular person, place, or thing. Read the following sentences. Circle the letters that should be capitalized. 1. my older sister, amy, and i went out to dinner on my birthday. 2. my mother took our cat, bentley, to the veterinarian. 3. joe used mom’s car to pick up kenny. 4. should i go with the russells to soccer practice? 5. irina and i baked a cake for elizabeth’s party.

7 Directions: Write the type of sentence on the line and add the punctuation. ___ 1. Where have you been ___ 2. Ouch That hurts ___ 3. My neighbor gave me a ride school ___ 4. Take the cat off the counter right now ___ 5. Please bring your books to class on Monday SentencePunctuationKind Declarative (D).Statement Interrogative (IN)?Questions Exclamatory (E)!Strong Emotion Imperative (IM)! OR.Request or Command

8 Directions: Proofreading is important. Correct the writing mistakes in each sentence. 1.Star didn’t want to walk all the way over their because she had alot of books to carry. _____________________________________ 2.Chris wants to be a chef when he goes up so tha he can make people happy and healthy. ____________________________________ 3.So many students want to go into the music industry to make lots of monies. like all the celebrities they see on TV. _____________________________________

9 There means a place. Their shows ownership. They’re means they are. Directions: Write a sentence correctly using each form of there, their, and they’re. 1._____________________________________ _____________________________________ 2._____________________________________ _____________________________________ 3._____________________________________ _____________________________________

10 Use a comma to join 2 independent clauses by a comma and a coordinating conjunction (and, but, or, for, nor, so). Example: Road construction can be inconvenient, but it is necessary. Directions: Put a comma where it needs to go in each sentence below. 1.The new house has a large fenced backyard so I am sure our dog will enjoy it. 2.Our class is the best in the school but we still get in trouble some times. 3.We all have to be home by twelve so our ride is coming at 11:30. 4.I don’t want to do my homework but I need to pass the class.

11 Use a comma after an introductory phrase, prepositional phrase, or dependent clause. Example: To get a good grade, you must complete all your assignments. Directions: Put a comma where it needs to go in each sentence below. 1. After the concert the teenagers went to the after party. 2. Because Dad caught the chicken pox we canceled our vacation. 3. To be on the football team you must be passing all of your classes. 4. Although it was raining we still went on the trip.

12 Use a comma to separate elements in a series. Example: On her vacation, Lisa visited Greece, Spain, and Italy. Directions: Put a comma where it needs to go in each sentence below. 1.My schedule is good this year I have Art Gym English Foods and Astronomy. 2.In their speeches, many of the candidates promised to help protect the environment, bring about world peace, and end world hunger. 3.Cooking can be a real pain because you have to go to the store buy the food cook the food and serve the food.

13 Use a comma between coordinate adjectives (adjectives that are equal and reversible). Example: The irritable, fidgety child waited for ice cream. Directions: Put a comma where it needs to go in each sentence below. 1.The old rusty truck needs all new parts. 2.The beautiful young actress won three awards. 3.The sturdy compact suitcase was great to travel with. 4.The handsome strong athlete is very popular. 5.The large heavy book was never brought home.

14 Use a comma after a transitional element (however, therefore, nonetheless, also, otherwise, finally, instead, thus, of course, above all, for example, in other words, as a result, on the other hand, in conclusion, in addition) Directions: Put a comma where it needs to go in each sentence below. 1.For example the Yankees have won more championships than any other team. 2.I want you to succeed however you need to do the work. 3.In conclusion rap music has a large impact on society. 4.English is the most important class therefore you need to pay attention.

15 Directions: Rewrite the sentences into one sentence. Remember to use commas if you use and or but to connect two complete thoughts. 1.Juan held a black book in his hands. He talked with a friend. _______________________________________ 2. Lyle is alone. The house is deserted. The wind is howling. _______________________________________ 3. I walked around the lake. I saw a large bird. It sat on a rock. _______________________________________

16 Use a semicolon to join 2 independent clauses when the second clause restates the first or when the two clauses are of equal emphasis. For example: Road construction in Dallas has hindered travel around town; streets have become covered with bulldozers, trucks, and cones. Directions: Use a semi colon to join the two thoughts. 1.The lesson on grammar seemed to last forever students fell asleep while listening to the teacher. 2.Many people enjoy sky diving because of the unique feeling it brings people jump out of the plane for a thrill, and a great view. 3.The most effective way to make friends is to talk to people about things you have in common most people become friends by doing an activity together.

17 Use a colon after an independent clause when it is followed by a list, a quotation, appositive, or other idea directly related to the independent clause. Directions: put a colon where it needs to be in each sentence. 1.Destiny went to the store for some groceries milk, bread, eggs, bananas, chips, and cookies. 2.Directions place a colon where it should be in this sentence. 3.Abraham Lincoln believed in the United States “…That government of the people, by the people, for the people shall not perish from the earth.”

18 The apostrophe has three uses: To form possessives of nouns To show the omission of letter To indicate certain plurals of lowercase letters Directions: put an apostrophe where it belongs in each sentence. 1.Brads book is on the bookcase. 2.We dont know the homework for tonight. 3.I was goin to the store but then it rained. 4.Make sure to use the 5 ws in your writing. 5.We need to get there by eight oclock. 6.How to we get to Stephanies house?

19 Mix review for punctuation. Directions: Place the appropriate punctuation marks in the sentences below. 1.After the show we all went to Destnys house for a party Brad and everyone was there and had a great time. 2.How many people can we fit into Cheryls car to get to the game by five oclock 3.In order to pass this class you must do three things show up try your best and work hard. 4.Therefore the Freshmen class is the best it has been in many years.

20 Directions: Write the names of three of your favorite television shows. Then, write two reasons that you like the show. Last, look for similarities. Television show:___________________________ Reason 1:________________________________ Reason 2:________________________________ Television show:___________________________ Reason 1:________________________________ Reason 2:________________________________ Television show:___________________________ Reason 1:________________________________ Reason 2:________________________________

21 Directions: Use the television shows and reasons from yesterday to write a topic sentence about the TV shows that you like. Look at what they may have in common. The topic sentence should introduce your main idea to your reader. Your topic sentence about your favorite TV shows:_______________________________________ _______________________________________

22 Directions: Use the topic sentence and reasons to write a paragraph about your favorite television shows. _______________________________________ _______________________________________ _______________________________________ _______________________________________ _______________________________________ _______________________________________ _______________________________________

23 Use the paragraph about your favorite television shows from yesterday. Do you have a concluding sentence? Directions: Write two different concluding sentences for your paragraph. 1.______________________________________ _______________________________________ _______________________________________ 2.______________________________________ _______________________________________ _______________________________________ _______________________________________

24 Directions: Use everything you have written about your favorite television shows to write a final draft of the paragraph. Use correct punctuation. _______________________________________ _______________________________________ _______________________________________ _______________________________________ _______________________________________

25 Directions: Write the literal meaning of each figurative sentence below. 1.The exam was a piece of cake. _______________________________________ 2. She’s as slow as molasses. _______________________________________ 3. My brother eats like a horse. _______________________________________ 4. This will take forever. _______________________________________ 5. She eats like a bird. _______________________________________

26 Alliteration is the use of the same letter or the same sound at the beginning of two or more words that are near each other. Directions: Underline the alliterative words in each sentence. 1.He moved swiftly and silently through the night. 2.As the day dawned, I thought with dread of the morning’s exam. 3.Ashley was delayed, but not deterred. 4.The rioters ripped through the city center. 5.He clasps the crab with crooked hands. 6.Billy bought a bag of broccoli and beans. 7.She tried some apple cider, and surprisingly liked it.

27 Directions: Add an alliterative word or words to each of the following sentences where there is a *. Example: The sign moved in the * wind The sign in the wild wind. 1. The * trees swayed back and forth. ________________________________________ 2. There were twelve different * kinds of ice cream listed. ________________________________________ 3. Mr. Lu rushed home through * traffic. ________________________________________ 4. The teacher was startled when * screamed “fire!” ________________________________________

28 Directions: Underline all the alliteration found in the first stanza of the poem “The Raven” by Edgar Allan Poe. Once upon a midnight dreary, while I pondered weak and weary, Over many a quaint and curious volume of forgotten lore, While I nodded, nearly napping, suddenly there came a tapping, As of some one gently rapping, rapping at my chamber door. `'Tis some visitor,' I muttered, `tapping at my chamber door -Only this, and nothing more.'

29 Directions: Write your own, short alliteration poem or story about a clown named Clumsy, a skunk named Sky, or a dog named Daisy. _______________________________________ _______________________________________ _______________________________________ _______________________________________

30 Imagery is figurative language that appeals to the senses of the reader. Directions: List things that see, hear, smell, taste, and feel during your school day. 1.See: __________________________________ 2.Hear: _________________________________ 3.Smell: ________________________________ 4.Taste: ________________________________ 5.Feel: _________________________________ Write a sentence using all the words that you wrote for number two. __________________________________________

31 Directions: classify the sensory words under sight (SI), smell (SM), or sound (SO). ___ Grey ___ Sweet ___ Creaked ___ Crash ___ Sour ___ Bright ___ Groan ___ Flash ___ Smokey ___ Stink ___ Stale ___ Loud ___ Soft ___ Blue ___ Gas ___ Hit ___ Slam ___ Fruity ___ Rose ___ Red ___ Rustle

32 Directions: Add a sensory word or words to each sentence to create imagery. 1.The gate was noisy. _______________________________________ 2. The pizza was hot. _______________________________________ 3. We heard traffic. _______________________________________ 4. The cave was scary. _______________________________________ 5. Devon likes cake. _______________________________________

33 Directions: Underline all examples of imagery (sense words) in the poem “The Shark” by Edwin John Pratt He seemed to know the harbour, So leisurely he swam; His fin, Like a piece of sheet-iron, Three-cornered, And with knife-edge, Stirred not a bubble As it moved With its base-line on the water. His body was tubular And tapered And smoke-blue, And as he passed the wharf He turned, And snapped at a flat-fish That was dead and floating. And I saw the flash of a white throat, And a double row of white teeth, And eyes of metallic grey, Hard and narrow and slit. Then out of the harbour, With that three-cornered fin Shearing without a bubble the water Lithely, Leisurely, He swam— That strange fish, Tubular, tapered, smoke-blue, Part vulture, part wolf, Part neither—for his blood was cold.

34 Directions: Write your own, short poem or story using lots of imagery. Write about the weather, a place, a person, or pet. _______________________________________ _______________________________________ _______________________________________ _______________________________________

35 Verbal irony is a figure of speech in which the literal meaning is the opposite of the author’s intended meaning. Example: After taking a test for two hours, the student said “That was fun!” Directions: Explain why each sentence is ironic. 1.As he got to the top of Mount Everest, he said “It was nothing.” _______________________________________ 2. “Oh wonderful,” Chris said, as the lightning and thunder moved closer. _______________________________________ 3. The runner arrived at home plate with a cheer, only to learn that he never touched home plate. __________________________________________

36 Situational Irony is when the opposite of what you think is going to happen, happens. Example: A fireman’s house catches on fire. Directions: Come up with three more examples of situational irony. 1._____________________________________ _____________________________________ 2._____________________________________ _____________________________________ 3._____________________________________ _____________________________________

37 Similes compare two things, using the words like or as. Example: He was as strong as an ox. Directions: For each adjective below, list things that have that characteristic. 1.Wet:_________________________________ 2.Cold:________________________________ _ 3.Hard:________________________________ 4.Thick:________________________________ 5.Gentle:_______________________________

38 Directions: Read the first stanza of the poem “A Red, Red Rose”, by Robert Burns and underline the similes. Next, write your own four lines using similes to compare love. My love is like a red, red rose That’s newly sprung in June : My love is like the melody That’s sweetly played in tune. _________________________________________ _________________________________________

39 Similes compare two things, using the words like or as. Directions: Choose appropriate words to complete the similes below. 1.The child was as thoughtful as ______________ 2.Summer is like __________________________ 3.The moon is like _________________________ 4.The weather is as changeable as _______________________________________ 5.Friendship is like _________________________ 6.He ran as fast as _________________________ 7.The book is as dull as _____________________

40 A metaphor is a figure of speech in which the writer implies a comparison between two different things. Directions: Use four similes from yesterday and make them metaphors. Example: Simile: The darkness covered the village like a blanket. Metaphor: The village was blanketed in darkness. 1._____________________________________ 2._____________________________________ 3._____________________________________ 4._____________________________________

41 A metaphor is a figure of speech in which the writer implies a comparison between two different things. Directions: Explain what you think the metaphor means. All the world’s a stage, and all the men and women merely players. They have their exits and their entrances… -William Shakespeare Meaning:_______________________________ _______________________________________ _

42 Onomatopoeia is the use of words that sound like or suggest the objects or actions being named. Directions: Match the sound word with the noun. Nouns A turkey Water A snake Leaves Garbage cans A bee A steak A balloon A crow Sound Words Hissed Sizzled Buzzed Gurgled Popped Cawed Clanged Gobbled Rustled

43 Onomatopoeia is the use of words that sound like or suggest the objects or actions being named. Directions: Underline words in this excerpt of the poem, “The Bells” by Edgar Allan Poe that remind you of the sound of bells. Hear the sledges with the bells– Silver bells! What a world of merriment their melody foretells! How they tinkle, tinkle, tinkle, In the icy air of night! While the stars that oversprinkle All the heavens, seem to twinkle With a crystalline delight;

44 Onomatopoeia is the use of words that sound like or suggest the objects or actions being named. Directions: Come up with as many onomatopoeia words as you can! _______________________________________________ _______________________________________________ _______________________________________________ _______________________________________________

45 Personification is a figure of speech in which the writer gives human qualities to an animal or inanimate object. For example: I put my book right there; it must have walked away. Directions: Underline the examples of personification in this excerpt from James Stephens’ poem “Check”. The night was creeping on the ground; She crept and did not make a sound Until she reached the tree, and then She covered it, and stole again Along the grass behind the wall.

46 Personification is a figure of speech in which the writer gives human qualities to an animal or inanimate object. Directions: Use personification to describe the objects below. 1.Pen/Pencil____________________________ _____________________________________ 2.Cell phone____________________________ _____________________________________ 3.Desk_________________________________ _____________________________________

47 Hyperbole is exaggerating, often in a humorous way, to make a particular point is known as hyperbole. Example: That ice cream cone is a mile high! Directions: Write three sentences that have hyperbole. 1._____________________________________ _____________________________________ 2._____________________________________ _____________________________________ 3._____________________________________ _____________________________________

48 Hyperbole is exaggerating, often in a humorous way, to make a particular point is known as hyperbole. Directions: Underline all the hyperbole in Ball Bunyan’s description of winter. “Well now, one winter it was so cold that all the geese flew backward and all the fish moved south and even the snow turned blue. Late at night, it got so frigid that all spoken words froze solid afore they could be heard. People had to wait until sunup to find out what folks were talking about the night before.”

49 A rhetorical question is a question which is asked, but for which there is no reply. Example: Who doesn’t love a chocolate chip cookie? Directions: Write three rhetorical questions. 1._____________________________________ _____________________________________ 2._____________________________________ _____________________________________ 3._____________________________________ _____________________________________

50 A pun is a play on words. Example: Two pencils decided to have a race. The outcome was a draw Directions: underline the play on words in each pun below. 1.My trip to the Grand Canyon cost a hole lot of money. 2.The optometrist ran for mayor because he was a visionary. 3.Do birds know where they're going when they fly south for the winter or do they just wing it every time?

51 Transitional words are words that transport or carry the reader smoothly from one sentence or paragraph to the next. Directions: Underline the transitional words. If you want a quick and delicious snack, try one of the new pudding mixes. I don’t mean the already-made puddings; l I mean the dry pudding mix that needs milk. The first step in making your pudding is to put the dry pudding mix in a bowl. Next, get an eggbeater and two ups of mild. Add milk to the dry pudding. Now, use the eggbeater to mix the milk and pudding together. After about two minutes, you should have a delicious pudding to eat.

52 Transitional words are words that transport or carry the reader smoothly from one sentence or paragraph to the next. Directions: Underline the transitional words. As I entered the room, I noticed two large windows directly across from me. In front of the windows was a beautiful maple table on which rested a variety of plants. On the wall to my right, I saw a large painting of a woman holding a child. In the background of the picture, I could see a field of flowers. To my left, I saw another large painting depicting a rose garden. A small sofa was placed in front of each painting. It was a very inviting room.

53 Directions: write four sentences explaining your daily routine, connect them using transitions. _______________________________________ _______________________________________ _______________________________________ _______________________________________ _______________________________________ _______________________________________ _______________________________________

54 Directions: Write a six word memoire for today. _______________________________________ _______________________________________ _______________________________________ _______________________________________ _______________________________________

55 Directions: Respond to the statistic. Does this affect you or your family? _______________________________________ _______________________________________ _______________________________________

56 Directions: Make a list of the smells you remember most from your childhood—then write about one of them. _______________________________________ _______________________________________ _______________________________________ _______________________________________ _______________________________________

57 Directions: Fill in the dialogue to complete the comic strip. Must be appropriate.

58 Directions: Make a list of every word or phrase that you associate about being blind. _______________________________________ _______________________________________ _______________________________________ _______________________________________ _______________________________________

59 “You are always free to change your mind and choose a different future, or a different past.” Directions: Write if you agree or disagree with this quote by Richard Bach and explain your reason. _______________________________________ _______________________________________ _______________________________________ _______________________________________ _______________________________________

60 Directions: Fill in the dialogue to complete the comic strip. Must be appropriate.

61 Directions: Make a list of 10 things that made you angry and 10 things that made you happy from this past week. _______________________________________ _______________________________________ _______________________________________ _______________________________________ _______________________________________

62 Directions: Respond to the statistic. Does this affect you or your family? Does this surprise you? _______________________________________ _______________________________________ _______________________________________

63 Directions: Write a six word memoire for today. _______________________________________ _______________________________________ _______________________________________ _______________________________________ _______________________________________

64 Directions: Make a list of the sounds you remember most from your childhood—then write about one of them. _______________________________________ _______________________________________ _______________________________________ _______________________________________ _______________________________________

65 Directions: Use sensory words to describe in detail five things that you cannot live without. _______________________________________ _______________________________________ _______________________________________ _______________________________________ _______________________________________

66 Directions: Write about the photograph. Who might sit in this seat? Where might it be? Why black and white? ______________________________________ ______________________________________ ______________________________________ ______________________________________ ______________________________________ ______________________________________

67 Directions: What advice would you have given yourself three years ago. _______________________________________ _______________________________________ _______________________________________ _______________________________________ _______________________________________

68 Directions: Who is your family? _______________________________________ _______________________________________ _______________________________________ _______________________________________ _______________________________________

69 Directions: Respond to the statistic. Does this surprise you? How much meat do you eat? _______________________________________ _______________________________________ _______________________________________

70 Directions: Make a list of the ten most unusual jobs you can think of, and/or jobs you would not want. _______________________________________ _______________________________________ _______________________________________ _______________________________________ _______________________________________

71 Directions: Write about the photograph. What are three different situations that could be happening in the woman’s life? ______________________________________ ______________________________________ ______________________________________ ______________________________________ ______________________________________ ______________________________________

72 Directions: How comfortable are you with lying? Do you think lying is ever justified? What do you do if someone lies to you? _______________________________________ _______________________________________ _______________________________________ _______________________________________ _______________________________________

73 Directions: Create a ridiculous holiday to celebrate. Make sure that you describe when it is and details about how to celebrate. _______________________________________ _______________________________________ _______________________________________ _______________________________________ _______________________________________

74 Directions: Fill in the dialogue to complete the comic strip. Must be appropriate.

75 Directions: What do you think is the biggest problem in the United States? Explain why, and if you have a possible solution to the problem. _______________________________________ _______________________________________ _______________________________________ _______________________________________ _______________________________________

76 Directions: Write a six word memoire for today. _______________________________________ _______________________________________ _______________________________________ _______________________________________ _______________________________________

77 Directions: Should New Jersey Public Schools switch to going to school year round, giving students time off during the year instead of just summer? Explain. _______________________________________ _______________________________________ _______________________________________ _______________________________________ _______________________________________

78 Directions: List every thought that comes to mind when looking at this painting by Vincent Van Gogh. ______________________________________ ______________________________________ ______________________________________ ______________________________________ ______________________________________ ______________________________________

79 Directions: What if public education was no longer free or required? What would you do? Where do you think you would end up? _______________________________________ _______________________________________ _______________________________________ _______________________________________ _______________________________________

80 Directions: Are holidays too commercialized? Should they be more about time off and spending time with family and friends, or more about buying things? _______________________________________ _______________________________________ _______________________________________ _______________________________________ _______________________________________

81 Directions: Respond to the picture. What type of person would be in the hoodie? Why would they have to cover their face? ____________________________________________ ____________________________________________ ____________________________________________ ____________________________________________

82 Directions: Write a six word memoire for today. _______________________________________ _______________________________________ _______________________________________ _______________________________________ _______________________________________

83 Directions: Do you agree or disagree with this quote by Theodore Roosevelt: “Every immigrant who comes here should be required within five years to learn English or leave the country.” _______________________________________ _______________________________________ _______________________________________ _______________________________________ _______________________________________

84 Directions: Using sense words, describe violence: what does it look like, feel like, smell like, taste like, and sound like? _______________________________________ _______________________________________ _______________________________________ _______________________________________ _______________________________________

85 Directions: Respond to the picture. Infer what the photographer is trying to say about society? What is your opinion? ____________________________________________ ____________________________________________ ____________________________________________ ____________________________________________

86 Directions: What is your opinion on gun control? Should everyone carry a gun? Should no one carry a gun? Explain. _______________________________________ _______________________________________ _______________________________________ _______________________________________ _______________________________________

87 Directions: Fill in the dialogue to complete the comic strip. Must be appropriate.

88 Directions: Respond to the picture. Infer what the photographer is trying to say about society? What is your opinion? ____________________________________________ ____________________________________________ ____________________________________________ ____________________________________________

89 Directions: Using sense words, describe peace; what does it look like, feel like, smell like, taste like, and sound like? _______________________________________ _______________________________________ _______________________________________ _______________________________________ _______________________________________

90 Directions: Make up a myth explaining why the moon disappears once a month. _______________________________________ _______________________________________ _______________________________________ _______________________________________ _______________________________________

91 Directions: Respond to the statistic. Does this surprise you? Why do you think this is? _______________________________________ _______________________________________ _______________________________________

92 A fortune teller at the local county fair tells you something good that will happen, and something awful that will happen. Directions: Write what the fortune teller tells you, and how you react. _______________________________________ _______________________________________ _______________________________________ _______________________________________ _______________________________________

93 Directions: Respond to the statistic. Does this surprise you? Does this affect you or your family? _______________________________________ _______________________________________ _______________________________________

94 Directions: Write a six word memoire for today. _______________________________________ _______________________________________ _______________________________________ _______________________________________ _______________________________________

95 Directions: Respond to the picture. What is the message about disabilities? Give your own reaction. ____________________________________________ ____________________________________________ ____________________________________________ ____________________________________________

96 Directions: Using sense words, describe war; what does it look like, feel like, smell like, taste like, and sound like? _______________________________________ _______________________________________ _______________________________________ _______________________________________ _______________________________________

97 Directions: If you could change one major historical event from the past, what would you change and why? _______________________________________ _______________________________________ _______________________________________ _______________________________________ _______________________________________

98 Directions: Respond to the picture. What is the photographer trying to say about society? What is your reaction? ____________________________________________ ____________________________________________ ____________________________________________ ____________________________________________

99 Directions: Write an acrostic poem for the word Respect. R ______________________________________ E _____________________________________ S ______________________________________ P ______________________________________ E ______________________________________ C ______________________________________ T ______________________________________

100 Directions: Write a six word memoire for today. _______________________________________ _______________________________________ _______________________________________ _______________________________________ _______________________________________

101 Directions: Fill in the dialogue to complete the comic strip. Must be appropriate.

102 Directions: Confucius said that people are basically good and can be led by example. Hanfeizi felt that people are basically evil and have to be controlled by laws. What do you think? _______________________________________ _______________________________________ _______________________________________ _______________________________________ _______________________________________ _______________________________________ _______________________________________ _______________________________________ _______________________________________ ______________________________________

103 Directions: Describe the setting and characters. Infer the emotions and thoughts of the men. ____________________________________________ ____________________________________________ ____________________________________________ ____________________________________________

104 Directions: Invent a new law for the United States, then a different one for New Jersey, then another for the towns of Matawan and Aberdeen. _______________________________________ _______________________________________ _______________________________________ _______________________________________ _______________________________________

105 Directions: List at least five ways a reputation can be improved, or five reasons why a reputation cannot be improved. _______________________________________ _______________________________________ _______________________________________ _______________________________________ _______________________________________

106 “Numbers” by Mary Cornish (excerpt) I like the generosity of numbers. The way, for example, they are willing to count anything or anyone: two pickles, one door to the room, eight dancers dressed as swans. I like the domesticity of addition-- add two cups of milk and stir-- the sense of plenty: six plums on the ground, three more falling from the tree. And multiplication's school of fish times fish, whose silver bodies breed beneath the shadow of a boat. Even subtraction is never loss, just addition somewhere else: five sparrows take away two, the two in someone else's garden now… Directions: Respond to the poem. Write your own short poem about numbers. Do you like numbers? _____________________________ _____________________________ _____________________________ _____________________________ _____________________________ _____________________________ _____________________________ _____________________________ _____________________________ _____________________________ _____________________________ _____________________________ _____________________________ _____________________________ _____________________________

107 Directions: Respond to the picture. Infer what the characters are doing. ____________________________________________ ____________________________________________ ____________________________________________ ____________________________________________ ____________________________________________ ____________________________________________ ____________________________________________ ____________________________________________ ____________________________________________ ____________________________________________ ____________________________________________

108 What makes a good leader? Directions: List fifteen traits of a good leader. _______________________________________ _______________________________________ _______________________________________ _______________________________________ _______________________________________

109 Directions: Write a six word memoire for today. _______________________________________ _______________________________________ _______________________________________ _______________________________________ _______________________________________

110 Directions: Fill in the dialogue to complete the comic strip. Must be appropriate.

111 Directions: Write a poem or story about the color blue. _______________________________________ _______________________________________ _______________________________________ _______________________________________ _______________________________________

112 Directions: Respond to the picture. Infer what the setting tells about people and life their. ____________________________________________ ____________________________________________ ____________________________________________ ____________________________________________ ____________________________________________ ____________________________________________ ____________________________________________ ____________________________________________ ____________________________________________ ____________________________________________ ____________________________________________

113 Directions: Describe a character from literature that you would trade places with, and explain why. _______________________________________ _______________________________________ _______________________________________ _______________________________________ _______________________________________

114 Directions: Fill in the dialogue to complete the comic strip. Must be appropriate.

115 Directions: Do you agree or disagree with this quote by Albert Einstein: “I know not with what weapons World War III will be fought, but World War IV will be fought with sticks and stones.” Explain. _______________________________________ _______________________________________ _______________________________________ _______________________________________ _______________________________________

116 Directions: Infer the photographer’s message. What is your opinion about the elderly. Explain. ____________________________________________ ____________________________________________ ____________________________________________ ____________________________________________

117 Directions: Money, fame, big houses, and lots of cars. Do rich people still have problems? Explain. _______________________________________ _______________________________________ _______________________________________ _______________________________________ _______________________________________

118 Directions: Write a short story based on the photograph. ____________________________________________ ____________________________________________ ____________________________________________ ____________________________________________

119 Directions: Write a six word memoire for today. _______________________________________ _______________________________________ _______________________________________ _______________________________________ _______________________________________

120 “Neglec”t by R. T. Smith Is the scent of apple boughs smoking in the woodstove what I will remember of the Red Delicious I brought down, ashamed that I could not convince its limbs to render fruit? Too much neglect will do that, skew the sap's passage, blacken leaves, dry the bark and heart. I should have lopped the dead limbs early and watched each branch with a goshawk's eye, patching with medicinal pitch, offering water, compost and mulch, but I was too enchanted by pear saplings, flowers and the pasture, too callow to believe that death's inevitable for any living being unloved, untended. What remains is this armload of applewood now feeding the stove's smolder. Splendor ripens a final time in the firebox, a scarlet harvest headed, by dawn, to embers. Two decades of shade and blossoms - tarts and cider, bees dazzled by the pollen, spare elegance in ice - but what goes is gone. Smoke is all, through this lesson in winter regret, I've been given to remember. Smoke, and Red Delicious apples redder than a passing cardinal's crest or cinders. Directions: Respond to the poem. What did the speaker neglect? Have you ever neglected something? _________________________ _________________________ _________________________ _________________________ _________________________ _________________________ _________________________

121 Directions: Respond to the statistic. Does this surprise you? _______________________________________ _______________________________________ _______________________________________

122 Directions: Michelangelo said: “The greatest danger for most of us is not that our aim is too high and we miss it, but that it is too low and we reach it.” List your goals. Are your own goals too low? _______________________________________ _______________________________________ _______________________________________ _______________________________________ _______________________________________

123 Directions: Describe a storm using all your senses. _______________________________________ _______________________________________ _______________________________________ _______________________________________ _______________________________________

124 Directions: Respond to the statistic. Does this surprise you? _______________________________________ _______________________________________ _______________________________________

125 Directions: Which is the most important to you…money, fame, health? You may only choose one. Explain your choice. _______________________________________ _______________________________________ _______________________________________ _______________________________________ _______________________________________

126 Directions: Write a six word memoire for today. _______________________________________ _______________________________________ _______________________________________ _______________________________________ _______________________________________

127 Directions: Write to the prompt, "I am not...” _______________________________________ _______________________________________ _______________________________________ _______________________________________ _______________________________________

128 Directions: Using senses and imagery, describe your favorite time of the year. _______________________________________ _______________________________________ _______________________________________ _______________________________________ _______________________________________

129 Directions: What one event in your life would you change? Explain. _______________________________________ _______________________________________ _______________________________________ _______________________________________ _______________________________________

130 Directions: Describe the person or people who would live in this setting. What is their life like? ____________________________________________ ____________________________________________ ____________________________________________ ____________________________________________

131 Football Louis Jenkins I take the snap from the center, fake to the right, fade back... I've got protection. I've got a receiver open downfield... What the hell is this? This isn't a football, it's a shoe, a man's brown leather oxford. A cousin to a football maybe, the same skin, but not the same, a thing made for the earth, not the air. I realize that this is a world where anything is possible and I understand, also, that one often has to make do with what one has. I have eaten pancakes, for instance, with that clear corn syrup on them because there was no maple syrup and they weren't very good. Well, anyway, this is different. (My man downfield is waving his arms.) One has certain responsibilities, one has to make choices. This isn't right and I'm not going to throw it. __________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________ Directions: What makes this football game different from other games? Describe another sport or situation where one thing is different.

132 Directions: Finish the thought: I wish I could… _______________________________________ _______________________________________ _______________________________________ _______________________________________ _______________________________________

133 Directions: Write a poem or story about the color white. _______________________________________ _______________________________________ _______________________________________ _______________________________________ _______________________________________

134 Directions: Fill in the dialogue to complete the comic strip. Must be appropriate.

135 Directions: Write a six word memoire for today. _______________________________________ _______________________________________ _______________________________________ _______________________________________ _______________________________________

136 Directions: Respond to the statistic. Does this surprise you? Do drink lattes? _______________________________________ _______________________________________ _______________________________________

137 Directions: If you could be any celebrity, who would you be and why? _______________________________________ _______________________________________ _______________________________________ _______________________________________ _______________________________________

138 Directions: Write an acrostic poem for the word Courage. C ______________________________________ O _____________________________________ U ______________________________________ R ______________________________________ A ______________________________________ G ______________________________________ E ______________________________________

139 “Sidekicks” by Ronald Koertge They were never handsome and often came with a hormone imbalance manifested by corpulence, a yodel of a voice or ears big as kidneys. But each was brave. More than once a sidekick has thrown himself in front of our hero in order to receive the bullet or blow meant for that perfect face and body. Thankfully, heroes never die in movies and leave the sidekick alone. He would not stand for it. Gabby or Pat, Pancho or Andy remind us of a part of ourselves, the dependent part that can never grow up, the part that is painfully eager to please, always wants a hug and never gets enough. Who could sit in a darkened theatre, listen to the organ music and watch the best of ourselves lowered into the ground while the rest stood up there, tears pouring off that enormous nose. Directions: Respond to the poem. Are you like a sidekick in ay way? Use evidence from the poem to support your answer. ________________________ ________________________ ________________________ ________________________ ________________________ ________________________ ________________________ ________________________ ________________________ ________________________ ________________________ ________________________ ________________________

140 Directions: Fill in the dialogue to complete the comic strip. Must be appropriate.

141 Directions: Respond to the statistic. Does this surprise you? Are men better leaders than men? _______________________________________ _______________________________________ _______________________________________

142 “The Moon” by Robert Bly After writing poems all day, I go off to see the moon in the pines. Far in the woods I sit down against a pine. The moon has her porches turned to face the light, But the deep part of her house is in the darkness. __________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________ Directions: Write your own 5 line poem about the moon or another object.

143 Directions: Write a six word memoire for today. _______________________________________ _______________________________________ _______________________________________ _______________________________________ _______________________________________

144 Directions: How much does your neighborhood define you? _______________________________________ _______________________________________ _______________________________________ _______________________________________ _______________________________________

145 Directions: Respond to the statistic. Does this surprise you? What does this say about society? _______________________________________ _______________________________________ _______________________________________

146 Directions: Write an acrostic poem for the word Family. F ______________________________________ A ______________________________________ M_____________________________________ _ I ______________________________________ L ______________________________________ Y______________________________________

147 Directions: Write a six word memoire for today. _______________________________________ _______________________________________ _______________________________________ _______________________________________ _______________________________________

148 Directions: Make your own comic strip about either your best day, worse day, or today.

149 Directions: Should we rethink how long students spend in High School? _______________________________________ _______________________________________ _______________________________________ _______________________________________ _______________________________________

150 Directions: Respond to the statistic. Does this surprise you? What does this say about science? _______________________________________ _______________________________________ _______________________________________

151 Directions: Write about your hero. _______________________________________ _______________________________________ _______________________________________ _______________________________________ _______________________________________

152 Directions: Fill in the dialogue to complete the comic strip. Must be appropriate.

153 Directions: Write about yourself. Use a simile or metaphor in your writing. _______________________________________ _______________________________________ _______________________________________ _______________________________________ _______________________________________

154 Directions: Who should be the next president of the United States? Why? _______________________________________ _______________________________________ _______________________________________ _______________________________________ _______________________________________

155 “The Poet” by Tom Wayman Loses his position on worksheet or page in textbook May speak much but makes little sense Cannot give clear verbal instructions Does not understand what he reads Does not understand what he hears Cannot handle “yes-no” questions Has great difficulty interpreting proverbs Has difficulty recalling what he ate for breakfast, etc. Cannot tell a story from a picture Cannot recognize visual absurdities Has difficulty classifying and categorizing objects Has difficulty retaining such things as addition and subtraction facts, or multiplication tables May recognize a word one day and not the next _________________________________ _________________________________ Directions: Respond to the poem. Do you have any of the same characteristics as a poet? Use details from the poem to support your response. ________________________ ________________________ ________________________ ________________________ ________________________ ________________________ ________________________ ________________________ ________________________ ________________________ ________________________ ________________________ ____________

156 Directions: If you could have dinner with any person, dead or alive, who would it be and why? _______________________________________ _______________________________________ _______________________________________ _______________________________________ _______________________________________

157 Directions: Respond to the statistic. Does this surprise you? Does this affect you? _______________________________________ _______________________________________ _______________________________________

158 Directions: How much time do you spend outdoors? Infer, why do you think people do not go outside as much anymore. _______________________________________ _______________________________________ _______________________________________ _______________________________________ _______________________________________

159 Directions: What do you want to be doing when you are 80 years old? _______________________________________ _______________________________________ _______________________________________ _______________________________________ _______________________________________

160 “Turtle” by Kay Ryan Who would be a turtle who could help it? A barely mobile hard roll, a four-oared helmet, She can ill afford the chances she must take In rowing toward the grasses that she eats. Her track is graceless, like dragging A packing-case places, and almost any slope Defeats her modest hopes. Even being practical, She’s often stuck up to the axle on her way To something edible. With everything optimal, She skirts the ditch which would convert Her shell into a serving dish. She lives Below luck-level, never imagining some lottery Will change her load of pottery to wings. Her only levity is patience, The sport of truly chastened things. __________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________ Directions: What are three reasons Kay Ryan gives for not being a turtle? Can you think of one more?

161 Directions: If you could live any place in the world, where would it be and why? You need three reasons. _______________________________________ _______________________________________ _______________________________________ _______________________________________ _______________________________________

162 Directions: Johnny Depp said: “As a teenager I was so insecure. I was the type of guy that never fitted in because he never dared to choose. I was convinced I had absolutely no talent at all. For nothing. And that thought took away all my ambition too.” Is this surprising? Do you feel like Johnny Depp? Explain. _______________________________________ _______________________________________ _______________________________________ _______________________________________

163 Directions: Respond to the statistic. Does this surprise you? Infer what this says about society. _______________________________________ _______________________________________ _______________________________________

164 Directions: Should video games be considered a sport? Explain. _______________________________________ _______________________________________ _______________________________________ _______________________________________ _______________________________________

165 Directions: David Elkind said: “Friendships in childhood are usually a matter of chance, whereas in adolescence they are most often a matter of choice.” Use that quote to tell a story about how you became friends with someone. _______________________________________ _______________________________________ _______________________________________ _______________________________________

166 Directions: Respond to the statistic. Does this surprise you? Can you think of a solution? _______________________________________ _______________________________________ _______________________________________

167 Directions: Write a six word memoire for today. _______________________________________ _______________________________________ _______________________________________ _______________________________________ _______________________________________

168 “The Rider” by Naomi Shihab Nye A boy told me if he roller-skated fast enough his loneliness couldn’t catch up to him, the best reason I ever heard for trying to be a champion. What I wonder tonight pedaling hard down King William Street is if it translates to bicycles. A victory! To leave your loneliness panting behind you on some street corner while you float free into a cloud of sudden azaleas, pink petals that have never felt loneliness, no matter how slowly they fell. __________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________ Directions: Why does the speaker roller-skate? What do you do when you are lonely?

169 Directions: Respond to the statistic. Does this surprise you? Do you eat any fruits or vegetables? Would this convince you to eat better? _______________________________________ _______________________________________ _______________________________________

170 Directions: Write a poem or story about the color red. _______________________________________ _______________________________________ _______________________________________ _______________________________________ _______________________________________

171 Directions: Write an acrostic poem for the word Love. L ______________________________________ O _____________________________________ V ______________________________________ E ______________________________________

172 Directions: Should parents let young children play tackle football? At what age should children be allowed to play? _______________________________________ _______________________________________ _______________________________________ _______________________________________ _______________________________________

173 Directions: Respond to the statistic. Does this surprise you? What is your opinion of technology? What jobs do you think technology can’t do? _______________________________________ _______________________________________ _______________________________________

174 Directions: How young is too young for a smart phone like an iPhone or Samsung Galaxy? _______________________________________ _______________________________________ _______________________________________ _______________________________________ _______________________________________

175 Directions: Should college football players get paid to play football? Explain. _______________________________________ _______________________________________ _______________________________________ _______________________________________ _______________________________________

176 Directions: Do kids need recess? If so, up until what age/grade? _______________________________________ _______________________________________ _______________________________________ _______________________________________ _______________________________________

177 Directions: When you are old enough, will you vote? Why or why not? _______________________________________ _______________________________________ _______________________________________ _______________________________________ _______________________________________

178 Directions: Respond to the statistic. Does this surprise you? Infer what this says about society. _______________________________________ _______________________________________ _______________________________________

179 Directions: How much do you text instead of call? Do you think younger people have lost the ability to communicate verbally? _______________________________________ _______________________________________ _______________________________________ _______________________________________ _______________________________________

180 Directions: What could you teach a person from an older generation? _______________________________________ _______________________________________ _______________________________________ _______________________________________ _______________________________________

181 Directions: If you had your own Talk Show, who would you want to interview? List five questions you would ask in the interview. _______________________________________ _______________________________________ _______________________________________ _______________________________________ _______________________________________

182 Directions: Respond to the statistic. Does this surprise you? How can we change this? _______________________________________ _______________________________________ _______________________________________

183 Directions: If you could go anywhere in the world, name three places you would go and explain what you would do and why. _______________________________________ _______________________________________ _______________________________________ _______________________________________ _______________________________________


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