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Romantic Period “The Story of an Hour”

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1 Romantic Period “The Story of an Hour”
See Vocabulary Handout “The Story of an Hour” by Kate Chopin Annotation technique/strategy Assistance with Multiple Choice Questions highlighting, circling, underlining words or phrases, and writing in the margins. The key is to develop close reading skills.

2 AP Vocabulary - TONE Understanding Tone – understanding what the author is saying. Tone is confused with Mood—Although they are different they, both tone and mood can have the same emotional impact. The author’s attitude, stated or implied, toward a subject is referred to as TONE. Tone Vocabulary –Attitudes: Neutral, Positive, and Negative (Handout 48-55)

3 Creating Study Guides AP Novel Guide -See Handout/
Complete a AP Novel Guide for Jane Eyre Complete a AP Novel Guide for The Things They Carried by Tim O’Brien

4 “The Story of an Hour” by Kate Chopin
AP Annotation Exercise Tone (Pos./Neg.) Connotation, Suspense Paradoxes Oxymoron Simile, Metaphors, Personification Imagery Irony – situational, dramatic Conflict – internal, external Diction ? ! _____  Connecting with the Text

5 Multiple Choice Annotation Technique
Discuss strategies students use when taking an exam….. Read the Story of an Hour by Kate Chopin Materials needed: pencil, black or blue pen, highlighter. Annotate the Text Review results – whole class Answer Multiple Choice Questions

6 The Romantic Age – (1785-1830) Norton D (xix-xxviii, 3-32)
“Shortest, but most complex and diverse as any other period in British Literature” (1) Literary scholars listed in the Romantic period throughout most of the 20th Century__ Wordsworth, Coleridge, Byron, Percy Shelly, and Keats (most noted for political, social and economic literary work(s)). Later others were identified Keats, and many women who defied social mores to publish or opted to write under pseudonyms.

7 Annotating the Text Read Anna Letitia Barbauld – “The Rights of Woman” (39-40). On a separate page make annotation notes on Literary Devices and authors tone. Read Charlotte Smith (53) Poem – “Written at the Close of Spring” (54) Poem – “To Night” (55) Annotate poems on a separate sheet of paper or use a TPCASTT

8 Anna Letitia Barbauld, “The Rights of Woman”
Until the last two stanzas, this seems to be a positive response to Mary Wollstonecraft's "A Vindication of the Rights of Woman"(1792), which was a radical look at the place of women in society. “Conquest or rule thy heart shall feebly move, In Nature's school, by her soft maxims taught, That separate rights are lost in mutual love.”

9 Charlotte Smith - Significant figure during Romantic Period, used of blank verse to convey a tone and emotion “To a Nightingale” Poor melancholy bird---that all night long Tell'st to the Moon, thy tale of tender woe; From what sad cause can such sweet sorrow flow, And whence this mournful melody of song? Thy poet's musing fancy would translate What mean the sounds that swell thy little breast, When still at dewy eve thou leav'st thy nest, Thus to the listening night to sing thy fate! Pale Sorrow's victims wert thou once among, Tho' now releas'd in woodlands wild to rove? Say---hast thou felt from friends some cruel wrong, Or diedst thou---martyr of disastrous love? Ah! songstress sad! that such my lot might be, To sigh and sing at liberty---like thee! (Poem)

10 Robert Burns Norton D: (165-7) “To a Mouse” (171-2)
On Turning Her up in Her Nest with the Plough, November, 1785 Apologies Sorrow Concern Harsh work and lives Destruction Couplets

11 Lord Byron (612-6) “She Walks in Beauty”
 I She walks in beauty—like the night   Of cloudless climes and starry skies, And all that's best of dark and bright   Meet in her aspect and her eyes; Thus mellowed to the tender light   Which heaven to gaudy day denies.      II One shade the more, one ray the less,   Had half impaired the nameless grace Which waves in every raven tress   Or softly lightens o'er her face— Where thoughts serenely sweet express   How pure, how dear their dwelling place.      III And on that cheek and o'er that brow   So soft, so calm yet eloquent, The smiles that win, the tints that glow   But tell of days in goodness spent A mind at peace with all below,   A heart whose love is innocent.

12 William Blake (112-6) “All Religions are One, The Voice of One crying in the Wilderness” (76) text against 18th Century Deism or “natural religion” Principle 1 “That the Poetic Genius is the true Man, and that the body or outward form of Man is derived from the Poetic Genius….by which the Ancients was call’d an Angel & Spirit & Demon…” Principle 7 “As all men are alike (tho’ infinitely various), so all Religions & as all similars have one source. The true Man is the source, he being the Poetic genius” Norton.com & Norton D page

13 William Blake (112-6) Songs of Innocence: (118-9)
“The Voice of One Crying in the Wilderness” “There is No Natural Religion a & b” (116-7) “The Lamb” (120) “The Chimney Sweeper” (121-2) Songs of Experience: (125) “The Human Abstract” (130)

14 Percy Bysshe Shelley (747-51)
“Adonais” (839) “To Night” (836-7) C&C to Charlotte Smith’s poem “To Night” “Ode to the West Wind” (791)

15 Ode (Greek “song”) A lyric poem in elevated, or high style…complex lyric poem that develops a serious dignified theme. Odes appeal to both the imagination and the intellect, and many commemorate events or praise of people or elements of nature. English ode is made up of: Stanzas of unequal length Often addressed to a natural force, person or abstract quality. Shelley & Keats examples of Odes Students will write an “ode”

16 John Keats (878-880) Some of his work criticized harshly.
Blackwood and Quarterly Reviews stated: he was an “under-educated Londoner” and “it is a better and wiser thing to be a starved apothecary than a starved poet” “Ode to Melancholy” (906-8)

17 John Clare (1783-1864) Considered a “natural poet” (850-1)
Was a common man “Wrote of his own experiences of everyday life country sights and customs” Not perfect, had mistakes in his writings—this was a part of his own writing… “I am” written August 2, (857)

18 Mary Wollstonecraft, “A Vindication of the Rights of Men” and “A Vindication of the Rights of Woman”
“first feminist or mother of feminism." Her book-lengthy essay on women's rights, and especially on women's education, A Vindication of the rights of Woman, is a classic of feminist thought, and a must-read for anyone who wants to understand the history of feminism.” Belonged to same social circle as Thomas Paine Wrote a book about her visit to Sweden and the book was criticized for its feeling and emotion

19 Classroom Activity The Case of Mary Wollstonecraft
Judge Prosecutor Jury (12 Angry Men) Defense Attorney Mary Wollstonecraft Rousseau Dr. Gregory George J. Romanes Sir Isaac Newton Observers (women & men)

20 Thomas Paine “Rights of Man”
“These are the times that try men’s souls” Common Sense Age of Reason The Crisis

21 Olaudah Equiano or Gustavus Vassa – The Slave Trade and the Literature of Abolition(88-9)
Autobiography nonfiction/fiction Themes, Slavery and Freedom from Chapter 3, 4, and 5 (98-105)

22 John Newton (90) “Amazing Grace” (Faiths Review
and Expectation” (90-1) https://search.yahoo.com/search;_ylt=ArzzUsa iTxX2YwxZ94w90uybvZx4?fr=yfp-t-901- s&toggle=1&cop=mss&ei=UTF- 8&p=john%20newton%20amazing%20grace

23 William Cowper (95-6) “The Negro’s Complaint” (96-7)

24 Jane Austen Quotes: “One half of the world cannot understand the pleasures of the other.” (Emma) “It is a truth universally acknowledged, that a single man in possession of a good fortune, must be in want of a wife.” Pride and Prejudice, 1811

25 Sense and Sensibility Jane Austen
8313/ Emma Thompson – screen-writer Use of William Shakespeare's Sonnet Themes: Social & Cultural Norms Inheritance Laws Emphasis on Marriage – Role of Women Men of (No) Virtue, Women of Pride Love


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