Presentation on theme: "Repent One of the hardest commands to obey For The Non-Christian"— Presentation transcript:
1Repent One of the hardest commands to obey For The Non-Christian Baptism is easyonce he repentsFor The ChristianConfession is easyonce he repentsIt is Hard Because:It is the turning point – decision making pointIt takes humilityIt involves an admission of wrong
2R e p n t a c Questions Need To Be Answered What is repentance? What does one have to do to repent?Is repentance something do on front pew?How is confession connected with repentance?Does an acknowledgment of sin equal repentance?
4I. The Requirement of Repentance A. Nearly Every Sermon Mentioned itJohn the Baptist (Matt. 3:2)Jesus (Matt. 4:17)Apostles to Jews – limited commission (Mark 6:12)Apostles to World – great commission (Lk. 24:45-47)- On Pentecost (Acts 2:38)- On Mars Hill (Acts 17:30-31)- Gentiles (Acts 11:18)
5I. The Requirement of Repentance A. Nearly Every Sermon Mentioned itB. Required:Alien Sinner (Acts 2:38; 17:30-31)Erring Christian (Acts 8:22)Before We Forgiven Another (Luke 17:3-4)
6I. The Requirement of Repentance A. Nearly Every Sermon Mentioned itB. Required:C. Either Repent or PerishLuke 13:32 Pet. 3:9Acts 17:30-31
7I. The Requirement of Repentance II. The Definition of Repentance
8II. The Definition of Repentance A. Word Defined1. metanoeo NT:3340, lit., "to perceive afterwards" (meta, "after," implying "change," noeo, "to perceive"; nous, "the mind, the seat of moral reflection"), in contrast to pronoeo, "to perceive beforehand," hence signifies "to change one's mind or purpose," always, in the NT, involving a change for the better, an amendment, and always, except in Luke 17:3,4, of "repentance" from sin.(Vine's Expository Dictionary of Biblical Words)
9NT:3340metanoeo (met-an-o-eh'-o); from NT:3326 and NT:3539; to think differently or afterwards, i.e. reconsider (morally, feel compunction):(Strong’s)
10Repent metanoeite (NT:3340) Repent metanoeite (NT:3340). A word compounded of the preposition meta (NT:3326), "after, with;" and the verb noeoo (NT:3539), "to perceive," and "to think," as the result of perceiving or observing. In this compound the preposition combines the two meanings of time and change, which may be denoted by after and different; so that the whole compound means to think differently after. Metanoia (NT:3341) ("repentance") is therefore, primarily, an after thought, different from the former thought; then, a change of mind which issues in regret and in change of conduct. These latter ideas, however, have been imported into the word by scriptural usage, and do not lie in it etymologically nor by primary usage. Repentance, then, has been rightly defined as "Such a virtuous alteration of the mind and purpose as begets a like virtuous change in the life and practice." Sorrow is not, as is popularly conceived, the primary nor the prominent notion of the word. Paul distinguishes between sorrow lupee (NT:3077) and repentance metanoia (NT:3341), and puts the one as the outcome of the other. "Godly sorrow worketh repentance" (2 Cor 7:10).(Vincent's Word Studies of the New Testament)
11II. The Definition of Repentance A. Word DefinedB. How Term is UsedGod repented: regret / change of mind (Gen. 6:6; Exo. 32:14)Change mind & conduct (1 Kings 8:47; Ezek. 14:6; 18:30)Regret – different word (Matt. 21:28-29; Matt. 27:3)Change of mind & life (Matt. 3:2; Acts 2:38; 8:22)
12II. The Definition of Repentance A. Word DefinedB. How Term is UsedC. Summary:Change of mindLook at sin differently than beforeThink differently – about what you’ve done.
13Repentance I. The Requirement of Repentance II. The Definition of RepentanceIII. The Elements of Repentance
15Godly Sorrow 1. Sorrow toward God 2 Cor 7:10 For godly sorrow produces repentance leading to salvation, not to be regretted; but the sorrow of the world produces death.Godly Sorrow
16Godly Sorrow 1. Sorrow toward God 2. Deep Contrition 2 Cor. 2:7 – Danger of too much sorrowPsa. 51:17 – David sorrowed over his sinPsa. 34:18 - Those who fear have broken heartIsa. 57:15; 66:2 – Lord favors a contrite heartMatt. 26:75 – Peter wept bitterlyGodly Sorrow
17III. The Elements of Repentance A. Godly SorrowB. Change of MindThis is whatrepentancemeans!
18III. The Elements of Repentance A. Godly SorrowB. Change of MindC. Change Of Life
19Change of Life 1. Involves Turning From Evil Thayer: “to change one’s mind for the better, heartily to amend with abhorrence of one’s past sins” (405).W. E. Vine says “this change of mind involves both a turning from sin and a turning to God” (III: 281).Kittel’s Theological Dictionary Of The New Testament suggest that repentance involves turning away from evil (IV: 1004).A. T. Robertson said that when John called upon his hearers to repent, “John did not call on people to be sorry, but to change their mental attitudes and conduct” (Word Pictures In The New Testament, I: 24)Change of Life
20Nineveh “…repented at the 1. Involves Turning From Evil2. Ceasing of SinNineveh “…repented at thepreaching of Jonah…”(Matt. 12:41)“…they turned from theirevil way…”(Jonah 3:10)Change of Life
21Change of Life 1. Involves Turning From Evil 2. Ceasing of Sin 3. Fruits of repentance (Matt. 3:8)4. If No Change – No Repentance2 Cor. 12:20-21Rev. 9:20-215. New & Different Life (Rom. 6:4)Change of Life
22Change of Life Godly Sorrow Deep Contrition ProducesGodlySorrowDeepContritionProducesRepentance(Changeof Mind)
23Repentance I. The Requirement of Repentance II. The Definition of RepentanceIII. The Elements of RepentanceIV. Questions & ClarificationAbout Repentance
24IV. Questions & Clarification About RepentanceA. These Are Not Repentance:Confession - (Possible to confess without repenting)Reporting - (come forward to report what done)Mere Regret - (Matt. 27:2-4; Change is missing)Mere Change – (Missing deep contrition)“Repent” but still justify actionA ritual one goes through when he sins
25IV. Questions & Clarification About RepentanceA. These Are Not Repentance:B. Questions
26Q A What about what some call an “attitude of repentance”? 1.The Bible does not speak of an “attitude of repentance”.2. Some think that if we have an “attitude of repentance” – automatic cleansing.3. Repenting is more than just an attitude – i.e. as prayer is more than attitude.4. Repentance is a specific act (Acts 8:22)5. What about the attitude of:Singing?Attending?Giving?
27Does one have to recall every sin when he repents?Q1. Difference in recalling every sin & recalling every instance of sin.2. Acts 8:22 – told to repent of “this thy wickedness”3. Repentance of the same sin we confessionConfess our sins (1 John 1:9)Confess trespasses (Jas. 5:16)ANot just that we do sin
28What if one plans to sin and later repents?Q1. Repentance must be sincere2. If one sins thinking – that “I can repent” is not sincerely repenting.Not sorry with godly sorrowNot changing the mindNot likely to change the practice3. However, one can certainly repent of a sin he had planned (Acts 8:22; 1 Jno. 1:7-9)A
29Q A How should we react to one who says he repents, but we don’t know if he really has or not?QALuke 17:3-43 Take heed to yourselves. If your brother sins against you, rebuke him; and if he repents, forgive him.4 And if he sins against you seven times in a day, and seven times in a day returns to you, saying, 'I repent,' you shall forgive him."If one repents we should forgiveNot to forgive until he does repentIf one says “I repent”, we are to forgiveIf one repents several times for the same sin – we are to forgive.
30Repentance I. The Requirement of Repentance II. The Definition of RepentanceIII. The Elements of RepentanceIV. Questions & ClarificationAbout Repentance