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IMPROVING VOCABULARY SKILLS Fourth Edition Sherrie L. Nist © 2010 Townsend Press.

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Presentation on theme: "IMPROVING VOCABULARY SKILLS Fourth Edition Sherrie L. Nist © 2010 Townsend Press."— Presentation transcript:

1 IMPROVING VOCABULARY SKILLS Fourth Edition Sherrie L. Nist © 2010 Townsend Press

2 Unit Four: Chapter 20 averse endow detract expulsion disdain mortify divulge nullify elationominous

3 TEN WORDS IN CONTEXT Choose the meaning closest to that of the boldfaced word. 1 averse Averse means A. opposed. B. accustomed. C. open. That little boy was once so averse to tomatoes that the very sight of them made him gag. Being averse to screaming crowds, I’d rather just listen to my iPod than go to a rock concert. – adjective

4 TEN WORDS IN CONTEXT Choose the meaning closest to that of the boldfaced word. Averse means A. opposed. B. accustomed. C. open. That little boy was once so averse to tomatoes that the very sight of them made him gag. Being averse to screaming crowds, I’d rather just listen to my iPod than go to a rock concert. If the sight of tomatoes made the boy gag, he must have had an extreme distaste for them (been opposed to them). Being opposed to screaming crowds could make one prefer to listen to an iPod rather than go to a concert. 1 averse – adjective

5 TEN WORDS IN CONTEXT Choose the meaning closest to that of the boldfaced word. 2 detract – verb Detract means A. to result. B. to benefit. C. to take away. Julius thinks the scar on his cheek detracts from his good looks, but it’s barely noticeable. All of the litter in the park certainly detracts from the beauty of the trees and flowers.

6 TEN WORDS IN CONTEXT Choose the meaning closest to that of the boldfaced word. Detract means A. to result. B. to benefit. C. to take away. Julius thinks the scar on his cheek detracts from his good looks, but it’s barely noticeable. All of the litter in the park certainly detracts from the beauty of the trees and flowers. A scar would take away from a person’s good looks. Litter takes away from the beauty of trees and flowers. 2 detract – verb

7 TEN WORDS IN CONTEXT Choose the meaning closest to that of the boldfaced word. 3 disdain The snobby server in the French restaurant viewed Tanya with disdain because she couldn’t pronounce anything on the menu. I was afraid my request to see the state senator would be treated with disdain. Instead, the senator’s secretary politely made an appointment for me. – noun Disdain means A. pride. B. disrespect. C. sorrow. A protester expressing disdain for French president Sarkozy

8 TEN WORDS IN CONTEXT Choose the meaning closest to that of the boldfaced word. The snobby server in the French restaurant viewed Tanya with disdain because she couldn’t pronounce anything on the menu. I was afraid my request to see the state senator would be treated with disdain. Instead, the senator’s secretary politely made an appointment for me. Disdain means A. pride. B. disrespect. C. sorrow. If Tanya couldn’t pronounce the names of the dishes correctly, the snobby server would view her with disrespect. In the second item, instead of being treated with disrespect, the person was treated politely. 3 disdain – noun A protester expressing disdain for French president Sarkozy

9 TEN WORDS IN CONTEXT My father wouldn’t divulge the type of car he had bought, saying only, “It’s a surprise.” It’s against the law to ask people to divulge their age at a job interview. 4 divulge Choose the meaning closest to that of the boldfaced word. Divulge means A. to hide. B. to recall. C. to tell. – verb

10 TEN WORDS IN CONTEXT My father wouldn’t divulge the type of car he had bought, saying only, “It’s a surprise.” It’s against the law to ask people to divulge their age at a job interview. Choose the meaning closest to that of the boldfaced word. Divulge means A. to hide. B. to recall. C. to tell. If the father wanted it to be a surprise, he would not tell what type of car he bought. People cannot be asked to tell their age in a job interview. 4 divulge – verb

11 TEN WORDS IN CONTEXT Choose the meaning closest to that of the boldfaced word. Elation means A. anger. B. confusion. C. happiness. 5 elation – noun The principal shouted with elation when the football team scored the winning touchdown. Roy had expected to feel elation at his graduation. Instead, he felt sadness at the thought of not seeing his high-school friends every day. A bowler expressing elation Photo courtesy of Public Domain Images

12 TEN WORDS IN CONTEXT Choose the meaning closest to that of the boldfaced word. Elation means A. anger. B. confusion. C. happiness. The principal shouted with elation when the football team scored the winning touchdown. Roy had expected to feel elation at his graduation. Instead, he felt sadness at the thought of not seeing his high-school friends every day. The principle would shout with happiness when the team scored the winning touchdown. The sadness Roy felt is contrasted with the happiness he expected to feel. 5 elation – noun A bowler expressing elation Photo courtesy of Public Domain Images

13 TEN WORDS IN CONTEXT Choose the meaning closest to that of the boldfaced word. Endow means A. to equip. B. to curse. C. to threaten. Nature has endowed hummingbirds with the ability to fly backward. The author Oscar Wilde was endowed with the ability to find humor in any situation. While dying, he said of the ugly wallpaper in his hotel room, “One of us had to go.” 6 endow – verb

14 TEN WORDS IN CONTEXT Choose the meaning closest to that of the boldfaced word. Endow means A. to equip. B. to curse. C. to threaten. Nature has endowed hummingbirds with the ability to fly backward. The author Oscar Wilde was endowed with the ability to find humor in any situation. While dying, he said of the ugly wallpaper in his hotel room, “One of us had to go.” Nature has equipped humming birds with the ability to fly backward. Oscar Wilde’s deathbed remark demonstrates that he was equipped with the ability to find humor in any situation. 6 endow – verb

15 TEN WORDS IN CONTEXT Choose the meaning closest to that of the boldfaced word. Expulsion means A. being canceled. B. being forced out. C. being embarrassed. The manager told us we risked expulsion from the theater if we continued to talk on our cell phones during the movie. Expulsion from school is supposed to be a punishment, but some students may consider not being allowed to attend classes a reward. 7 expulsion – noun

16 TEN WORDS IN CONTEXT Choose the meaning closest to that of the boldfaced word. Expulsion means A. being canceled. B. being forced out. C. being embarrassed. The manager told us we risked expulsion from the theater if we continued to talk on our cell phones during the movie. Expulsion from school is supposed to be a punishment, but some students may consider not being allowed to attend classes a reward. Talking on cell phones in a theater during the movie can cause you to be forced to leave the theater. If a student is not allowed to attend classes, he or she must have been forced out of school. 7 expulsion – noun

17 TEN WORDS IN CONTEXT Choose the meaning closest to that of the boldfaced word. Mortify means A. to shame. B. to insult. C. to delay. It would mortify me if my voice cracked during my choir solo. I doubt anything will ever mortify me more than the streamer of toilet paper that clung to my shoe as I returned from the ladies’ room to rejoin my date in a fancy restaurant. 8 mortify – verb

18 TEN WORDS IN CONTEXT Choose the meaning closest to that of the boldfaced word. Mortify means A. to shame. B. to insult. C. to delay. It would mortify me if my voice cracked during my choir solo. I doubt anything will ever mortify me more than the streamer of toilet paper that clung to my shoe as I returned from the ladies’ room to rejoin my date in a fancy restaurant. Having one’s voice crack while singing a solo would make one feel shame and embarrassment. Trailing a streamer of toilet paper through a fancy restaurant would also make one feel shame and embarrassment. 8 mortify – verb

19 TEN WORDS IN CONTEXT Choose the meaning closest to that of the boldfaced word. Nullify means A. to renew. B. to reveal. C. to cancel. The college will nullify my student ID at the end of the term unless I update it with a new sticker. A soft-drink company decided to nullify its contract with a well- known athlete because he was convicted of drunken driving. 9 nullify – verb

20 TEN WORDS IN CONTEXT Choose the meaning closest to that of the boldfaced word. Nullify means A. to renew. B. to reveal. C. to cancel. The college will nullify my student ID at the end of the term unless I update it with a new sticker. A soft-drink company decided to nullify its contract with a well- known athlete because he was convicted of drunken driving. If one does not update one’s student ID, the college will cancel it. If the athlete was convicted of drunk driving, the company would cancel its contract with him. 9 nullify – verb

21 TEN WORDS IN CONTEXT Choose the meaning closest to that of the boldfaced word. Ominous means A. embarrassing. B. threatening. C. unworthy. 10 ominous To many, cemeteries have an ominous quality, particularly at night or on Halloween, when the threat of ghosts can seem very real. The sore’s failure to heal was ominous, a possible sign of cancer. – adjective An ominous sky

22 TEN WORDS IN CONTEXT Choose the meaning closest to that of the boldfaced word. Ominous means A. embarrassing. B. threatening. C. unworthy. To many, cemeteries have an ominous quality, particularly at night or on Halloween, when the threat of ghosts can seem very real. The sore’s failure to heal was ominous, a possible sign of cancer. To someone for whom the threat of ghosts seems very real, a cemetery would have a threatening quality. A possible sign of cancer would be threatening. An ominous sky 10 ominous – adjective

23 SENTENCE CHECK 1 1.People talking in a movie theater greatly ________ from the enjoyment of watching a film. 2.Because of the dark, _________ storm clouds, we canceled the softball game. Complete each item with the correct word from the box. A. averseB. detractC. disdainD. divulgeE.elation F. endowG. expulsionH. mortifiedI. nullifiedJ. ominous

24 SENTENCE CHECK 1 1.People talking in a movie theater greatly ________ from the enjoyment of watching a film. 2.Because of the dark, _________ storm clouds, we canceled the softball game. Complete each item with the correct word from the box. A. averseB. detractC. disdainD. divulgeE.elation F. endowG. expulsionH. mortifiedI. nullifiedJ. ominous People talking during a movie take away from the enjoyment of the film. If they canceled the game, the dark storm clouds must have been threatening. detract ominous

25 3.I’m _________ to speaking in public because I don’t enjoy making a fool of myself. SENTENCE CHECK 1 4.When he received the college scholarship, my brother felt such _________ that he wept with joy. 5.The results of the mayoral election were _________ after the townspeople found evidence of voting fraud. Complete each item with the correct word from the box. A. averseB. detractC. disdainD. divulgeE.elation F. endowG. expulsionH. mortifiedI. nullifiedJ. ominous

26 3.I’m _________ to speaking in public because I don’t enjoy making a fool of myself. SENTENCE CHECK 1 4.When he received the college scholarship, my brother felt such _________ that he wept with joy. 5.The results of the mayoral election were _________ after the townspeople found evidence of voting fraud. Complete each item with the correct word from the box. A. averseB. detractC. disdainD. divulgeE.elation F. endowG. expulsionH. mortifiedI. nullifiedJ. ominous averse elation nullified Fear of making a fool of oneself would make one dislike speaking in public. The words wept with joy tell you that elation means “a feeling of great joy.” If there was voting fraud, the results of the election would be cancelled.

27 6.The American water shrew is _______(e)d with feet that have air pockets, enabling the small animal to walk on water. SENTENCE CHECK 1 7.Some people want a law calling for the _________ of illegal immigrants. Others want them to be forgiven and allowed to stay in the United States permanently. Complete each item with the correct word from the box. A. averseB. detractC. disdainD. divulgeE.elation F. endowG. expulsionH. mortifiedI. nullifiedJ. ominous

28 6.The American water shrew is __________ with feet that have air pockets, enabling the small animal to walk on water. SENTENCE CHECK 1 7.Some people want a law calling for the _________ of illegal immigrants. Others want them to be forgiven and allowed to stay in the United States permanently. Complete each item with the correct word from the box. A. averseB. detractC. disdainD. divulgeE.elation F. endowG. expulsionH. mortifiedI. nullifiedJ. ominous Nature has provided the water shrew with feet that have air pockets. In contrast with those who want illegal immigrants to be allowed to stay, some people want a law that forces illegal immigrants to leave the country. endowed expulsion

29 9.Never trust Esta with a secret. She’ll _________ it the minute you turn your back. SENTENCE CHECK 1 Complete each item with the correct word from the box. A. averseB. detractC. disdainD. divulgeE.elation F. endowG. expulsionH. mortifiedI. nullifiedJ. ominous 10.The reporter was __________ when he learned that he had delivered much of his news story facing away from the TV camera. 8.Vinnie’s repeated boasts about his muscle-building backfired. They caused his date to look at him with _________, not admiration.

30 9.Never trust Esta with a secret. She’ll _________ it the minute you turn your back. 10.The reporter was __________ when he learned that he had delivered much of his news story facing away from the TV camera. 8.Vinnie’s repeated boasts about his muscle-building backfired. They caused his date to look at him with _________, not admiration. SENTENCE CHECK 1 Complete each item with the correct word from the box. A. averseB. detractC. disdainD. divulgeE.elation F. endowG. expulsionH. mortifiedI. nullifiedJ. ominous disdain mortified divulge The word admiration is a clue that disdain means the opposite: “scorn.” If Esta shouldn’t be trusted with a secret, she must be likely to reveal it. A television reporter would be humiliated to have made such a mistake.


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