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Early Chinese Literature and Thought (Volume A). China oldest surviving civilization regional identity versus cultural- political unity military elites.

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Presentation on theme: "Early Chinese Literature and Thought (Volume A). China oldest surviving civilization regional identity versus cultural- political unity military elites."— Presentation transcript:

1 Early Chinese Literature and Thought (Volume A)

2 China oldest surviving civilization regional identity versus cultural- political unity military elites sage rulers (Fu Xi) Yellow River

3 Huangdi and Fu Xi

4 China: Bronze Age Shang Dynasty bone divination ancestor worship 3,200-year history logographic “brush talk”

5 Zhou Conquest and Decline agrarian “Heaven” mandate King Wen, King Wu separation into eastern and western

6 Eastern Zhou Spring, Autumn Annals Period Warring States Period new diplomacy military technology advance end of old aristocracy Confucius

7 Confucians Mohists Daoists Logicians Legalists Yin-Yang Masters Master’s Literature

8 Confucius moral education analects Daoism Classic of Poetry “think no evil” “poor yet cheerful, rich yet considerate”

9 Zhuangzi Daoism anecdote dangers of persuasion necessity of language

10 Qu Yuan, Imperial China “Encountering Sorrow” Qin poor character, strong military 221 B.C.E. central bureaucracy

11 Legalist veneration of the written word oral persuasion applicable knowledge “The difficult thing about persuasion is to know the mind of the person one is trying to persuade and to be able to fit one’s words to it” (p. 1428). Han Feizi

12 Qin Burning of Books 213 B.C.E. intellectual disagreement practical manuals

13 Han Dynasty Emperor Wu campaigning Five Classics: Classic of Changes, Classic of Documents, Classic of Poetry, Spring and Autumn Annals, Record of Rites Sima Qian, history

14 The Emergence of Unified China

15 The Han Empire

16 What was the ancient Chinese Classic of Changes (the I Ching)? a. a farming text b. a divination text c. a history d. an early poetry anthology Test Your Knowledge

17 The earliest Chinese writing used characters that looked like: ___________. a. the Phoenician alphabet b. hieroglyphs c. bird and animal tracks d. elements like water, fire. and air Test Your Knowledge

18 The “Mandate from Heaven” was a way justifying which of the following? a. the correctness of one philosophy over another b. the importance of military rule c. changes in crop yield from year to year d. shifts in power from one dynasty to another Test Your Knowledge

19 What was “Masters Literature”? a. collections of great dramatic works b. collections of philosophical texts c. historical court records d. military strategy guides Test Your Knowledge

20 Visit the StudySpace at: For more learning resources, please visit the StudySpace site for The Norton Anthology Of World Literature. This concludes the Lecture PowerPoint presentation for The Norton Anthology Of World Literature


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