Presentation on theme: "Confucianism and Its Modern Value Confucius. The Main Difference Compared with Western Christianism ， the Confucianism are different in the structure."— Presentation transcript:
The Main Difference Compared with Western Christianism ， the Confucianism are different in the structure Judgment and morals norm can come from a person himself, Ideas come from the Jesus or God or other systems.
Contents: Classical Confucianism --- core value & characteristics Neo-Classical Confucianism --- representatives and thoughts --- characteristics --- functions The Innovation of Neo-Classical Confucianism --- Democracy --- Reform The Development of Confucianism and Confucianism Capitalism --- applied in Policy Maker --- applied in merchants
Philosophy of Classical Confucianism The core value of Confucianism is rén ( 仁 ). Rén is the virtue of perfectly fulfilling one's responsibilities toward others, it’s most often translated as "benevolence "or Goodness.
Li, is described by using some forms of the word ‘ritual’, it has also been translated as ‘etiquette' and ‘rules of proper behavior’. Doctrine of the Mean (Classical Theory) (Define "Mean" as an "Equilibrium" identified as "Harmony“) While there are no excitings of pleasure, anger, sorrow, or joy, the mind may be said to be in the state of Equilibrium. When those feelings have been stirred, and they act in their due degree, there ensues what may be called the state of Harmony. This Equilibrium is the great root from which grow all the human acting in the world, and this Harmony is the universal path which they all should pursue
(Classical Theory) Doctrine of the Mean (Define "Mean" as an "Equilibrium" identified as "Harmony“) While there are no excitings of pleasure, anger, sorrow, or joy, the mind may be said to be in the state of Equilibrium. When those feelings have been stirred, and they act in their due degree, there ensues what may be called the state of Harmony. This Equilibrium is the great root from which grow all the human acting in the world, and this Harmony is the universal path which they all should pursue
Zhu Xi or Chu Hsi He is a C onfucian scholar in Song Dynasty ( A.D 960–1279) The most influential rationalist Neo-Confucian He pushes Confucianism to a higher state, which make it become a Confucianism development milestone of the history
Li (lĭ) is a concept found in Neo-Confucian Chinese philosophy. It’s the principle that is in everything and governs the universe. Each person has a perfect li. Individuals should act perfectly moral It may be translated as rational principle or law and not to be confused with li The sum of Li is Taiji
His Achievements He added ideas from Daoism and Buddhism into Confucianism. Zhu Xi Innovated Interpretation of the Nature of Mind in Traditional Confucianism The Impact of "Having Respect" upon Zhu Xi's Cultivation of Mind
Lì can be translated as Benefit This is doing the exact thing for the Benefit reason. Lì is based upon one’s satisfaction.
Yì can be translated as righteousness This is doing the right thing for the right reason. Yì is based upon reciprocity.
How to Identify Gentleman vs Flunky In Confucianism 's views, Pursuing "benefit" to still pursue "righteousness" is the basic difference of mean person and gentleman.“ Benefit“ should obey "righteousness“. Going "righteousness" is a person should overcome man's natural nature, then overcome benefit yourself to achieve morals ideal.
Huang Zongxi (1610-1695) Huang was notable for being one of the first Neo-Confucians to stress the need for constitutional law and considered as the father of the Enlightenment in China Waiting for the Dawn was a summary of ideas about political reform. The political tract begins with a condemnation of selfish autocratic rule, and declares that the world should belong to the people
Kang Youwei He was surely one of the first advocates of Western communism in China. Hundred Days' Reform In it, Kang proposed a utopian future world that would be free of political boundaries, ruled by one central government, but under democratic rule. This was unusual for a Confucian scholar during his time. He believed that Western technological progress had a central role in saving humanity.
Neo-Confucianism was spread to North Korea, then stream into Japan, once it become very popular in Japan, which influence rather greatly. In Korea, People believe of various religion, but in the ethics morally regard Confucianism as principle. After the western civilization invade Korean society, various social problem has increment, but the Korean government use the ethics morals of Confucianism as the check and supervision strength which supports a social stability, turning a Confucianism in the education deeply.
The Development of Confucianism More than 156 Confucius Institute have been set up around the world. Three of them are in Canada, the famous one in Vancouver In China, after 1984, the Fete Ceremony for Confucius was resumed In Korea and Japan, almost every year, this ceremony is held by the government.
The Application of Neo-Confucianism In East Asia
In China, Harmonious society This idea deviates China's focus from economic growth to overall societal balance. Hu-Wen New Administration President Hu Jintao and Premier Wen Jiabao have adopt more reform-oriented and more open-minded policy. Premier Wen always wear a overcoat which has ten year history.
Confucianism Capitalism 1. Collectivism vs Individualism Example: Li Jiacheng —The Li Ka Shing Foundation To date, the sponsorships and commitments approx.$ 990 million 2. Doctrine of the Mean in Business Competition Stress to moderate and response. Appeal greatly and together and save small difference, oppose competing excessively
Conclusion The essence of Confucianism is commonalty Confucianism. Its fundamental spirits is maintaining society run harmoniously. Confucianism is not only the ancient Chinese social govern and management theory, but also compatible with democracy and political theories, even with western democracy and communism theory.