Presentation on theme: "Catharsis. Etymology of “Catharsis” derived from the infinitive Ancient Greek: καθαίρειν transliterated as kathairein "to purify, purge," and adjective."— Presentation transcript:
Etymology of “Catharsis” derived from the infinitive Ancient Greek: καθαίρειν transliterated as kathairein "to purify, purge," and adjective Ancient Greek: καθαρός katharos "pure or clean.“ καθαίρεινκαθαρός In medical terms, it means literally to purge the body of menstrual fluid or other reproductive material
Defined “Catharsis” in drama refers to a sudden emotional climax that evokes overwhelming feelings of great sorrow, pity, laughter or any other extreme change in emotion, resulting in restoration, renewal and revitalization in members of the audience.
Purpose of Catharsis To purge extreme emotions. "It is the human soul that is purged of its excessive passions.” -Aristotle, Poetics In dramatic theory, catharsis provided a means for people to live vicariously through the actors on the stage; they were the hero conquering the villain, or the mother losing her son.
Purpose of Catharsis Catharsis extends to all genres of art The best protagonists in literature are those that we most closely identify with, and most profoundly feel for.
Five Primary Types of Catharsis Happiness Sorrow Hate or anger Fear Disgust Based upon the five primary emotions as discussed by Paul Ekman
Happiness Happiness is achieved through the attainment of a goal; its physical manifestation is laughter Since the primary goal of humanity is to procreate, love is a theme central to happiness
Love Platonic-the love felt between close friends Paternal-the love felt between a parent and child Romantic-Romeo and Juliet; Erotic-purely physical love; lust
Sorrow Usually inspired by a profound loss Often connected with love Inspires fear; it is the potential for sorrow that makes us afraid
Hate or Anger Hate or anger can arise from many sources: Sense of injustice Perception of bias Jealousy Infliction of injury Being hated Pity is the result of empathic anger
Fear Fear is inspired by sorrow; when the potential for sorrow exists, we are afraid Fear is caused by uncertainty; we are comfortable in the world we know, but are afraid when the potential exists for that world to be lost How do we overcome fear? Pity may result from empathic fear.
Disgust All people have an innate understanding of how they and others should be treated; this defines humanity Reaction to inhumanity Effective tool of satire (i.e. “A Modest Proposal”) Disgust is the physical manifestation of pity; it often creates a feeling of nausea.
Describing Catharsis Catharsis is essentially what the text makes people feel –The emotions of the self (reader) –The emotions of others (characters; representations of society) –The relationships, both literal and expressed, between the two