Presentation on theme: "Axiom - a universally accepted principle or rule. usually self-evident. not necessarily always true. Maxim – a set rule or principle for action. usually."— Presentation transcript:
Axiom - a universally accepted principle or rule. usually self-evident. not necessarily always true. Maxim – a set rule or principle for action. usually pithy or terse. accepted as always true.
1) They are requirements these are characteristics of Jesus’ target audience. not everyone who is poor will be saved nor will all the rich be condemned. 2) They are encouragement they speak to those who suffer to follow Jesus. they encourage people to continue following since there will be a reward. “Blessed are you who are poor, for yours is the kingdom of God.” (Luke 6:20) “Woe to you who are rich, for you have already received your comfort.” (Luke 6:24)
[Jesus]…said to him, “You still lack one thing. Sell everything you have and give to the poor, and you will have treasure in heaven. Then come, follow me.” When he heard this, he was very sad, since he was very wealthy. Jesus looked at him and said, “How hard it is for the rich to enter the kingdom of God! Indeed, it is easier for a camel to go through the eye of a needle than for someone who is rich to enter the kingdom of God.” Those who heard this asked, “Who then can be saved?” Jesus replied, “What is impossible with man is possible with God.” (Luke 18:22-27)
Jesus looked at him and said, “How hard it is for the rich to enter the kingdom of God!” “He has filled the hungry with good things but has sent the rich away empty.” (Luke 1:53) “‘Fool! This night your soul is required of you. Who will get what you have prepared for yourself?’ This is how it will be with whoever stores up things for themselves but is not rich toward God.” (Luke 12:20-21)
Don’t fall into a trap! ▪ We tend to rationalize and justify our disobedience to difficult teachings, such as those about money. ▪ We sometimes spin or twist Jesus’ words so that He ends up saying something completely different from what He actually said. “How hard it is for the rich to enter the kingdom of God!” δυσκ ό λως (dyskolos) – “hard” or “with difficulty”
“Blessed are you who are poor, for yours is the kingdom of God.” (Luke 6:20) “Woe to you who are rich, for you have already received your comfort.” (Luke 6:24) Generally speaking… ▪ the rich feel secure because of their wealth. ▪ the poor have nothing to trust in but God. being wealthy is a barrier to entering God’s Kingdom. being poor forces you to seek someone (God) to help.
“Blessed are you who hunger now, for you will be satisfied.” (Luke 6:21a) “Woe to you who are well fed now, for you will go hungry.” (Luke 6:25a) ἐ μ π ί π λημι (empimplemi) – “full” or “well fed” to take one's fill of, glut one's desire for, satisfy, sate π ειν ά ω (peinao) – “hunger” to suffer from hunger because of neediness “Whoever eats my flesh and drinks my blood has eternal life…my flesh is real food and my blood is real drink. Whoever eats my flesh and drinks my blood remains in me, and I in them…Your ancestors ate manna and died, but whoever feeds on this bread will live forever.” (John 6:54-58)
“…do not be anxious about your life, what you will eat or what you will drink…Is not life more than food…Look at the birds of the air: they neither sow nor reap nor gather into barns, and yet your heavenly Father feeds them. Are you not of more value than they?... Therefore do not be anxious, saying, ‘What shall we eat?’ or ‘What shall we drink?’…For the Gentiles seek after these things, and your heavenly Father knows that you need them. But seek first the kingdom of God and his righteousness, and all these things will be added to you.” (Matthew 6:25-33)
“Hallelujah! For our Lord God Almighty reigns. Let us rejoice and be glad and give him glory! For the wedding of the Lamb has come…Blessed are those who are invited to the wedding supper of the Lamb!” (Revelation 19:6-9) “Blessed are you who weep now, for you will laugh.” (Luke 6:21b) “Woe to you who laugh now, for you will mourn and weep.” (Luke 6:25b) γελ ά ω (gelao) – “laugh” to laugh and make merry κλα ί ω (klaio) – “weep” to mourn, weep or lament as a sign of pain and grief “Go throughout the city of Jerusalem and put a mark on the foreheads of those who grieve and lament over all the detestable things that are done in it.” (Ezekiel 9:4)
“Their destiny is destruction, their god is their stomach, and their glory is in their shame. Their mind is set on earthly things. But our citizenship is in heaven. And we eagerly await a Savior from there, the Lord Jesus Christ, who, by the power that enables him to bring everything under his control, will transform our lowly bodies so that they will be like his glorious body.” (Philippians 3:19-21) “For our light and momentary troubles are achieving for us an eternal glory that far outweighs them all. So we fix our eyes not on what is seen, but on what is unseen, since what is seen is temporary, but what is unseen is eternal.” (II Corinthians 4:17-18) “So do not worry, saying, ‘What shall we eat?’ or ‘What shall we drink?’ or ‘What shall we wear?’ For the pagans run after all these things, and your heavenly Father knows that you need them. But seek first his kingdom and his righteousness, and all these things will be given to you as well.” (Matthew 6:31-33)
“Blessed are you when people hate you, when they exclude you and insult you and reject your name as evil, because of the Son of Man.” (Luke 6:22) “Woe to you when everyone speaks well of you, for that is how their ancestors treated the false prophets.” (Luke 6:26) “Whoever welcomes a prophet as a prophet will receive a prophet’s reward…” (Matthew 10:41a) “There will be weeping there, and gnashing of teeth, when you see Abraham, Isaac and Jacob and all the prophets in the kingdom of God, but you yourselves thrown out.” (Luke 13:28)
▪ Seek faithfulness to God, not popularity with man. ▪ If persecution arises because of our faithfulness to God, consider it a badge of honor. “Fear of man will prove to be a snare, but whoever trusts in the Lord is kept safe.” (Proverbs 29:25) “From now on, let no one cause me trouble, for I bear on my body the marks of Jesus.” (Galatians 6:17)
“But to you who are listening I say: Love your enemies, do good to those who hate you, bless those who curse you, pray for those who mistreat you.” (Luke 6:27-28)
“Love your enemies, do good to those who hate you, bless those who curse you, pray for those who mistreat you.” ἐ χθρ ό ς (echthros) – “enemies” one that is hostile; enemy. μισ έ ω (miseo) – “hate” pursue with hatred. καταρ ά ομαι (kataraomai) – “curse” to doom or imprecate evil upon. ἐ π ηρε ά ζω (epereazo) – “mistreat” to insult, treat abusively, revile or threaten with harm.
“Love your enemies, do good to those who hate you, bless those who curse you, pray for those who mistreat you.” ἀ γα π ά ω (agapao) – “love” verb form of “agape” selfless, sacrificial, unconditional love. Eros - physical, sensual love between a husband and wife. Philos - close friendship or brotherly love. Storge - family love among parents, children and siblings.
“Love your enemies, do good to those who hate you, bless those who curse you, pray for those who mistreat you.” Love – active, deliberate act to benefit another. Do good to – honor, perform a good deed on behalf of. Bless – praise, speak well of. Pray for – offer prayer on behalf of, petition. “You see, at just the right time, when we were still powerless, Christ died for the ungodly…But God demonstrates his own love for us in this: While we were still sinners, Christ died for us.” (Romans 5:6-8)
Passage ThoughtPoint Matthew 5:29-30 Cutting off a hand Hating sin or gouging out an eye Matthew 19:24 A camel going through Difficulty the eye of a needle Luke 6:41-42 A beam in one's eye Clear judgment Luke 14:26 Hating one’s family Absolute commitment
“Therefore, since we are surrounded by such a great cloud of witnesses, let us throw off everything that hinders and the sin that so easily entangles. And let us run with perseverance the race marked out for us…” (Hebrews 12:1) The principle of intended meaning – interprets a passage seeking what the original author really meant. The principle of literal meaning – interprets a passage using the literal meaning of every word.
“If someone slaps you on one cheek, turn to them the other also.” (Luke 6:29a) “Love is patient and kind; love does not envy or boast; it is not arrogant or rude. It does not insist on its own way; it is not irritable or resentful; it does not rejoice at wrongdoing, but rejoices with the truth. Love bears all things, believes all things, hopes all things, endures all things.” (I Corinthians 13:4-7)
“If someone takes away your cloak do not withhold your tunic either.” (Luke 6:29b) “As charcoal to hot embers and wood to fire, so is a quarrelsome man for kindling strife.” (Proverbs 26:21) “Can a man carry fire next to his chest and his clothes not be burned? Or can one walk on hot coals and his feet not be scorched?” (Proverbs 6:27-28)
“Jesus said, “Father, forgive them, for they do not know what they are doing.” (Luke 23:34) “When they hurled their insults at him, he did not retaliate; when he suffered, he made no threats. Instead, he entrusted himself to him who judges justly.” (I Peter 2:23)
“Do not repay anyone evil for evil. Be careful to do what is right in the eyes of everyone. If it is possible, as far as it depends on you, live at peace with everyone. Do not take revenge, but leave room for God’s wrath, for it is written: ‘It is mine to avenge; I will repay,” says the Lord.’” (Romans 12:17-19)