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DEVISING A HOMILETICAL Kenyatta R. Gilbert, Ph.D. Associate Professor of Homiletics Howard University School of Divinity Washington, D.C. Copyright © 2014.

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Presentation on theme: "DEVISING A HOMILETICAL Kenyatta R. Gilbert, Ph.D. Associate Professor of Homiletics Howard University School of Divinity Washington, D.C. Copyright © 2014."— Presentation transcript:

1 DEVISING A HOMILETICAL Kenyatta R. Gilbert, Ph.D. Associate Professor of Homiletics Howard University School of Divinity Washington, D.C. Copyright © 2014 Kenyatta R. Gilbert

2 Four Claims 1.Preachers benefit from constructive homiletical criticism and theological reflection. 2. The sermon feedback loop is absolutely critical to a preacher’s professional development.

3 3. Every preacher ought to have a reliable homiletical plan—a working methodology that enables him or her to contribute something of theological significance in the preaching moment. 4. Without preparation there is no fitting and faithful speaking to one’s community, and certainly not beyond its borders.

4 THE PRINCIPAL QUESTION How do we develop and shape culturally relevant and theologically-informed sermons?

5 Setting up a Trivocal Sermon A good sermon is a theological conversation about what it means to speak of a promise- bearing God who addresses the real needs of real people.

6 JESUS’ INAUGURAL VISION “ The Spirit of the Lord is upon me, because he has anointed me to bring good news to the poor. He has sent me to proclaim liberty to the captives and recovery of sight to the blind, to let the oppressed go free, to proclaim the year of the Lord’s favor.” Luke 4: 16-21

7 Isaiah’s Vision revisited V. 2b and the day of vengeance of our God; to comfort all who mourn; 3. to provide for those who mourn in Zion— give them a garland instead of ashes, the oil of gladness instead of mourning, the mantle of praise instead of a faint spirit. They will be called oaks of righteousness, the planting of the Lord, to display his glory. Isa. 61:2b -4

8 V. 4-5a 4 They shall build up the ancient ruins, they shall raise up their former devastations; they shall repair the ruined cities, the devastations of many generation. 5 Strangers shall stand and feed your flocks, foreigners shall till your land and dress your vines; but you shall be called priests of the Lord, you shall be named ministers of our God.Isaiah a

9 Vision Particulars Speaks of a Vision Not Fully Realized Declares that Community Wellness is a Divine Concern Self-portrait of the Gospel in Threefold Scope

10 Preacher as Prophet Speaks of Divine Intentionality – good news to the oppressed; proclaiming release to the captives The Prophetic Voice – expresses unrelenting hope about God’s activity to transform church and society in a present-future sense based on the principles of justice.

11 CHARACTERISTIC MARKS

12 Preacher as Priest The “Ministry of Presence” – Comforting those who mourn; regard for righteousness The Priestly Voice - encourages, through a variety of Christian practices, the Christian formation of listeners in order to enhance themselves morally and ethically.

13 CHARACTERISTIC MARKS PLACES GREATER EMPHASIS ON MORALISTIC CONCERNS FOCUSES ON PRESERVATION OF THE CULTIC APPARATUS INTERPRETS REQUIREMENTS OF COVENANTAL OBLIGATION VOICE OF RELIGIOUS AND COMMUNAL SOCIALIZATION

14 Preacher as Sage Interprets the Common Life of Community of Worshipers – repairing the ruins, reclaiming traditions; building up and salvaging memory from past devastations. The Sagely Voice- confers the preacher and congregation’s wisdom ; daringly, it speaks within the context of radical social and ecclesial change for the purpose of keeping vital the congregation’s mission and vision.

15 CHARACTERISTIC MARKS CARRIES AN ELDERING FUNCTION corresponds with community storytelling (jaili-poet) RESIDENT THEOLOGIAN WHO KNOWS THE HISTORY OF THE CHURCH SEEKS TO DECODE COMPLEX SIGNS, SYMBOLS, AND TEXTS BESTOWS BIBLICAL WISDOM AND REALISTIC HOPE FOR FUTURE GENERATIONS

16 What is Trivocal Preaching? A ministry of Christian proclamation—a theo-rhetorical discourse about God’s good will toward community with regard to divine intentionality, communal care, and the active practice of hope—that finds resources internal to Black life in the North American context.

17 Crises of the Village Health: Diabetes, Hypertension, Cancer, HIV/AIDS, Substance Abuse. Relationship: Father/Mother Absenteeism, Teenage and Unwed Pregnancy, Incest, Child Molestation, Intimate Partner Violence. Socioeconomic: Unemployment, Underemployment Joblessness, Homelessness, High Foreclosures, Pay- day Lending. Societal: Racial profiling, Educational Disparity, Job Discrimination, Corporate Greed, Political Corruption.

18 FIVE BASIC ASSUMPTIONS DISCIPLINED PRAYER LIFE SENSE OF CALL BASIC KNOWLEDGE OF SCRIPTURE AND CHRISTIAN DOCTRINE CONFESSIONAL THEOLOGICAL COMMITMENTS HIGH APPRECIATION FOR CHRISTIAN WORSHIP

19 Four Tasks of Sermon Preparation A roadmap for assisting the preacher to envision the preaching task more holistically and self-critically. A conversation partner…not fixed formula. Over time should become a “cheat sheet”.

20 Task 1 Exploration Information gathering and listening stage. What has driven me to the task? Revelation in the Biblical Text or Response to a Rhetorical Situation?

21 Task 2 Clarification Intensifies exploration by isolating rhetorical situation and biblical claim on text. Self-critical exegesis first. Biblical exegesis thru Sociocultural window follows. Claim statement: What? So what? Now what?

22 Task 3 Internalization Preacher moves from exegetical reflection and issue clarification to crafting and indwelling. Draft –getting it out and talking it through. Redraft—shaping content. Third draft – polish to be rehearsed and digested.

23 Effective Sermon Design POINT to make IDEA to express SCENE to share CAUSE to promote DOCTRINE to set forth and apply ACTION to inspire FEELING to arouse DIRECTION to point out DIVINE PROMISE to share CAUTION to give PERSON to claim James Earl Massey, Designing the Sermon

24 Task 4 Proclamation Final and riskiest task. Preacher gives voice to what has been interpreted, crafted, and indwelled. The preacher doesn’t preach exegesis but proclaims the gospel (which is informed by the exegetical process). Help people envision a God who comes near.

25 More Detailed Information Book The Journey and Promise of African American Preaching $20 More Detailed Information Book The Journey and Promise of African American Preaching $20

26 The Preaching Project Website: kenyattagilbert.com Join Our Mailing List Send us your prayer requests and testimonies Join our M.A.P. program us: Follow us on Facebook: The Preaching Project Follow us on Twitter: preachingproj

27 Equipping the Saints National Study at HUSD of Promising Practices of Black Congregations Areas: Washington, DC, Detroit, Atlanta, Tuskegee Subject areas: Gentrification, Youth and Family Services, Preaching, Health Disparities, Inclusion Visit: blackcongregations.org


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