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1. How would you define religion? 2. How would you define philosophy? 3. Are these terms the same? Different? 4. Name some examples.

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Presentation on theme: "1. How would you define religion? 2. How would you define philosophy? 3. Are these terms the same? Different? 4. Name some examples."— Presentation transcript:

1 1. How would you define religion? 2. How would you define philosophy? 3. Are these terms the same? Different? 4. Name some examples.

2 Philosophy has its origins in Greek: Philo = friend or love/lover Sophia = Wisdom or knowledge. Put together, philosophy means “love of knowledge.” A search for wisdom Religion- A particular system of faith and worship (ceremonies and rules) Believing vs reasoning Explanation vs way of life

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4 Siddhartha Gautama came from a Hindu family 2500 years ago. He lived a life of luxury and privilege. Old man, a sick man and a corpse Ascetic life didn’t work After reaching enlightenment, he became a teacher

5 Buddha means “the enlightened” or “the awakened one” Buddha is NOT a God, but a teacher Buddhism is a nontheistic religion a Buddha is a fully awakened being who has completely purified his mind of 3 poisons Desire, aversion, ignorance No longer bound by samsara, end of suffering that unawakened people experience in life

6 1. Life is full of suffering 2. The main cause for suffering is desire Greed and desire Ignorance and delusion Hatred and destruction 3. The way to end desire is eliminating desire for selfish goals 4. We can stop desires through the Middle Path (Eightfold Path)

7 Right View Right intention Right speech Right action Right livelihood Right effort Right mindfulness Right concentration

8 Bhavacakra

9 What is Karma? The ultimate goal is to escape samsara (process of cycling through one rebirth after another within the six realms of existence,[a] where each realm can be understood as physical realm or a psychological state characterized by a particular type of suffering) Dharma? Bodhisattva: one who is on the path to buddhahood (enlightenment)

10 Devotion Bowing Offerings Pilgrimage Chanting Meditative Absorption Yoga

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12 Entered China through the Silk Road Theravada: School of the Elders (Sri Lanka, Cambodia, Laos, Thailand, Myanmar, etc. Mahayana: The Great Vehicle (China, Korea, Japan, Vietnam, Singapore, Taiwan etc.)

13 “The secret of health for both mind and body is not to mourn for the past, nor to worry about the future, but to live the present moment wisely and earnestly.”

14 “However many holy words you read, however many you speak, what good will they do you if you do not act on upon them?”

15 “Holding on to anger is like grasping a hot coal with the intent of throwing it at someone else; you are the one who gets burned.”

16 “There is no path to happiness: happiness is the path.”

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18 The Tao = The way Live naturally with the world around you Originated 2000 years ago in China Lao Tzu Tao Te Ching Contributor to Taoism “The Way is to man as rivers and lakes are to fish, the natural condition of life.”

19 Notice how all things are interconnected When there is harmony, everything is easy and good. When there is disharmony, things get ugly Example? So go with the flow. Swim with the river, sail in the direction the wind is blowing Taoists value openness, flexibility, humility, listening, adaptability, generosity, and unrestricted thought, emotion and action. Yin and yang, which are neither materials nor energy. They combine in a complementary manner and explain relationships

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21 Yang Yin Light Bright Dark Temperature Hot Cold Position Upper Lower Action Movement Rest Direction Outward Inward BALANCE

22 Universe started from the Tao Not a God, has many deities that are worshiped

23 There is virtue in all things (de= moral character, power, virtue) Violence is not encouraged, humility is very important Death should be accepted, it is part of life

24 “When you are content to be simply yourself and don't compare or compete, everyone will respect you.”

25 “A journey of a thousand miles begins with a single step.”

26 “Be content with what you have; rejoice in the way things are. When you realize there is nothing lacking, the whole world belongs to you.”

27 “Manifest plainness, Embrace simplicity, Reduce selfishness, Have few desires.”

28 1. Choose one of the quotes from your notes 2. Write it on a piece of blank paper 3. Write a 5-10 sentence paragraph response about what the quote makes you feel 4. Draw images around the quote and paragraph that represents what you imagine or any idea that comes to you 1. Make it creative and colorful 5. DUE FRIDAY APRIL 11, points paragraph response 10 points drawings 10 points paragraph response 10 points drawings

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30 Philosophy that structured society so that people could live harmoniously together in cities Focused on rules governing relationships and society

31 Humanist principles "the secular as sacred” personal and governmental morality correctness of social relationships justice and sincerity strong family loyalty, ancestor worship, respect of elders by children and of husbands by wives Recommended family as ideal basis for forms of government and interaction

32 Superiority & Inferiority The superior has the duty to love and provide for the inferior and the inferior has the duty to respect and obey the superior. (1) ruler and subject (2) father and son (3) elder brother and younger brother (4) husband and wife (5) friend and friend

33 By three methods we may learn wisdom: First, by reflection, which is noblest; Second, by imitation, which is easiest; and third by experience, which is the bitterest.

34 Real knowledge is to know the extent of one's ignorance.

35 “If I am walking with two other men, each of them will serve as my teacher. I will pick out the good points of the one and imitate them, and the bad points of the other and correct them in myself.”

36 1. Choose one of the quotes from your notes 2. Write it on a separate piece of blank paper 3. Write a 5-10 sentence paragraph response about what the quote makes you feel 4. Draw images around the quote and paragraph that represents what you imagine or any idea that comes to you 1. Make it creative and colorful 5. DUE FRIDAY APRIL 11, points paragraph response 10 points drawings 10 points paragraph response 10 points drawings


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