2Homer Homer is thought to have been born between 700 and 1000 B.C. According to tradition, he was blind.He composed these tales orally by assembling a number of earlier and shorter narrative songs.
3Homer begins by announcing the subject and asking a Muse—one of the nine goddesses of the arts, literature, and sciences—to inspire and help him write.BOOK-ONE-INVOCATION
4Iliad translates into “A poem about a Lion” The IliadThe Iliad is an epic poem that is a significant piece of literature.Iliad translates into “A poem about a Lion”There are 24 books, each bookwas written on a scroll and wouldhave taken about an hour for thebard to recite (sing)
5The Iliad VocabAn epic is a long narrative poem about the adventures of a hero whose actions reflect the ideals and values of a nation or race.
6The Iliad Vocab Epic Hero An epic hero is a larger-than-life figure who embodies the ideals of a nation or race.Epic heroes take on long, dangerous adventures and accomplish great deedsThey are known for having great courage and often possess superhuman strength
7The Iliad Epic Hero Examples of Epic Heroes Beowulf Frodo Hercules King ArthurAchillesLuke Skywalker
8Epic Simile (Homeric Simile) The Iliad VocabEpic Simile (Homeric Simile)An epic simile (aka. Homeric simile). It compares unlike subjects. Epic similes contain words such as like, or as, and may extend for a number of lines.In this example, Homer compares talks of truce to alliances between men and lions and wolves and sheep.
9The Iliad Epic Simile “Hector, I’ll have no talk of pacts with you, Forever unforgiven as you are.(Line 89)As between men and lions there are none, no concord between wolves and sheep, but all hold one another hateful through and through, so there can be no courtesy between us.
10The IliadThe Odyssey, with Odysseus and his men, is the sequel to the Iliad.In other words, the Odyssey picks up where the Iliad left off.
11The Iliad-The Trojan War Greece and Troy were traditionally rivals. Their quarreling finally led to a 10 year war.It started with the love story of Paris and Helen (the most beautiful woman) aka Helen of Troy.Read packet about Helen, Paris, and Troy
12The Iliad—The Trojan War Paris takes Helen back to Troy as his wifeHelen is already married to King Menelaus
14The Iliad—The Trojan War Helen is the daughter of Zeus and LedaLeda was raped by Zeus in the form of a SwanHelen was hatched 9 months later
15The Iliad--Achilles Achilles is the epic hero in The Iliad. Kleos—everlasting gloryHe is a great warrior butis not known for hisintelligence
16The Odyssey—Odysseus, the Hero Odysseus is one of the first Greek mythic heroes renowned for his guile as well as his muscle.The Iliad begins with WrathThe Odyssey begins with Man
17Achilles Heel Ironically, Achilles is killed by a poison arrow to the onlyvulnerable place on hisbody—His heel.
18Achilles Heel (a weakness) Achilles had beendipped Into TheRiver Styx asa baby. His heelwas the onlypart of his bodynot protected.
19The Iliad—The Trojan War We begin in medias res; Achilles is sulking in his tent while his soldiers are losing to the TrojansPatroclus, Achilles best friend, takes his armor and is killed by HectorAchilles’ mother and goddess, Thetis, visits him as he laments the loss of his friend
20The Iliad—The Trojan War Achilles complains that Hector has killed Patroclus and taken his armorHe vows vengeance on HectorThetis reminds him that Hector’s death will result in hastening his ownAchilles doesn’t careHe reminds his mother that everyone dies, even the great hero Heracles
22The Iliad—The Trojan War Achilles goes to fight HectorApollo intervenes by opening Troy’s gates, saving all Trojans except HectorAchilles chases Hector around the walls three timesAthena disguises herself as Hector’s brother, Deiphobus, and convinces Hector to stand and fight
23The Iliad—The Trojan War Hector attempts to get Achilles to agree to that the victor will allow a proper burial to the defeatedIn an epic simile, Achilles likens this pact to an agreement between men and lionsHe stubbornly refuses to honor the pact
24The Iliad—The Trojan War Achilles talks more trash to HectorThe duel is onAchilles throws his only spear and missesUnbeknownst to Hector, Athena has retrieved Achilles’ spearNow, Hector throws his only spearA glancing blow off Achilles’ shield
25The Iliad—The Trojan War Hector calls out for Deiphobus to bring him a new spearHe realizes he has been tricked by AthenaHector gathers his courage and attacks Achilles knowing this is the endHector is wearing Achilles’ armor and Achilles knows the vulnerable point—the throat
26The Iliad—The Trojan War Achilles drives the spear into Hector’s throat, not severing his windpipeHector is able to beg Achilles to allow his parents to bury him so that his soul can go to the underworld in peaceHard-hearted Achilles refusesHector advises Achilles that this sin could anger the gods against him
27The Iliad—The Trojan War Achilles swears to accept whatever punishment Zeus desiresOther Achaeans (Greeks) joined Achilles in stabbing Hector’s dead bodyAchilles discontinues the battle with the Trojans while he sees to the burial of Patroclus
28The Iliad—The Trojan War Achilles defiles and desecrates Hector’s body by dragging it around the city as Hector’s parents watchedPriam, King of Troy and Hector’s father, goes to beg Achilles to give him his son’s bodyHermes assists Priam by putting the sentries to sleep so that he can go to Achilles tent
29The Iliad—The Trojan War A Grace given in Sorrow (book 24) King Priam humbles himself to Achilles, kissing his hand (The hand that killed his son)Priam begs Achilles to think of his own father and how he might feelPriam tells Achilles that Ares (god of war) has taken all 50 of his sons
30The Iliad—The Trojan War A Grace given in Sorrow (book 24) Achilles then takes the ransom for HectorHe orders that the body be cleansed and kept out of Priam’s sight for fear the defiled corpse might enrage himPriam’s anger might get him killedAchilles asks Patroclus to forgive him for honoring his killer
31The Iliad—The Trojan War A Grace given in Sorrow (book 24) Achilles promises Priam that he may have his son at dawnHe then invites Priam for dinner—reminding him that even Niobe ate after her 12 children were slainAchilles and Priam agree to an 11 day truce to allow the Trojans time to mourn and bury Hector
32The Iliad—The Trojan War A Grace given in Sorrow (book 24) The evocation of Achilles father caused him to feel pity for King PriamThey both wept for their lossesAchilles blames Fate for their misfortuneAchilles tells Priam that his mother told him that Zeus wished the return of Hector
33The Iliad—The Trojan War The Trojan Horse“Beware of Greeks bearing gifts”Troy finally fell thanks to the guile of Odysseus. The Greeks pretended to give up. They built a huge wooden horse as a gift to the goddess Athena