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It’s Tuesday Have your binder open to « Analogies » tab. Get ready to think!

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Presentation on theme: "It’s Tuesday Have your binder open to « Analogies » tab. Get ready to think!"— Presentation transcript:

1 It’s Tuesday Have your binder open to « Analogies » tab. Get ready to think!

2 What is an analogy? a word problem made up of two word pairs a comparison between two different things with similar qualities improves reasoning and vocabulary skills Look for the RELATIONSHIP – that’s the key!

3 How do we solve an analogy? graceful : clumsy :: late : _______ The goal is to find a word that correctly completes the second pair. At first glance the words in an analogy may seem to have nothing to do with each other, but the words are always logically related. Both pairs of words have to have the same kind of relationship. To solve the analogy you need to find that relationship. Read the analogy like this: "Graceful is to clumsy as late is to blank."

4 Ask yourself: What is the relationship between graceful and clumsy? Well, they are antonyms—words with opposite meanings. So, the second pair of words must also be antonyms. Fill in the blank with a word that means the opposite of late, and you've solved the analogy. Early is the best answer.

5 SHIP: OCEAN :: _____ : _____ ( a) store : magazine (b) rocket : space (c) paper : writing (d) chalk : sidewalk It’s also a good strategy to make a sentence that defines the relationship. It should be a simple sentence that links the two words and illustrates their meaning. We might say: "A ship travels in the ocean.” Plug in the choices: (a) "A store travels in a magazine." (No. Eliminate.) (b) "A rocket travels in space." (Yes, could be the best match but check the rest to make sure.) (c) "Paper travels in writing." (No. Eliminate.) (d) "Chalk travels in sidewalk." (No. Eliminate.)

6 How does an analogy look? completed analogy: NIGHT: DAY :: DARK: LIGHT one to solve might look like this: NIGHT: DAY :: DARK: ______ a. morning, b. black, c. light, d. cold or, it might look like this: SHIP: OCEAN :: _____ : _____ a. store : magazine, b. rocket : space, c. paper : writing, d. sidewalk : chalk

7 Here are two types of analogies. Copy this in your notes: Synonyms – ex. yell : shout :: twelve : dozen Antonyms – ex. wealth : poverty :: dense : sparse

8 Now, let’s try it. Number your page 1-5 and solve. 1.system : method :: faith : _____ trust, mistrust, manner, courtesy 2.sympathy : pity :: awkward : _____ mourn, die, clumsy, puppy 3.yell : whisper :: tame : _____ docile, wild, animal, scream 4.empty : full :: awkward : _____ graceful, clumsy, helpful, hollow 5.delay: stall :: allow : _____ restrict, strict, late, permit

9 Now, let’s check. 1.system : method :: faith : trust 2.sympathy : pity :: awkward : clumsy 3.yell : whisper :: tame : wild 4.empty : full :: awkward : graceful 5.delay: stall :: allow : permit

10 It’s Tuesday Have your comp book open to « Analogies » tab. Get ready to think!

11 Here are four new types of analogies. Whole : part – ex: violin : string :: apple : core Part : whole – ex: string : violin :: core : apple General : specific – ex: bird : meadowlark :: flower : poppy Specific : general – ex: meadowlark : bird :: poppy : flower

12 Remember It’s a good strategy to make a sentence that defines the relationship. It should be a simple sentence that links the two words and illustrates their meaning. We might say: “One part of a car is a tire. One part of a tree is a _____. ”

13 Now, let’s try it. Number your page 1-5 and solve. 1.car : tire :: tree : _____ rubber, limb, wheel, grow 2.pie : dessert :: maple : _____ tree, eat, sweet, cut 3. roof : house :: wall : _____ room, straight, square, cracked 4.state : Nevada :: evergreen : _____ pine, needles, Christmas, cougar 5.foot: toe :: face : _____ finger, toenail, nose, arm

14 Now, let’s check. 1.car : tire :: tree : limb 2.pie : dessert :: maple : tree 3.roof : house :: wall : room 4.state : Nevada :: evergreen : pine 5.foot: toe :: face : nose

15 It’s Tuesday Have your comp book open to « Analogies » tab. Get ready to think!

16 Here are four new types of analogies. Thing : characteristic – ex: star : shiny :: windmill : tall Characteristic : thing – ex: shiny : star :: tall : windmill Group : member – ex: herd : cow :: flock : sheep Member : group – ex: cow : herd :: sheep : flock

17 Now, let’s try it. Number your page 1-5 and solve. 1.ant : tiny :: rabbit : _____ foot, carrots, soft, scratch 2.swift : deer :: slow : _____ turtle, sluggish, fast, crawl 3. partridge : covey :: card : _____ play, square, spade, deck 4.pair : sock :: grove : _____ glove, grow, green, tree 5.fire : hot :: candy : _____ lick, mouth, sweet, cold

18 Now, let’s check. 1.ant : tiny :: rabbit : soft 2.swift : deer :: slow : turtle 3.partridge : covey :: card : deck 4.pair : sock :: grove : tree 5.fire : hot :: candy : sweet

19 It’s Tuesday Have your comp book open to « Analogies » tab. Get ready to think!

20 Here are two new types of analogies. Thing or place : what it might contain or house – ex: fort : soldier :: court : judge Contents : place or thing containing it – ex: soldier : fort :: judge : court

21 Now, let’s try it. Number your page 1-5 and solve. 1.hive : bee :: library : _____ candy bar, socks, book, pencil 2.nest : bird :: burrow : _____ owl, kitten, banana, woodchuck 3. papers : desk :: food : _____ refrigerator, closet, berry, lettuce 4.fire : fireplace :: car : _____ tire, mechanic, garage, wreck 5.barracks : soldiers :: anthill : _____ robins, ants, mountains, anteaters

22 Now, let’s check. 1.hive : bee :: library : book 2.nest : bird :: burrow : woodchuck 3.papers : desk :: food : refrigerator 4.fire : fireplace :: car : garage 5.barracks : soldiers :: anthill : ants


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