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AN INTERACTIVE BAI FUNERAL By: Vincent Chang. WHAT IT IS ALL ABOUT I am part of a group of 16 students from Shanghai American School who have come to.

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Presentation on theme: "AN INTERACTIVE BAI FUNERAL By: Vincent Chang. WHAT IT IS ALL ABOUT I am part of a group of 16 students from Shanghai American School who have come to."— Presentation transcript:

1 AN INTERACTIVE BAI FUNERAL By: Vincent Chang

2 WHAT IT IS ALL ABOUT I am part of a group of 16 students from Shanghai American School who have come to Xizhou and stayed here for a month. We each chose our own Inquiry Topic in which we would research and create a final product. I chose to do Bai Funerals and this PowerPoint is my Final Product where I will share all the information that I have gathered. You can find more at sasmicrocampus.org.

3 INSTRUCTIONS  You will be presented with a slide which has a question and two or more answers on it, or a slide with a comment/remark and only one option.  Please select an answer/option which will lead you down a path.  Any answer is OK, there are no wrong answers (sort of), and you can always start again to explore a new path.

4 PART ONE: THE CASKET This is where your road will split, choose wisely (even though it does not matter). Have fun! Start

5 QUESTION ONE Has your relative, friend, whoever this “funeral” is for passed away yet? YesNo

6 QUESTION TWO How old is your friend, relative, whoever? Younger than 80 80 or older

7 STILL SO YOUNG Well, your friend, relative, whoever this is for, is still young and doesn’t need a casket yet. Wait another few years or until they pass away. After a few years…

8 QUESTION THREE Has your friend, relative, whoever bought a casket? YesNo

9 BUY A CASKET They should have bought a casket. Click here to go buy a casket

10 QUESTION TWO What age were they upon death? Younger than 80 80 or older

11 BUY A CASKET Go buy a casket for them (if someone has not done so yet). Click here to go buy a casket

12 QUESTION THREE What color is the casket painted? RedBlack Other

13 WHY RED? A red casket is only bought by people who pass away at an age of 80 or greater. Go back and buy a different colored one.

14 WHAT IS OTHER? The Bai Minority only have red and black caskets. They do not have any other colors Go back and buy a different colored one.

15 QUESTION THREE What color is the casket painted? BlackOther

16 QUESTION THREE What color is the casket painted? BlackRed

17 CHECK-POINT ONE Good job! In the Bai Minority anyone who passes away at an age under 80 is given a black casket because they did not live a long life. Those who pass away at an age of 80 or above are considered lucky for living a long life and are allowed to have a red casket (red is a lucky color in China). You have the basic preparations done. You can now proceed with the planning of the funeral. Click Here to Proceed Click Here to Start Again

18 QUESTION FOUR What color is the casket painted? RedBlack Other

19 WHY BLACK? A black casket is bought when the deceased person is younger than 80 when they die. Your friend, relative, whoever was 80 or older when they passed away, they can get a different colored casket. Go back and buy a different colored one.

20 WHAT IS OTHER? The Bai Minority only have red and black caskets. They do not have any other colors. Go back and buy a different colored one.

21 Other QUESTION FOUR What color is the casket? Red

22 QUESTION FOUR What color is the casket? RedBlack

23 CHECK-POINT ONE Good job! In the Bai Minority (at least) anyone who passes away at the age of around 80 or above is considered to be lucky because they lived a long life, therefore they are allowed to have a red casket instead of a black one (red is a lucky color in China). Caskets should be bought before death and made in the house by a casket maker. You have the basic preparations done. You can now proceed with the planning of the funeral. Click Here to Proceed Click Here to Start Again

24 PART TWO: THE HOUSE Congratulations, you have made it through Part 1! Now you are entering Part 2, where we will assume your relative, friend, or whoever has passed away a day ago. Take a moment to stretch, then get going. Moving on…

25 QUESTION ONE What will you put on the doors? Nothing Couplet ( 对联 )* Picture *An antithetical couplet written on red scrolls. It consists of two lines in which each character or phrase corresponds with the same one in the other line.

26 MOURN THE LOSS You need to mourn the loss of this friend, relative, or whoever. Go back and put something on your door

27 QUESTION ONE What will you put on the doors? Couplet ( 对联 )* Picture *An antithetical couplet written on red scrolls. It consists of two lines in which each character or phrase corresponds with the same one in the other line.

28 NOT A BAD IDEA I can see why you would want to put a picture of the deceased on the door, but that is not the tradition for the Bai minority. I have to say, they do keep a picture of the deceased in the 灵堂 * (mourning hall) that is in the house. Go back and try something else *Pinyin is líng táng

29 QUESTION ONE What will you put on the doors? Nothing Couplet ( 对联 )* *An antithetical couplet written on red scrolls. It consists of two lines in which each character or phrase corresponds with the same one in the other line.

30 WOOHOO, YOU GOT IT You were right, they do use 对联, but do you know what color? RedWhite Black

31 WELL, SORT OF… For the Bai Minority, white is the color of 对联 normally, but because this relative, friend, whoever was over 80 when he/she passed away, that is not the case. You probably know the answer, but choose again

32 WOOHOO, YOU GOT IT You were right, they do use 对联, but do you know what color? RedBlack

33 HOW IS IT POSSIBLE We are thinking tradition here, I do not think many cultures had ink that would show up on black. I understand how black is a symbol of death, especially in Western countries, but white is more the color of death in China than black. Sorry, but you need to choose again

34 WOOHOO, YOU GOT IT You were right, they do use 对联, but do you know what color? RedWhite

35 PART TWO: THE HOUSE Congratulations, you have made it through Part 1! Now you are entering Part 2, where we will assume your relative, friend, whoever has passed away a day ago. Take a moment to stretch, then get going. Moving on…

36 QUESTION ONE What will you put on the doors? Nothing Couplet ( 对联 )* Picture *An antithetical couplet written on red scrolls. It consists of two lines in which each character or phrase corresponds with the same one in the other line.

37 MOURN THE LOSS You need to mourn the loss of this friend, relative, whoever. Go back and put something on your door

38 QUESTION ONE What will you put on the doors? Couplet ( 对联 )* Picture *An antithetical couplet written on red scrolls. It consists of two lines in which each character or phrase corresponds with the same one in the other line.

39 NOT A BAD IDEA I can see why you would want to put a picture of the deceased on the door, but that is not the tradition for the Bai minority. I have to say, they do keep a picture of the deceased in the 灵堂 (mourning hall) that is in the house. Go back and try something else *Pinyin is líng táng

40 QUESTION ONE What will you put on the doors? Nothing Couplet ( 对联 )* *An antithetical couplet written on red scrolls. It consists of two lines in which each character or phrase corresponds with the same one in the other line.

41 WOOHOO, YOU GOT IT You were right, the Bai Minority does use 对联, but do you know what color? RedWhite Black

42 WELL, SORT OF… For the Bai Minority, red is the color of 对联 when someone is older than 80, but because this relative, friend, whoever was under 80 when he/she passed away, that is not the case. You probably know the answer, but choose again

43 WOOHOO, YOU GOT IT You were right, they do use 对联, but do you know what color? BlackWhite

44 HOW IS IT POSSIBLE I do not think there is any ink that would show up on black but black is the color of death in many countries. But that is not the case for the Bai Minority. Sorry, but you need to choose a different color

45 WOOHOO, YOU GOT IT You were right, they do use 对联, but do you know what color? RedWhite

46 NEXT, WHAT TO WEAR You got the doors finished, those who die before 80 use white 对联, and red ones if the deceased passed away at an age of 80 or older. Now you need to move onto clothing. What do you think the mourners wear? Click here to go back to the beginning to restart your path and see the differences when passing away at different ages White ClothingBlack Clothing Normal Clothing

47 WHY ALWAYS BLACK If you chose black, you must not have read the slide earlier on. Long story short, in China, black is not the color of death, white is. You should go back to check other paths and learn some more after you finish your path. Before you do that, go back and choose again

48 NEXT, WHAT TO WEAR You got the doors finished, now you need to move onto clothing. What do you think they wear? White Clothing Normal Clothing

49 IT DEPENDS White is the color of death/mourning in China, so it is a possibility. But as the title says, it depends. So, what is your relationship with the deceased? StrangerRelativeFriend

50 WHITE DOES NOT FIT YOU Traditions have changed a little, but strangers and friends do not wear white, only relatives do. Sometimes distant relatives do not wear white either. Go back into the closet and change your clothing

51 WHITE IS RIGHT White is the color relatives wear in a funeral. This comes in the form of a 孝布 (xiào bù) and white clothing. The 孝布 is a white cloth that is wrapped around the head and it “keeps” the spirit of the deceased inside. Friends and strangers who attend the funeral wear normal clothing and sometimes a white pin shaped like a flower if they were close with the deceased. Continuing on...

52 NEXT, WHAT TO WEAR You got the doors finished, now you need to move onto clothing. What do you think they wear? White Clothing Black Clothing Normal Clothing

53 IT DEPENDS Wearing normal to a funeral is a possibility, but according to this slide’s title, it depends. So, what is your relationship with the deceased? StrangerRelativeFriend

54 BE UNIQUE You should not wear normal clothing to the funeral of your relative. Go back into the closet and change your clothing

55 BE NORMAL As a stranger or friend, you do not need to wear white to the funeral. If you are a close friend, you could have a white flower shaped pin to pin to your clothing, otherwise, there is not much else you need. Relatives on the other hand need a lot more. You can see what relatives wear if you click on this string of text Continuing on...

56 CHECK-POINT TWO Congratulations, you have finished Part 2. I hope you have invited all friends and family, and hired a Dong Jing music band and a person to read the scriptures. If you have not, please do so now, I may be attending the funeral as a stranger and see exactly how much you learned. Moving on to Part 3

57 PART THREE: THE PROCESSION Congratulations for completing Part 2! You are now moving on to Part 3. Stand up and jog in place for a while if you start feeling tired. Once ready, get started. When Ready…

58 GETTING A MOVE ON Before the procession starts, the family of the deceased need to prepare a big meal outside or in their courtyard for anyone who cares to join. The scripture reader reads the proper scripture and the casket is placed into a carrier. The procession starts from the house Start the Procession

59 WHERE WILL YOU GO Once the procession starts, where will you go? The Big Tree Si Fang Jie (Town Square) Burial Grounds

60 WRONG ORDER You do have to go to the Big Tree in the procession, but not first. Go somewhere else first, you can go to the Big Tree next

61 WHERE WILL YOU GO Once the procession starts, where will you go? Si Fang Jie (Village Square) Burial Grounds

62 REALLY WRONG ORDER You do not go to the gravesite at the beginning of the procession, you go there at the end and bury the casket there. Go there at the end, for now, go somewhere else

63 WHERE WILL YOU GO Once the procession starts, where will you go? The Big Tree Si Fang Jie (Village Square)

64 AT THE FIRST STOP You have made it to Si Fang Jie, your first stop. What do you want to do now. Keep on goingAttract attention Weep and cry loudly

65 YOU WANT ATTENTION Why would you keep on going? You want everyone to know about the death. Go do something before leaving Si Fang Jie

66 AT THE FIRST STOP You have made it to Si Fang Jie, your first stop. What do you want to do now. Attract attention Weep and cry loudly

67 THAT’S NOT ALL In the Bai Minority, the wife, daughters, sisters are expected to weep uncontrollably, especially the wife while walking behind the casket. But not everyone is expected to. Choose something else to do

68 AT THE FIRST STOP You have made it to Si Fang Jie, your first stop. What do you want to do now. Keep on goingAttract attention

69 IN THE SPOTLIGHT Correct, at Si Fang Jie, you attract attention by setting off firecrackers, playing loud music, weeping/mourning loudly etc. It is also a sign of respect to the deceased. Now you will continue on past Si Fang Jie. Continue walking past Si Fang Jie

70 CROSSING RIVERS On the way to your next destination, the Big Tree, you find yourself at the bank of the river at one end of a bridge, how will you cross? BackwardsNormally Walk over the sons lying on the bridge

71 FACE FORWARDS I do not see why you would choose to cross the bridge walking backwards. Turn around and walk facing forwards

72 CROSSING RIVERS On the way to your next destination the Big Tree, you find yourself at the bank of the river at one end of a bridge, how will you cross? Normally Walk over the sons lying on the bridge

73 TRADITION The Bai Minority believe that the deceased are unable to cross rivers or bridges. In other words, you cannot walk normally. Try crossing in a different way

74 CROSSING RIVERS On the way to your next destination, the Big Tree, you find yourself at the bank of the river at one end of a bridge, how will you cross? Backwards Walk over the sons lying on the bridge

75 OVER THE SONS Because the Bai Minority believes that the deceased cannot cross rivers or bridges, the sons of the deceased must lie down on the bridge and have the casket brought over them. In this way, the deceased is able to cross the river. Head on to the big tree

76 THE BIG TREE You have almost made it to the end of the procession! But before moving on, what will you do at the big tree? Walk around it Burn items All of the above

77 HALF RIGHT You are half right, go try again Choose something else to do

78 THE BIG TREE You have almost made it to the end of the procession! But before moving on, what will you do at the big tree? Walk around it Burn items All of the above

79 HALF RIGHT You are half right, go try again Choose something else to do

80 THE BIG TREE You have almost made it to the end of the procession! But before moving on, what will you do at the big tree? Walk around it Burn items All of the above

81 PAST THE BIG TREE At the Big Tree, you must walk around it three times, symbolizing the soul of the deceased going up into heaven. You then burn clothe, blankets, and items the deceased frequently used so that they may use it before re-incarnating. You have gone past the big tree and are on your way to the grave site. But before you leave, do you know where to bury the casket? On the mountain By Lake Er Hai At a graveyard in Dali

82 IT IS POSSIBLE It is possible to bury the body next to Lake Er Hai, but that is only the case for those who have drowned in Er Hai; otherwise, the deceased is buried somewhere else. Go bury the casket somewhere else

83 PAST THE BIG TREE At the Big Tree, you must walk around it three times, symbolizing the soul of the deceased going up into heaven. You then burn clothing, blankets, and items the deceased frequently used so that they may use it before re- incarnating. You have gone past the big tree and are on your way to the grave site. But before you leave, do you know where to bury the casket? On the mountain At a graveyard in Dali

84 NO PLACE TO BURY The deceased are not buried in a grave yard in Dali. Go find somewhere else

85 PAST THE BIG TREE At the Big Tree, you must walk around it three times, symbolizing the soul of the deceased going up into heaven. You then burn clothing, blankets, and items the deceased frequently used so that they may use it before re- incarnating. You have gone past the big tree and are on your way to the grave site. But before you leave, do you know where to bury the casket? On the mountain By Er Hai Lake

86 CHECK-POINT THREE You have made it to the burial grounds! Give yourself a pat on the back and take a nap. You will be moving onto planning in the future. Get your minds ready and start planning ahead. Planning the future

87 PART FOUR: THE FUTURE You have buried the casket and are planning your calendar for the next few years. You need to include some special days and items to use. Let’s get started

88 THE NEAREST DATE You start with the days closest to now. When will you have your first date that is funeral related? In a monthIn a year First Chinese New Year

89 A LITTLE TO LONG One year is a little too long, you need to plan earlier. Click here to choose a different date

90 THE NEAREST DATE You start with the days closest to now. When will you have your first date that is funeral related? In a month First Chinese New Year

91 NOT THE FIRST STEP Chinese New Year should not be your first date. Click here to choose a different date

92 THE NEAREST DATE You start with the days closest to now. When will you have your first date that is funeral related? In a monthIn a year

93 HELP THE SOULS After a month, you have 五七 (five seven) where you help the soul 超 度. 超度 is to help the soul re-incarnate as soon as possible. It gets it’s name because five times seven is 35, which is the actual number of days after burial that you need to wait. Moving on to the second date

94 THE SECOND DATE After 五七 you need remember something special for Chinese New Year. What is the special thing? Couplet ( 对联 ) Firecrackers Clothing

95 NO EXPLOSION CHANGE Firecrackers do not change during first Chinese New Year after burying the deceased. Try finding something else

96 THE SECOND DATE After 五七 you need remember something special for Chinese New Year. What is the special thing? Couplet ( 对联 ) Clothing

97 NO NEED TO CHANGE You do not wear special clothing for the first Chinese New Year after the funeral. Go choose something else to be special

98 THE SECOND DATE After 五七 you need remember something special for Chinese New Year. What is the special thing? Couplet ( 对联 ) Firecrackers

99 COLOR CHANGE The Bai Minority are not allowed to use red 对联 for a certain number of years after someone has passed away. They change the color instead. But how long are they not allowed to use red ones? One yearTwo years Three years

100 ONE IS TOO SHORT One year is too short, you need to repay all the work your parents have done for you. Go wait another year or two

101 COLOR CHANGE The Bai Minority are not allowed to use red 对联 for a certain number of years after someone has passed away. They change the color instead. Purple for the first year, and green for the second. But how long are they not allowed to use red ones? One yearTwo years Three years

102 IT DEPENDS How many years depends on the gender of the deceased. What is the gender of the deceased? Male Female

103 INCORRECT GENDER You do not wait two years before being allowed to use red 对联 if the deceased was female. Click here to change the time

104 COLOR CHANGE The Bai Minority are not allowed to use red 对联 for a certain number of years after someone has passed away. They change the color instead. Purple for the first year, and green for the second. But how long are they not allowed to use red ones? One yearTwo years Three years

105 IT DEPENDS How many years depends on the gender of the deceased. What is the gender of the deceased? Male Female

106 INCORRECT GENDER You do not wait three years before being allowed to use red 对联 if the deceased was male. Click here to choose a different time

107 THIS IS 戴孝 戴孝 (dài xiào) is keeping the soul of the deceased with the family for two or three years depending on gender before the soul reincarnates. The Bai Minority believe that females have done much more for you in raising you up, which is why three years is the time for 戴孝 for females, and only two for males. Almost done

108 THE FINAL STEP 脱孝 (tuó xiào) is the final step. This is when the family hires another scripture reader to read scriptures and the family takes the 孝布 (xiào bù, a white cloth) off and releases the soul which allows it to re- incarnate. The 孝布 is not worn everyday, only on the funeral related days. Continue

109 CONGRATULATIONS You have finished the whole process of a Bai Minority Funeral. You can start again. Start AgainFinish

110 THANKS FOR VIEWING Sources

111 SOURCES 1: http://factsanddetails.com/china.php?itemid=178&catid=3http://factsanddetails.com/china.php?itemid=178&catid=3 2: http://www.chinahighlights.com/travelguide/nationality/bai.htmhttp://www.chinahighlights.com/travelguide/nationality/bai.htm 3: http://rsc.byu.edu/archived/deity-and-death/1-what%E2%80%99s-funeral-korean-american-mormon-and-jewish-rites-comparedhttp://rsc.byu.edu/archived/deity-and-death/1-what%E2%80%99s-funeral-korean-american-mormon-and-jewish-rites-compared 4: http://www.amiwa-trek.com/htm/index_nature.htmhttp://www.amiwa-trek.com/htm/index_nature.htm 5: Mr. Zhao (Guard in YZR) 4/24/13 6: Mrs. Yan (Works in YZR and the Linden Center) 4/25/13 7: Antique store owners near SiFangJie 4/25/13 8: http://www.nianw.com/zt/2011-9-21/ZT_679.htm (Chinese) 9: http://zhidao.baidu.com/question/319339237.html (Chinese) 10: Xiao Tang 11: Mr. T 12: http://www.ynws.gov.cn/Detail.aspx?ID=11233 (Chinese) 13: Mr. Yang the Casket Maker 14: Owner of Noodle and Dumpling Shop in SFJ 15: Mrs. Hong 16: Mr. and Mrs. Yin near the East Gate 17: Mrs. Yang from the Linden Center 18: Mr. Yang owner of the Golden Flower (did not want to talk about the topic) 19: Funeral of Mr. Yang (looking around) 20: Colton/Ying Yang (went to a funeral feast thing) 21: Mr. Duan 22: Mr. Zhao, the younger guard


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