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Global History & Geography Vocabulary List #5. What was one effect of Alexander the Great’s conquests? A.Formation of the Christian church B.Decreased.

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Presentation on theme: "Global History & Geography Vocabulary List #5. What was one effect of Alexander the Great’s conquests? A.Formation of the Christian church B.Decreased."— Presentation transcript:

1 Global History & Geography Vocabulary List #5

2 What was one effect of Alexander the Great’s conquests? A.Formation of the Christian church B.Decreased importance of the Silk Roads C.Expansion of Hellenistic culture D.Increased support of the Mayan leaders

3 Hellenistic Type of culture, resulting from Alexander the Great’s conquests that blended eastern and western influences

4 “…The Nazi holocaust, which engulfed millions of Jews in Europe, proved anew the urgency of the re-establishment of the Jewish state, which would solve the problem of Jewish homelessness by opening the gates to all Jews and lifting the Jewish people to equality in the family of nations…” This statement is referring to the establishment of which nation? A.Israel B.Jordan C.Poland D.Ethiopia

5 Holocaust Act of genocide by the Nazis during World War II in which more than 6 million Jews died

6 * Classical Greco-Roman ideas were revived * Wealthy patrons supported the arts and education * Humanism spread throughout western Europe Which period in European history is most closely associated with these statements? A.Early Middle Ages B.Hellenistic Period C.Industrial Revolution D.Renaissance

7 Humanism Intellectual movement at the heart of the Renaissance that focused on worldly subjects rather than religious ones

8 * Cyrillic alphabet adopted for use in Russia * Russians accepted the teachings of the Orthodox Christian Church * Onion-shaped domes dotted the skyline of Kievan Russia Which term is most closely associated with these statements? A.Interdependence B.Colonialism C.Cultural Diffusion D.Ethnocentrism

9 Icon Holy image of Jesus, the Virgin Mary, or a saint of the Orthodox Christian Church

10 Which policy is most directly associated with the terms “spheres of influence’, “extraterritoriality”, and “protectorate”? A.Collectivization B.Containment C.Isolationism D.imperialism

11 Imperialism Social, political and economic domination of one country by another

12 The 1967 Arab-Israeli Six-Day War resulted in the A.acquisition of the Golan Heights, West Bank, and Gaza Strop by Israel B.Recognition of Israel’s sovereignty by neighboring Arab states C.Destruction of Israel’s military D.Establishment of a lasting peace in the Middle East

13 Intifada Uprising mounted by Palestinians in the occupied territories in 1987 and 2001

14 The tea ceremony, Kabuki theater, and writing haiku poetry remain important in Japan today. What do these activities suggest about Japanese culture? A.The ideas of Confucianism continue to dominate Japanese life. B.The Japanese continue to value traditional customs and practices. C.Social change remains a goal of Japanese society. D.Western culture influences contemporary Japanese life.

15 Kabuki Form of Japanese drama developed in the 1600s

16 Which fact relating to early Japan was a result of the other three? A.Japan experienced earthquakes and volcanic eruptions. B.Tsunamis and typhoons sometimes destroyed costal Japanese villages. C.Mountains are found throughout the islands of Japan. D.The Japanese developed a nature-based belief called Shinto.

17 Kami In Shintoism, the spirits in all living and nonliving things

18 Which two forces were most powerful in 19 th -century Western Europe? A.Nationalism and liberalism B.Classicism and humanism C.Absolutism and mercantilism D.Fascism and socialism

19 Liberalism Way of thinking that supports personal freedom, democracy and reform

20 Which economic system existed in Europe during the early Middle Ages? A.Socialism B.Command C.Manorialism D.Free market

21 Manorialism Economic system structured around a lord’s manor or estate

22 Which was a characteristic of feudalism in both medieval Europe and Japan? A.The middle class acquired more power than any other class did. B.Political power was held by a strong centralized government. C.All the people knew their roles in a rigid class system. D.The army encouraged strong nationalistic feelings among the people.

23 Medieval Another name for the period of the Middle Ages from about 500 to the middle of the 1400s

24 During the Commercial Revolution, the joint stock company was developed to meet the needs of A.Communism B.Mercantilism C.Feudalism D.Socialism

25 Mercantilism Economic policy where the mother country gets rich off of the colony

26 Which primary source would most likely provide a Latin American perspective rather than a European perspective on history? A.An eyewitness account by a follower of Emiliano Zapata in the Mexican Revolution B.A journal written by a Spanish missionary C.A painting of the city of Rio de Janeiro dome by a Portuguese merchant D.A letter from Hernando Cortes about his conquest of the Aztecs to the King of Spain

27 Missionary Person dedicated to spreading a religion

28 In the 1500s, the Portuguese seized trading ports in Southeast Asia in an attempt to gain total control of the spice trade Based on this statement, one goal of the Portuguese was to establish A.An embargo B.Banking systems C.Agricultural cooperatives D.A monopoly

29 Monopoly Complete control of a product or business by one person or group

30 Which factor has contributed most to the social and cultural identity of the Middle East? A.Ability of the region to export oil B.Lack of foreign involvement in the region C.Strong influence of Islam on the region D.Political stability of the region

31 Mosque Muslim house of worship

32 “Your words are wise, Arjuna, but your sorrow is for nothing. The truly wise mourn neither for the living nor for the dead. There never was a time when I did not exist, nor you, nor any of these kings. Nor is there any future in which we shall cease to be…” This passage best reflects a belief in A.Ancestor worship B.The Eightfold Path C.Nirvana D.Reincarnation

33 Nirvana In Buddhism, perfect state of being, ends cycle of reincarnation

34 “We believe in nonaggression and noninterference by one country in the affairs of another and the growth of tolerance between them and the capacity for peaceful coexistence. We, therefore, endeavor to maintain friendly relations with all countries, event though we may disagree with them in their policies.” – Jawaharlal Nehru, Prime Minister of India This statement describes the foreign policy known as A.Imperialism B.Nonalignment C.Mercantilism D.Isolationism

35 Nonalignment Policy of not supporting either side in a conflict such as the Cold War

36 “Kings sit upon God’s throne and rule according to God’s law.” This statement would most likely have been made by a person who believed in A.Absolutism B.Oligarchy C.Democracy D.Glasnost

37 Oligarchy Government in which ruling power belongs to a few people

38 Which type of structure is correctly paired with the society in which it was developed? A.Skyscraper – 17 th century United States B.Longhouse – 19 th century Alaska C.Pagoda – 20 th century India D.Gothic Cathedral – 12 th century Europe

39 Pagoda Buddhist temple with many levels and a roof that curves up at the corners

40 “This was the last morning he would have to light the fire…Now father and son could rest. There was a woman coming to the house. Never again would Wang Lung have to rise summer and winter at dawn to light the fire. He could lie in his bed and wait, and he also would have a bowl of water brought to him…” – Pearl Buck, “The Good Earth” Which type of society is portrayed in this reading? A.Ethnocentric B.Monotheistic C.Matriarchal D.Patriarchal

41 Patriarch The highest church official in the Orthodox Christian Church


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