Presentation on theme: "EXPLORING 20 TH CENTURY GENOCIDES MR.GAIJER HUMANITIES The Age of Genocide."— Presentation transcript:
EXPLORING 20 TH CENTURY GENOCIDES MR.GAIJER HUMANITIES The Age of Genocide
A crime without a name… “The aggressor... retaliates by the most frightful cruelties. As his Armies advance, whole districts are being exterminated. Scores of thousands - literally scores of thousands - of executions in cold blood are being perpetrated by the German Police-troops upon the Russian patriots who defend their native soil. Since the Mongol invasions of Europe in the Sixteenth Century, there has never been methodical, merciless butchery on such a scale, or approaching such a scale. “And this is but the beginning. Famine and pestilence have yet to follow in the bloody ruts of Hitler's tanks. “We are in the presence of a crime without a name.” - Winston Churchill describing the brutality of the German forces occupying Russia, 1941.
THE WORD GENOCIDE WAS COINED IN THE MIDST OF THE HOLOCAUST. DEFINITION: Acts committed with intent to destroy, in whole or in part, a national, ethnic, racial, or religious group Genocide geno – meaning race cide – meaning killing
Major genocides of the 20 th century The Herero Genocide, Namibia, 1904-05 Death toll: 60,000 (3/4 of the population) The Armenian Genocide, Ottoman Empire, 1915-23 Death toll: Up to 1.5 million The Ukrainian Famine, 1932-1933 Death toll: 7 million The Nanking Massacre, 1937-1938 Death toll: 300,000 (50% of the pop) The World War II Holocaust, Europe, 1942-45 Death toll: 6 million The Cambodian Genocide, 1975-79 Death toll: 2 million
Namibia, 1904-1905 Under German colonial rule, German Southwest Africa is modern day Namibia. German Lieutenant-General Lothar von Trotha said, 'I wipe out rebellious tribes with streams of blood and streams of money. Only following this cleansing can something new emerge'. On October 2, 1904, von Trotha issued his order to exterminate the Herero from the region. 800,000 DIED.
The Armenian Genocide, 1915 U.S. Ambassador to the Ottoman Empire, Henry Morgenthau Sr., concluded a “race murder” was occurring. He cabled Washington and described the Turkish campaign: ”Persecution of Armenians assuming unprecedented proportions. Reports from widely scattered districts indicate systematic attempt to uproot peaceful Armenian populations and through arbitrary arrests, terrible tortures, whose-sale expulsions and deportations from one end of the Empire to the other accompanied by frequent instances of rape, pillage, and murder turning into massacre, to bring destruction and destitution on them. What was the goal of Turkey??? To wipe out the Armenian people! The documentary, The Armenian Genocide aired on PBS in April, 2006.
The Armenian Controversy To this day, the Turks deny that the Genocide occurred. This is a VERY controversial issue to the Turks. Turkey suspended its military ties with France in 2006 after the French parliament's lower house adopted a bill that would have made it a crime to deny that the Armenian killings constituted a genocide. 23 countries acknowledge the event was genocide In early October 2007, the U.S. Congress opened debate on whether or not to declare the Armenian event a genocide – much to the dismay of the Turkish government.
The Ukrainian Famine 1932-1933 Joseph Stalin, leader of the Soviet Union, set in motion events designed to cause a famine in the Ukraine to destroy the people Result: 7,000,000 persons perished
The Holocaust, 1939-1945 The Holocaust was the systematic, bureaucratic, state-sponsored persecution and murder of approximately six million Jews by the Nazi regime and its collaborators. "Holocaust" is a word of Greek origin meaning "sacrifice by fire”. The Nazis, believed that Germans were "racially superior" and that the Jews, deemed "inferior“, were an alien threat to the so-called German racial community. Result: 6,000,000 dead
Cambodia 1975-1979 The Killing Fields Number of sites in Cambodia where thousands of people were killed and buried by the Communist regime Khmer Rouge, which ruled the country from 1975-1979. One Khmer slogan ran: 'To spare you is no profit, to destroy you is no loss.' The massacres ended in 1979, when Communist Vietnam invaded the country and toppled the Khmer Rouge regime.
Rwanda 1994 800,000 Tutsis were murdered by Hutus in a 3 month period. The international community watched the event unfold and did nothing.
Darfur 2003-present Is it genocide? Debatable death toll stands between 100 and 500,000. Why doesn’t the international community act? Relatives mourn over the body of a one-year-old child who died of malnutrition in June 2004
Genocide What can you do? Educate yourself on the issues Demanding action from your government Educate your community ~ raising awareness Stop judging others…. It leads to bad things!