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History of Texas, 4e © 2007, Harlan Davidson, Inc. 1 Instructor E-Sources PowerPoint™ Presentation Chapter 2 Spaniards in a Far Northern Frontera The History of Texas Harlan Davidson, Inc.
History of Texas, 4e © 2007, Harlan Davidson, Inc. 2 Learning Outcomes (2) be knowledgeable concerning frontier institutions & their impact on Texas culture and society think about the implications of Indian accommodation & resistance in the Far Northern Frontera appreciate the relationship between Bourbon reforms & the independence movement cite the key components of Spain’s legacy in the colonial era
History of Texas, 4e © 2007, Harlan Davidson, Inc. 3 Chapter 2 Spaniards in a Far Northern Frontera Settling New Spain’s Far NorthSettling New Spain’s Far North –Crown motivations for settlement Expand imperial control Buffer against French & British –Motives of frontier peoples Escape unemployment, natural disasters, excessive taxation, ethnic prejudice, & other hardships Opportunity to acquire land & improve economic status
History of Texas, 4e © 2007, Harlan Davidson, Inc. 4 The Far Northern Frontera Settler problemsSettler problems –Fear relocation to unknown hinterland –Settled parts of New Spain face labor shortages ― discourage migrations –Lack of regional infrastructure & isolation –Resistance of Native peoples By 1800 Spanish Texas remains least inhabited part of New SpainBy 1800 Spanish Texas remains least inhabited part of New Spain
History of Texas, 4e © 2007, Harlan Davidson, Inc. 5 Frontier Institutions Missions in Spanish TexasMissions in Spanish Texas –Responsibility Catholicism sole religion – state subsidized Guard the Frontier Christianize native peoples Minister to families, soldiers, & government officials –Missionization limited Started 1738: Church of San Fernando in San Antonio Only mission in Texas at mid-eighteenth century
History of Texas, 4e © 2007, Harlan Davidson, Inc. 6 Frontier Institutions Presidios in Spanish TexasPresidios in Spanish Texas –Responsibility Function as agents of defense Serve as trade centers Attract pioneers seeking security Assist missionization process –Discipline Indians –Help maintain mission Indian labor force –Social & economic development Provide work Place to exchange goods & services
History of Texas, 4e © 2007, Harlan Davidson, Inc. 7
History of Texas, 4e © 2007, Harlan Davidson, Inc. 8 Frontier Institutions The ranching frontier & the cattle tradeThe ranching frontier & the cattle trade –Mid-18 th century cattle ranching expands –Livestock markets connect Texas to neighboring provinces & Louisiana –Semi-subsistence agriculture develops Town livingTown living –Civilian settlements scarce in 18 th century –Urban problems of disease & limited access to services Camino Real connects Texas to MexicoCamino Real connects Texas to Mexico
History of Texas, 4e © 2007, Harlan Davidson, Inc. 9 Frontier Society Cultural traditions of New Spain modifiedCultural traditions of New Spain modified –Wide range of ethnic identities & wealth –Slavery limited –Tejana legal rights under Spanish law Women allowed to hold material assets More rights than French & British North American women
History of Texas, 4e © 2007, Harlan Davidson, Inc. 10 Indian Accommodation & Resistance Hispanicized Native AmericansHispanicized Native Americans –Resistance to missionization –Warfare, disease, territorial violations, decimate Karankawans, Jumanoes, & Coahuiltecan culture –Caddos retain homelands until 1850s Apaches & Comanches resist white interlopersApaches & Comanches resist white interlopers
History of Texas, 4e © 2007, Harlan Davidson, Inc. 11 The Bourbon Reforms Streamlining colonial administrationStreamlining colonial administration –José de Gálvez fact-finding in Mexico –Marqués de Rubí inspecting la frontera End of Spanish EraEnd of Spanish Era –Imperial intrusion resented –Secularization of Missions Few Native Americans Christianized or Hispanicized –Three major settlements in place: San Antonio, Goliad, & Nacogdoches –Illegal trade & drive for Mexican autonomy increase –Tejanos develop distinct character
History of Texas, 4e © 2007, Harlan Davidson, Inc. 12 The Spanish Legacy 300 Years of Spanish rule in Texas ends300 Years of Spanish rule in Texas ends – – Few mourn passing – – Case for relocation never strong Spanish influence in TexasSpanish influence in Texas – Cultural Language & geographical nomenclature Cuisine & architecture – Community property laws – Debtor protection
History of Texas, 4e © 2007, Harlan Davidson, Inc. 13 Key Words & Terms (2) Mexican Era (1821-1836) Missions presidios ranchos towns farms towns Tejanas Dona Maria Hinojosa de Balli Bourbon Reforms Miguel Hidalgo de Costilla Juan Bautista de las Casas Bernardo Gutierrez de Lara Spanish terms & words mestizaje Indios barbaros rancheros vaqueros Islenospresidio gente de razon cabildo municipio alcalde acequia corridos peninsulares Diez y Seis de Septiembre reconquista conquistadores
History of Texas, 4e © 2007, Harlan Davidson, Inc. 1 Instructor E-Sources PowerPoint™ Presentation Chapter 3 Mexican Texas, The History of Texas.
Unit Four: Spanish Colonial Section Two Notes – Tension and Life in Spanish Texas.
Chapter 6 Copyright © by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company Next Texas History Section 1: Spanish Settlements on the Frontier Main Ideas Spanish.
The Spanish Mission System. Purpose KEEP OUT! To keep England and France out of the New World.
T EXAS ! HOLT HOLT, RINEHART AND WINSTON1 Chapter 6 THE SPANISH MISSIONS ( ) Section 1: Spanish Settlements on the Frontier Section 2: The French.
MISSIONS AND PRESIDIOS OF TEXAS (Under spain) MISSIONS were built by Spain to establish control of what is now Texas Spread Catholicism to the.
Chapter 7 Copyright © by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company Next Texas History Section 1: Changes in Spanish Texas Main Ideas In the 1760s the.
Drill: Name the 4 Regions of Texas and list a tribe found in each region! Have your study guide ready to grade! Test tomorrow! Turn in your GREAT slips.
Westward Expansion. Section 1: The West What cultures and ideas influenced the development of the West?
Missions and Settlements p.118 First Missions are Built.
6.1 Spanish Settlements on the Frontier Saint Francis of Assisi founded a religious group known as the Franciscans. Many of these priests became missionaries.
Unit 5: Mexican National Tension with Spain and the U.S. Section One Notes.
MISSIONS AND SETTLEMENTS Chapter 5: Texas History.
Chapter 13 Section 1 The West Identify the destinations of settlers heading west in the early 1800s. Describe the unique culture of the Southwest. Explain.
1 Spanish Settlement in Texas Chapters 6 and 7 2 The Race to Claim Texas Neither Spain nor France had a strong claim to Texas, which lay between Spanish.
Chapter 13 Section 1 The West Chapter 13 Section 1: The West Explain the meaning of Manifest Destiny. What motivated Americans to go west? Who was already.
These Notes will cover Mexico’s Independence.. Colonization- one or more people populating an area. Republic- a government in which voters choose.
Spanish Mission System. Missions Missions were supported by: 1.The Spanish government which owned the land and provided the money. 2.The Catholic Church.
Unit 4.1, Part 3 Notes: Spanish Rule Ends in Texas (p ) Main Idea: After independence from Spain, Mexicans and Texas settlers maintained cultural.
Chapter 7: Conflicts of Empire Section 1: Changes in Spanish Texas.
AMERICAN HISTORY. Original inhabitants were Native Americans First Europeans to visit Texas were Spanish in 1500s Spanish claimed the land but made.
Texas History Mid-Term Final “Jeopardy” Settlers in Texas Republic of Mexico Spanish Influence Native Texans Geography.
These Notes will cover Mexico’s Independence from Spain.
Explorers and Settlers Spanish Settlements p. 124.
UNIT 4 Spanish Colonial. WHY HISTORIANS DIVIDE THE PAST INTO ERAS History is divided into eras so it is easier to identify cause and effect of the great.
SPAIN VS. FRANCE: FEATURING THE CHICKEN WAR TEXAS HISTORY.
Spanish Mission System Plarium.com Missions were built to spread the Catholic faith to Indians and to gain control of Texas Presidios were built to protect.
French and Indian War Great Britain’s victory over France in the French & Indian War changed the balance of power in the Americas. Treaty of Paris, 1763.
Chapter 7 Section 4 Spanish Rule Ends in Mexico. Mexico Wins Independence After Father Hidalgo’s death, a priest named Father Jose Maria Morelos y Pavon.
Spanish Colonization Chapter The New World In 1700 By 1700, Spain & France each controlled about the same amount of territory in the New World.
Texas Missions. Mission Locations San Francisco de los TejasFrancisco San Juan Bautista East TX Missions San Antonio de ValeroAntoniode Los Adaes San.
Chapter 8 Copyright © by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company Next Texas History Section 1: New Policies Toward Texas Main Ideas To protect the.
10 pt 15 pt 20 pt 25 pt 5 pt 10 pt 15 pt 20 pt 25 pt 5 pt 10 pt 15 pt 20 pt 25 pt 5 pt 10 pt 15 pt 20 pt 25 pt 5 pt 10 pt 15 pt 20 pt 25 pt 5 pt ABCDE.
SAN JOSE V. ESPADA Mission Comparisons. San Jose Mission Known as the “Queen of the Missions” Founded in 1720 Built on the banks of the San Antonio.
Explorers and Settlers Building Communities p. 130.
Spanish Missions Come to Texas Spain’s Method for Colonizing Texas.
Life in Spanish Missions. Missions The mission was Spain’s main tool for colonizing Texas. In the Missions the native Texans were… – converted to Christianity.
NEW SPAIN CH. 3 L. 5 NOTES (PG. 110 – 113). VOCABULARY Colony – an area of land ruled by another country Colony – an area of land ruled by another country.
Mission: Religious communities established by Spanish Catholics. Purpose: Convert Native American Indians to Catholicism and teach them about Spanish.
Spanish Rule in Texas: Mission - a settlement in Indian territory.
This PowerPoint will analyze the conflict between the Spanish and the French concerning Texas, and the Spanish Missions.
Spanish Settlement in Texas Part II. Spain reacts to the “Chicken War” After the Chicken War the Spanish army reestablishes Spanish authority.
Missions were Spain’s main way of colonizing and each mission was expected to support itself (food, clothing, etc.) How do you think they got their food,
SPANISH CALIFORNIA. “CALIFORNIA” Spanish lit. Estevanico.
American Filibusters come to Texas Write anything in Blue.
The Growth of Missions Why? To stop the possibility of French settlement How? Setting up missions, presidios, and towns in East Texas.
Empresario (What is an empresario?) Land Grants. Purposes for and methods of settlement.
1 Spanish Missions. 2 SPANISH CONTROL OF THE TEXAS BORDERLANDS To control the Texas borderlands the Spanish built 4 types of settlements: 1.missions –
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