Presentation on theme: "An Evolution of Sculptural Style"— Presentation transcript:
1An Evolution of Sculptural Style Kouroi and KoraiAn Evolution of Sculptural Style
2Kouros (Kouroi) New York Kouros (600 BCE) Sounion Kouros (580 BCE) Kleobis and Biton (580 BCE)Tanagra Boys (580 BCE)Anavysos Kouros (530 BCE)Aristodikos Kouros ( BCE)Kritios Boy ( BCE)
3NY KOUROS NY MMA 32.11.1 1.84 m in height From Attica 600 BCE Egyptian grid-designAttention to patterningNo real anatomy
4Sounion Kouros Athens, National Museum Restored height 3.05 m Found in a pit at the sanctuary of Poseidon at SounionLike NY Kouros but more achievedSeashell like curls, washboard stomach, rounder musculature
5Design Ionic volute ear Careful attention to texture of hair Love of geometric form and symmetrical patterning
6Kleobis and Biton Delphi Museum Restored height of 1.97 m 580 BCE Story of their sacrifice in Herodotus i.31Artist’s inscription: [Poly]medes the Argive made this.
7Boys from Tanagra Athens, National Mus. From Tanagra 1.47 m in height Limestone580 BCE“Amphialkes put this up for Dermys and Kittylos”
8Some AwkwardnessAwkwardness of the embrace is seen in Egyptian couple statues.
9Anavysos Kouros National Mus. 3851 1.94 m in height 530 BCE “Stay and mourn at the monument for dead Kroisos whom violent Ares destroyed, fighting in the front rank.”
10Problems with Hips More robustly modeled Struggle with the weight of the marbleUnsuccessful solution
11Aristodikos National Museum, Athens 510 - 500 BCE 1.95 m in height Base inscribed with name AristodikosMore skillfully handled body masses
12Kritios Boy Acropolis Museum, Athens 0.86 m in height 490 - 480 BCE Precursor to the Classical periodShift of weight - confidence in body masses
13Sculptor in Bronze? Engrave lines of the hair Hollow eyes characteristic of bronze workBroken limbs and head
14Archaic Horsemen Rampin Rider 550 BCE Head from the Louvre Fragments from the Acropolis circuit wall
15Remarkable joinPayne saw that this head from the Louvre joined the body on the acropolisLace-like carving of the hair and beardCelery crown - Nemean or Isthmian games.Delicacy of featuresSame sculptor as Peplos Kore?
17Paint on Archaic Statues Encaustic PaintDepth to Flat SurfacesLost in late Classical Period
18Kore (Korai) Auxerre Kore (640 - 630 BCE) Nikandre Kore ( BCE)Berlin Kore ( BCE)Peplos Kore (530 BCE)Cheramyes Kore ( BCE)Ionic Korai, Acropolis ( BCE)Phrasikleia (540 BCE)
19Auxerre Kore Louvre 3098 From Crete. 0.65 m in height 640 - 630 BCE Incision and traces of painted linesDaedalic styleLarge hands and position suggest adoration.
20Nikandre Athens, National Museum From Delos 640 - 625 BCE 1.75 m in heightEarliest life-sized statueNowhere thicker than 20 cm .
21Nikandre Inscription Boustrophedon. “Nikandre dedicated me to the Far Darter, the Arrow Shooter, outstanding of women, daughter of Deinodikes of Naxos, sister of Deinomenes, wife of Phraxos.”
22Berlin Kore Berlin Antikensammulungen. 1.93 m in height 570 - 560 BCE Found wrapped in lead in Keratea, suburb of Athens.Crown (polos) of meander pattern and lotus and bud motif.Funerary?
23Peplos Kore Acropolis Museum, Athens. 1.17 m in height 530 BCE Peplos over the chitonSame sculptor as Rampin head?
24Traces of Paint Embroidered dress. Colored belt. Strands of hair, irises, lips all colored.Added jewelry pegged in.
25Cheramyes Kore Louvre 686 1.92 m in height 560 BCE From Samos Epiblema, mantle, and chitonDedication:”Cheramyes dedicated this statue to Hera.”
26Ionic Korai on the Acropolis Acropolis 681: Antenor KoreAcropolis 682Acropolis 670Acropolis 674Acropolis 686: Euthydikos Kore
27Antenor Kore Acropolis Museum 2.155 m in height 530 - 520 BCE “Nearchos the potter dedicated this to Athens. Antenor the son of Eumares made this statue.”Nearchos signed pots BCE.Eyes: rock crystal set in lead.
28Early Chian Acropolis 682 530 - 520 BCE 1.82 m high “most peculiar” “the less one sees of the whole, the more of the detail, the better”
29Unusual Chiton Style Acropolis 670 1.15 m high 520 - 510 BCE Sculptor: same hand as the AristodikosNo himation. Unusual chiton use.
30Advanced Chian Style Acropolis 674 H (preserved) 0.92 m 500 BCE Preliminaries to the Severe Style.
31Euthydikos Kore Acropolis 686 490 BCE Euthydikos, son of Thaliarchos, dedicated me.Same sculptor as the Kritios Boy.
32PhrasikleiaExcavated from Merenda (ancient deme site of Myrrhinous) in 1972.Found almost intact with a male kouros.Cemetery context, on the road to Athens.1.72 m in height540 BCE
33Bridal Garb Stephane or crown of lotus buds and flowers. Earrings, necklace, bracelets.Embroidered gown.Fancy belt.Special shoes.Iconography of bride.
34Inscription Fit into previously discovered base (1729). Artist’s signature: Aristion of Paros.Metrical epitaph:“Sema” of Phrasikleia.I shall be called korealways, instead of marriageby the gods thathaving been alloted name.