Presentation on theme: "An Evolution of Sculptural Style"— Presentation transcript:
1 An Evolution of Sculptural Style Kouroi and KoraiAn Evolution of Sculptural Style
2 Kouros (Kouroi) New York Kouros (600 BCE) Sounion Kouros (580 BCE) Kleobis and Biton (580 BCE)Tanagra Boys (580 BCE)Anavysos Kouros (530 BCE)Aristodikos Kouros ( BCE)Kritios Boy ( BCE)
3 NY KOUROS NY MMA 32.11.1 1.84 m in height From Attica 600 BCE Egyptian grid-designAttention to patterningNo real anatomy
4 Sounion Kouros Athens, National Museum Restored height 3.05 m Found in a pit at the sanctuary of Poseidon at SounionLike NY Kouros but more achievedSeashell like curls, washboard stomach, rounder musculature
5 Design Ionic volute ear Careful attention to texture of hair Love of geometric form and symmetrical patterning
6 Kleobis and Biton Delphi Museum Restored height of 1.97 m 580 BCE Story of their sacrifice in Herodotus i.31Artist’s inscription: [Poly]medes the Argive made this.
7 Boys from Tanagra Athens, National Mus. From Tanagra 1.47 m in height Limestone580 BCE“Amphialkes put this up for Dermys and Kittylos”
8 Some AwkwardnessAwkwardness of the embrace is seen in Egyptian couple statues.
9 Anavysos Kouros National Mus. 3851 1.94 m in height 530 BCE “Stay and mourn at the monument for dead Kroisos whom violent Ares destroyed, fighting in the front rank.”
10 Problems with Hips More robustly modeled Struggle with the weight of the marbleUnsuccessful solution
11 Aristodikos National Museum, Athens 510 - 500 BCE 1.95 m in height Base inscribed with name AristodikosMore skillfully handled body masses
12 Kritios Boy Acropolis Museum, Athens 0.86 m in height 490 - 480 BCE Precursor to the Classical periodShift of weight - confidence in body masses
13 Sculptor in Bronze? Engrave lines of the hair Hollow eyes characteristic of bronze workBroken limbs and head
14 Archaic Horsemen Rampin Rider 550 BCE Head from the Louvre Fragments from the Acropolis circuit wall
15 Remarkable joinPayne saw that this head from the Louvre joined the body on the acropolisLace-like carving of the hair and beardCelery crown - Nemean or Isthmian games.Delicacy of featuresSame sculptor as Peplos Kore?
17 Paint on Archaic Statues Encaustic PaintDepth to Flat SurfacesLost in late Classical Period
18 Kore (Korai) Auxerre Kore (640 - 630 BCE) Nikandre Kore ( BCE)Berlin Kore ( BCE)Peplos Kore (530 BCE)Cheramyes Kore ( BCE)Ionic Korai, Acropolis ( BCE)Phrasikleia (540 BCE)
19 Auxerre Kore Louvre 3098 From Crete. 0.65 m in height 640 - 630 BCE Incision and traces of painted linesDaedalic styleLarge hands and position suggest adoration.
20 Nikandre Athens, National Museum From Delos 640 - 625 BCE 1.75 m in heightEarliest life-sized statueNowhere thicker than 20 cm .
21 Nikandre Inscription Boustrophedon. “Nikandre dedicated me to the Far Darter, the Arrow Shooter, outstanding of women, daughter of Deinodikes of Naxos, sister of Deinomenes, wife of Phraxos.”
22 Berlin Kore Berlin Antikensammulungen. 1.93 m in height 570 - 560 BCE Found wrapped in lead in Keratea, suburb of Athens.Crown (polos) of meander pattern and lotus and bud motif.Funerary?
23 Peplos Kore Acropolis Museum, Athens. 1.17 m in height 530 BCE Peplos over the chitonSame sculptor as Rampin head?
24 Traces of Paint Embroidered dress. Colored belt. Strands of hair, irises, lips all colored.Added jewelry pegged in.
25 Cheramyes Kore Louvre 686 1.92 m in height 560 BCE From Samos Epiblema, mantle, and chitonDedication:”Cheramyes dedicated this statue to Hera.”
26 Ionic Korai on the Acropolis Acropolis 681: Antenor KoreAcropolis 682Acropolis 670Acropolis 674Acropolis 686: Euthydikos Kore
27 Antenor Kore Acropolis Museum 2.155 m in height 530 - 520 BCE “Nearchos the potter dedicated this to Athens. Antenor the son of Eumares made this statue.”Nearchos signed pots BCE.Eyes: rock crystal set in lead.
28 Early Chian Acropolis 682 530 - 520 BCE 1.82 m high “most peculiar” “the less one sees of the whole, the more of the detail, the better”
29 Unusual Chiton Style Acropolis 670 1.15 m high 520 - 510 BCE Sculptor: same hand as the AristodikosNo himation. Unusual chiton use.
30 Advanced Chian Style Acropolis 674 H (preserved) 0.92 m 500 BCE Preliminaries to the Severe Style.
31 Euthydikos Kore Acropolis 686 490 BCE Euthydikos, son of Thaliarchos, dedicated me.Same sculptor as the Kritios Boy.
32 PhrasikleiaExcavated from Merenda (ancient deme site of Myrrhinous) in 1972.Found almost intact with a male kouros.Cemetery context, on the road to Athens.1.72 m in height540 BCE
33 Bridal Garb Stephane or crown of lotus buds and flowers. Earrings, necklace, bracelets.Embroidered gown.Fancy belt.Special shoes.Iconography of bride.
34 Inscription Fit into previously discovered base (1729). Artist’s signature: Aristion of Paros.Metrical epitaph:“Sema” of Phrasikleia.I shall be called korealways, instead of marriageby the gods thathaving been alloted name.