Presentation on theme: "Sampling the Spanish Colonization Unit: Persistent Issue: When is a nation justified in intervening in the affairs of another nation? Central Question:"— Presentation transcript:
Sampling the Spanish Colonization Unit: Persistent Issue: When is a nation justified in intervening in the affairs of another nation? Central Question: Should we celebrate or mourn the arrival of Europeans in the Americas? Culminating Activity: World Court Hearing
Spanish Colonization: Hypothesis Formation Central Question: Should we celebrate or mourn the arrival of Europeans in the Americas? Lesson Focus Question: How did people in Spain and the Caribbean live at the time of initial contact?
Spanish Colonization: Hypothesis Formation Purpose: Provide the framing historical and cultural context for inquiry into primary accounts 1. Introduce cultures of Spain, the Caribbean, and Mesoamerica at the time of initial contact. 2.Introduce the historical problem of “how we know”: the perceptions of non-Western cultures of which we have no direct records. 3.Introduce Aztec encounters (for which we have better records) to give some sense of the indigenous peoples’ perspectives
Establishing Foundational Knowledge Spanish Colonization of the Americas Strategy: Interactive Slide Lecture Hypothesis Formation Interpreting Archeological Evidence
Understanding the Worlds of 1492 Spain & The Taino
Who They Met: The Taino World -- 1492 http://www.red-coral.net/ColumbP39.jpg
Geography of The Taino World Originally from South America Territory more than 1,000 miles east to west Occupied the Lesser Antilles, Puerto Rico, Bahamas, Hispaniola, Jamaica, and Cuba Rouse, Irving. 1992. The Tainos. New Haven: Yale University Press. P. 6.
Taino Political/Social Organization Confederation style gov’t –Tiered chiefdoms –Alliances of great chiefdoms –Hispaniola: 5 powerful chiefdoms
Taino Political/Social Organization Village Life http://welcome.topuertorico.org/images/bohios.jpg
Taino Political/Social Organization History (hypothesized) –Internal warfare alternating with periods of alliance and trade –Military stand-off of equal chiefdoms –By 1492, intermarriage among elite to create a pan-Taino ruling class
Taino Religious Practices System of Gods: Zemis –Explained how universe was created –Role humans played in the universe –Moral blueprint to guide conduct –Afterlife where good people rewarded
Taino Religious Practices http://www.rose-hulman.edu/~delacova/taino/wooden-deity.gif
Taino Religious Practices Two Supreme Deities –Lord of cassava and sea –Goddess of fresh water & human fertility
Taino Religious Practices http://www.elmuseo.org/taino/ tainoimages/daily_zemifront.jpg
Taino Religious Practices Representations made from remains of ancestors –Believed powerful spirits in these objects –Cannibalism: Drink made from ground, burned bones of ancestors passed spirit of person to living
Taino Religious Practices http://www.rose-hulman.edu/~delacova/taino/wooden-rattle.gif
Taino Religious Practices Religious agricultural feasts Shamans served as advisors to chiefs
Taino Relations with Others Fought with Island-Caribs who had invaded territory Expanded influence to outward islands in Caribbean. Resources flowed back to dominant Taino chiefdoms.