Presentation on theme: "The Kingdom Attitudes “Beatitudes”. This sermon on the Kingdom does not just give a list of commands. It gives us a whole new way to think…a whole new."— Presentation transcript:
This sermon on the Kingdom does not just give a list of commands. It gives us a whole new way to think…a whole new attitude…a renewing of our minds. (Thinking “on earth as it is in heaven.”)
So it begins with crucial Kingdom Attitudes Kingdom Attitudes“Beatitudes”
Matthew 5:3-12; V10. Those who are persecuted V9. Peacemakers V8. Pure in Heart V7. Merciful V6. Hunger for Righteousness V5. Meek V4. Mourn V3. Poor in Spirit
1 st Step on Ladder – Poor in Spirit Matthew 5:3; Blessed are the poor in spirit, for theirs is the kingdom of heaven. Penes (in Greek) –poor so that you just get by and don’t have any property, see their spiritual poverty or bankruptcy. Ptochos (in Greek)—absolute and abject poverty. (From ptossein—to crouch or cower.) So poor must beg.
Matthew 5:3 “Blessed are the poor in spirit, for theirs is the kingdom of heaven. Penes –poor so that you just get by and don’t any property Ptochos—absolute and abject poverty. (From ptossein—to crouch or cower.) So poor must beg.
PhariseeTax Collector Saw himself as rich in as poor inspirit
[v9] To some who were confident of their own righteousness and looked down on everybody else, Jesus told this parable: When you are poor in spirit, there are 2 things you do not do: 1.You do not put your confidence in your own righteousness 2.You do not look down on others.
2 nd Step on Ladder – those who mourn Matthew 5:4; Blessed are those who mourn, for they will be comforted. Mourn – penthountes from pentheo (in Greek): to mourn, lament Those who are contrite over their sin.
Parallels Job 5:11 - The lowly he sets on high, and those who mourn are lifted to safety. Isaiah 61:2 - to proclaim the year of the Lord's favor and the day of vengeance of our God, to comfort all who mourn, James 4:9 - Grieve, mourn and wail. Change your laughter to mourning and your joy to gloom.
Context – James 4:7-10 7 Submit yourselves, then, to God. Resist the devil, and he will flee from you. 8 Come near to God and he will come near to you. Wash your hands, you sinners, and purify your hearts, you double-minded. 9 Grieve, mourn and wail. Change your laughter to mourning and your joy to gloom. 10 Humble yourselves before the Lord, and he will lift you up.
Blessed are those who mourn, for they will be comforted. Comforted – paraklethesontai from parakaleo (in Greek): to call to one’s side, summon, admonish, exhort, beg, entreat, encourage, strengthen, console, comfort. Cf. Hebrews 3:13 and 10:25
2 Corinthians 1:4; who comforts us in all our troubles, so that we can comfort those in any trouble with the comfort we ourselves receive from God.
The Message “Commentary” Matthew 5:4; You’re blessed when you feel you've lost what is most dear to you. Only then can you be embraced by the One most dear to you.
At the cross we truly see the horror and the cost of sin, in general, but more specifically, my sin. Like David in Psalm 51 It is a sorrow that leads to change (2 Corinthians 7:10)
The road to God or the age to come goes through Golgotha but it doesn’t end there, it also passes through an empty tomb.
3 rd Step on Ladder – the meek Matthew 5:5; Blessed are the meek, for they will inherit the earth. Meek – praeis from praus: meek, NASB – gentle, NLT – humble, Amplified – mild, patient, longsuffering. Dictionary.com : 1.humbly patient or docile, as under provocation from others. 2. overly submissive or compliant; spiritless; tame. 3. Obsolete. gentle; kind. Teachable.
“Meek and Mild” Not words used in “Biographies of the Rich and Famous” Some of the most ridiculed words in the Bible
Remember. Foreign Concept Greek word – controlled power, e.g. a trained stallion guided by his rider In the OT, the meek are those wholly relying on God rather than their own strength to defend against injustice. E.g. Moses Numbers 12:3. It is the opposite to self-assertiveness and self-interest. Surrendered to God.
Bottom line: It is like Jesus Matthew 11:29: Take my yoke upon you and learn from me, for I am gentle and humble in heart, and you will find rest for your souls.
The Message “Commentary” Matthew 5:5; You're blessed when you're content with just who you are—no more, no less. That's the moment you find yourselves proud owners of everything that can't be bought.
4 th Step on Ladder – hunger for righteousness Matthew 5:6; Blessed are those who hunger & thirst for righteousness, for they will be filled.
Hunger and Thirst As Americans can we really comprehend what it really means to be hungry? What is means to be thirsty?
I’m dying for a ________. There is nothing to eat/drink here! "I'll have a 'For Here, Grande, Non-Fat, No Water, 180 Degrees, Chai Latte'.
What is “Righteousness”? Is it Doing “right stuff”? Is it Being right? Is it Mine or God’s?
Righteousness is having right relationships, not just doing what is right.
The Message Commentary Matthew 5:6; You're blessed when you've worked up a good appetite for God. He's food and drink in the best meal you'll ever eat.
How did we go from step 1 to step 4? Spiritual poverty and bankruptcy Being Filled with righteousness The mercy of God
1 Peter 2:10 ; Once you were not a people, but now you are the people of God; once you had not received mercy, but now you have received mercy. 5 th Step on Ladder – the merciful Matthew 5:7; Blessed are the merciful, for they will be shown mercy.
Psalms – Prayers for Mercy Psalm 4:1; Answer me when I call to you, O my righteous God. Give me relief from my distress; be merciful to me and hear my prayer. Psalm 6:2; Be merciful to me, Lord, for I am faint; O Lord, heal me, for my bones are in agony. Psalm 6:9; The Lord has heard my cry for mercy; the Lord accepts my prayer. Psalm 28:6; Praise be to the Lord,for he has heard my cry for mercy.
Do we pray like this? Do we humbly and freely ask for the mercy of God?
God is merciful (full of mercy) and he is pleased when we cry out to him for mercy. The tax collector’s prayer in Luke 18:13; was right. “God be merciful to me a sinner.” He received mercy and went home justified.
6 th Step on Ladder – pure in heart Matthew 5:8; Blessed are the pure in heart, for they will be see God.
Three possibilities 1.Sums up all that’s been said by first 5 steps. 2.If we are now feeling good about our lives, calls us not to be prideful. 3.If we have changed, but have experienced frustrations, rejection, disappointments, calls us to not get bitter.
Psalm 51:10-11 Create in me a pure heart, O God, and renew a steadfast spirit within me. 11Do not cast me from your presence or take your Holy Spirit from me. Matthew 15:8 " 'These people honor me with their lips, but their hearts are far from me. Matthew 22:37 Jesus replied: " 'Love the Lord your God with all your heart and with all your soul and with all your mind.
7 th Step on Ladder – peacemakers Matthew 5:9; Blessed are the peacemakers, for they will be called sons of God.
Questions 1.What is the state of our world today? Nations – Cold War over but is there peace? Marriage and family – we know the statistics, appalling the status of relationships in our world. National politics – Just open your paper. Offices and workplaces – gossip abound. Conflict, terror – everywhere you go, travel.
Questions 1.What is the state of our world? 2. What is “peace”?
Greek-- "eirene” -- The word means tranquility, and is used to describe a boat sailing on a calm sea. It means harmony and describes a song in which all notes and cords blend in perfect agreement. And it conveys the idea of an absence of strife, calling to mind two people walking hand-in-hand along the road. English word “peace” comes from Latin “pax” which had to do with a pact or treaty between two parties. Hebrew word for “peace” -- “Shalom.” Not only does shalom convey the negative -- the absence of strife and evil -- but also the positive, the presence of all good things. To wish shalom on another was in essence to say, "I wish for you not only the absence of all that may harm, but also the presence of everything that makes for a person's good."
Questions 1.What is the state of our world? 2. What is “peace”? 3. With whom must we first have peace?
A. Remember context of The Beatitudes– Relationship with God (“theirs is the Kingdom of God,” “they will see God,” “be called Sons of God.”) B. We must first have peace with God: Romans 5:1; Therefore, since we have been justified through faith, we have peace with God through our Lord Jesus Christ.
Ephesians 2:13-18; But now in Christ Jesus you who once were far away have been brought near through the blood of Christ.  For he himself is our peace, who has made the two one and has destroyed the barrier, the dividing wall of hostility,  by abolishing in his flesh the law with its commandments and regulations. His purpose was to create in himself one new man out of the two, thus making peace,  and in this one body to reconcile both of them to God through the cross, by which he put to death their hostility.  He came and preached peace to you who were far away and peace to those who were near.  For through him we both have access to the Father by one Spirit.
2 Cor. 5:18-20; All this is from God, who reconciled us to himself through Christ and gave us the ministry of reconciliation:  that God was reconciling the world to himself in Christ, not counting men's sins against them. And he has committed to us the message of reconciliation.  We are therefore Christ's ambassadors, as though God were making his appeal through us. We implore you on Christ's behalf: Be reconciled to God.
Questions 1.What is the state of our world? 2. What is “peace”? 3. With whom must we first have peace? 4. So what is Jesus calling us to in this Beatitude?
Jesus is calling us not to wait until we see a fight/conflict. Jesus is calling us to be ministers of reconciliation. Jesus is calling us to go, make disciples. Jesus is calling us to be evangelistic. Bring the good news.
Questions 1.What is the state of our world? 2. What is “peace”? 3. With whom must we first have peace? 4. So what is Jesus calling us to in this Beatitude? 5. How did Jesus do it?
Jesus didn’t gloss over the deeper problems. Jesus taught people the principles of these beatitudes. Jesus said what people often did not want to hear.
Questions 1.What is the state of our world? 2. What is “peace”? 3. With whom must we first have peace? 4. So what is Jesus calling us to in this Beatitude? 5. How did he do it? 6.How far did peacemaking lead Jesus?
Hebrews 13:11-13 ; The high priest carries the blood of animals into the Most Holy Place as a sin offering, but the bodies are burned outside the camp.  And so Jesus also suffered outside the city gate to make the people holy through his own blood.  Let us, then, go to him outside the camp, bearing the disgrace he bore.
Hebrews 13:11-13 The high priest carries the blood of animals into the Most Holy Place as a sin offering, but the bodies are burned outside the camp.  And so Jesus also suffered outside the city gate (1) to make the people holy through his own blood.  Let us, then, go to him outside the camp (2), bearing the disgrace he bore. 1.Where did he go? 2.Where are we called to go?
Each of us needs to go outside the Camp 1.Outside the camp of our convenience 2. Outside the camp of our comfort 3. Outside the camp of our complacency 4. Outside the camp of our cowardice
8 th & Last step on Ladder – those who are persecuted. Matthew 5:10-11; Blessed are those who are persecuted because of righteousness, for theirs is the kingdom of heaven. Blessed are you when people insult you, persecute you and falsely say all kinds of evil against you because of me.
Several Questions 1. Is there anything different about this beatitude? Two things: A.The only one where it is something done to us, as a result of living the others, not something we decide to be. B.However, the only one where we are told the blessing and then how we should respond to the blessing.
Several Questions 1.Is there anything different about this beatitude? 2.Why would Jesus end on such a negative note? #1 – Not so negative. Still reason for rejoicing. #2 – When he finishes this beatitude he is not finished with his thought. Salt of the earth & light of the world comes next.
Ironically, it may be the 7 th beatitude that is the most direct cause of persecution. Peacemaking is what creates the rub. Doing what is righteous, living out the first 7 steps is: not popular goes against grain calls us to be separate different in right way making a difference for God!
Poor in Spirit Mourn Meek Hunger for Righteousness Merciful Pure in Heart Peacemakers Those Who Are Persecuted vv.10-12 Nice guy
Poor in Spirit Mourn Meek Hunger for Righteousness Merciful Pure in Heart Peacemakers Those Who Are Persecuted vv.10-12 The rub
What is said in the New Testament 1. Matthew 10:21-24; "Brother will betray brother to death, and a father his child; children will rebel against their parents and have them put to death.  All men will hate you because of me, but he who stands firm to the end will be saved.  When you are persecuted in one place, flee to another. I tell you the truth, you will not finish going through the cities of Israel before the Son of Man comes.  "A student is not above his teacher, nor a servant above his master. 2. Matthew 10:34-36; "Do not suppose that I have come to bring peace to the earth. I did not come to bring peace, but a sword.  For I have come to turn " 'a man against his father, a daughter against her mother, a daughter-in-law against her mother-in-law--  a man's enemies will be the members of his own household.'
3. John 15:18-20; "If the world hates you, keep in mind that it hated me first.  If you belonged to the world, it would love you as its own. As it is, you do not belong to the world, but I have chosen you out of the world. That is why the world hates you.  Remember the words I spoke to you: 'No servant is greater than his master.' If they persecuted me, they will persecute you also. If they obeyed my teaching, they will obey yours also. 4. 2 Tim. 3:12; In fact, everyone who wants to live a godly life in Christ Jesus will be persecuted, 5. 1 Peter 4:3-4; For you have spent enough time in the past doing what pagans choose to do--living in debauchery, lust, drunkenness, orgies, carousing and detestable idolatry.  They think it strange that you do not plunge with them into the same flood of dissipation, and they heap abuse on you.
Several Questions 1.Is there anything different about this beatitude? 2.Why would Jesus end on such a negative note? 3. If we are not being opposed or persecuted should we go seek it? Seek righteousness…never persecution. Shine light in the darkness…and let the world respond. “When there is No opposition or persecution”, we need to examine our lives.
Disciples have suffered because of being rude, disrespectful, inconsiderate, or self- righteous. Particularly true with family members. Matthew 5:43-44 "You have heard that it was said, 'Love your neighbor and hate your enemy.'  But I tell you: Love your enemies and pray for those who persecute you.