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Romanticism. What words best describe the music?

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Presentation on theme: "Romanticism. What words best describe the music?"— Presentation transcript:

1 Romanticism

2 What words best describe the music?

3 Felix Mendelssohn (1809-1847) Hebrides Overture Fingal’s Cave

4 Romanticism A cultural movement of the nineteenth century Characterized by emphasizing the emotional over the rational, the imagination over reason Emphasis on the individual Exploration of nature Nostalgia for past times

5 Inspiration Emphasized individual as inspired creator rather than technical master Importance of spontaneity, being in the moment, rather than precision, perfection Sources of inspiration?

6 Opium

7 Nature Casper David Friedrich (1774- 1840) Wanderer above a Sea of Fog (1817- 1818) In response to scientific revolution and industrial revolution Problematized deistic model of the world Nature as God’s artistic creation

8 Neo-classical Landscapes Claude Lorrain (ca 1604-1682) View of La Crescenza (1648-1650)

9 Romantic Landscapes Thomas Cole (1801-1848) Romantic Landscape with Ruined Tower (1832-1836)

10 Nostalgia Sir Francis Dicksee (1853-1928) La Belle Dame sans Merci

11 John William Waterhouse (1849- 1917) Juliet (1898)

12 "A Sick Child brought into the Temple of Aesculapius” (1877)

13 Mary Shelley’s Frankenstein

14 Kubla Khan (1797-1816) Samuel Taylor Coleridge (1772-1834) In Xanadu did Kubla Khan A stately pleasure-dome decree : Where Alph, the sacred river, ran Through caverns measureless to man Down to a sunless sea. So twice five miles of fertile ground With walls and towers were girdled round : And there were gardens bright with sinuous rills, Where blossomed many an incense-bearing tree ; And here were forests ancient as the hills, Enfolding sunny spots of greenery.

15 But oh ! that deep romantic chasm which slanted Down the green hill athwart a cedarn cover ! A savage place ! as holy and enchanted As e'er beneath a waning moon was haunted By woman wailing for her demon-lover ! And from this chasm, with ceaseless turmoil seething, As if this earth in fast thick pants were breathing, A mighty fountain momently was forced : Amid whose swift half-intermitted burst Huge fragments vaulted like rebounding hail, Or chaffy grain beneath the thresher's flail : And 'mid these dancing rocks at once and ever It flung up momently the sacred river. Five miles meandering with a mazy motion Through wood and dale the sacred river ran, Then reached the caverns measureless to man, And sank in tumult to a lifeless ocean : And 'mid this tumult Kubla heard from far Ancestral voices prophesying war ! The shadow of the dome of pleasure Floated midway on the waves ; Where was heard the mingled measure From the fountain and the caves.

16 It was a miracle of rare device, A sunny pleasure-dome with caves of ice ! A damsel with a dulcimer In a vision once I saw : It was an Abyssinian maid, And on her dulcimer she played, Singing of Mount Abora. Could I revive within me Her symphony and song, To such a deep delight 'twould win me, That with music loud and long, I would build that dome in air, That sunny dome ! those caves of ice ! And all who heard should see them there, And all should cry, Beware ! Beware ! His flashing eyes, his floating hair ! Weave a circle round him thrice, And close your eyes with holy dread, For he on honey-dew hath fed, And drunk the milk of Paradise.

17 Romanticism and Politics Utopian Romantic nationalism Nationhood based on similarities in language and culture Development of national folklore studies; national epics found Developed in response to imperial/monarchial rule

18 Eugene Delacroix Liberty Leading the People (1830)

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