Presentation on theme: "Lynn Alvarado ECE 4403-03. Who was Eleanor Roosevelt? The Early Years The Early Years The Middle Years The Middle Years Polio Polio The White."— Presentation transcript:
Who was Eleanor Roosevelt? The Early Years The Early Years The Middle Years The Middle Years Polio Polio The White House The White House First Lady of the World First Lady of the World Dress from Inauguration
The Early Years Born October 11, 1884 in New York City Her mother died in 1892 (Anna Hall) Her father died in 1894 (Elliott Roosevelt) Eleanor and her brother, Theodore, were sent to live with their maternal grandmother, Valentine Hall, after their mother’s death.
The Early Years (cont’d) Educated by private tutors until age 15. Attended Allenswood, a school for girls in England. Eleanor returned to New York City at age 18. Became involved in social work, joined the Junior League, and taught school at the Riverton Street Settlement House.
The Middle Years Married Franklin Delano Roosevelt, future U.S. President, on March 17, 1905. They were distant cousins with the same last name. They had six children, Anna, James, Franklin Delano, Elliott, Franklin, Jr., and John
Eleanor and Franklin Roosevelt Anna Eleanor 1906-1975 James 1907-1990 Franklin Delano 1909 Elliott 1910-1990 Franklin Jr. 1914-1988 John 1916-1988
The Middle Years (cont’d) Justice cannot be for one side alone, but must be for both. - Eleanor Roosevelt US diplomat & reformer With U.S. entry into World War I, she became active in the American Red Cross and in volunteer work in Navy hospitals. In 1921, her husband, the future U.S. President,was stricken with polio. Mrs. Roosevelt became very active in politics, helping him maintain his interests, as well as her own goals for improving the lives of minorities.
During the first half of the 20th century, no illness inspired more dread and outright panic than polio. Polio epidemics struck the U.S. every summer and fall. Polio can lead to muscle paralysis that results in deformities of the hips, legs, ankles, and feet. Paralysis occurs because the poliovirus attacks the nervous system and damages or destroys the nerves that send messages between the brain and the muscles. Polio vaccines were not available until the 1950s.
PolioPoliovirusPolio in U.S.Polio Statistics Depicted in Egypt 1350 Only in humansFirst outbreak in 1843 1952: 21,000 cases of paralysis Clinical description 1789 Enters through mouth, stays in system 2 weeks 1916 epidemic accelerates research 1979: Last case of wild virus in U.S. Determined to be viral 1908 Spreads to nervous system 1938 March of Dimes founded 2,800,000 dimes collected 1991: Gone from Western Hemisphere FDR contracts polio 1921 Only 1% result in paralysis 1954 Salk vaccine developed Only 7 countries still have cases today
Why did the number of cases of polio drop so significantly by 1960?
Franklin Delano Roosevelt was elected President of the United States in 1932. Due to polio, he had limited mobility and he depended on his wife as his “eyes, ears and legs” to find out what life was like for the people of the country. She talked with people everywhere about their lives, hopes and their fears. The First Lady took a special interest in helping the young, African Americans, and women.
Mrs. Roosevelt Broke precedent by holding press conferences Traveled to all parts of the country Gave lectures and did radio broadcasts Expressed her opinions in a daily newspaper column, “My Day.”
President Roosevelt died on April 12, 1945 at his home in Warm Springs, Georgia Mrs. Roosevelt continued in her public life: President Truman appointed her to the United Nations General Assembly. She served as chair of the Human Rights Commission. Helped draft the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, adopted in 1948. She continued her work with the U.N., Peace Corps, and the President’s Commission on the Status of Women.
1884 Born Oct. 11th 1905 Married Mar. 17th 1906-1916 Gave birth to six children 1928 First Lady of New York 1932 First Lady of United States 1945 FDR Dies Warm Springs, GA 1948 Universal Declaration of Human Rights 1962 Died Nov. 7th
Mrs. Roosevelt became a recognized leader in promoting humanitarian efforts. She was a speaker, lecturer and writer. Eleanor Roosevelt died on November 7, 1962 in New York City. Click on the Fala for more on E.R.
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